USS President Monroe (AP-104)
Jackson class transport
served with the US Navy
during World War II
was the sixth of seven C3-P&C type
vessels built for American
around-the-world service just prior to the
outbreak of World War II. She was laid down 13 November 1939 by
Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock
Company of Newport News, Virginia; and launched 7 August 1940.
World War II
The new SS
President Monroe was just clearing San Francisco
Bay on her maiden voyage around the world when word was
flashed to her Master to return, as Japan had just
She and her six sisterships were
immediately acquired by War
on bareboat charter for outfitting for
Transferred to the Navy 18 July 1943,
President Monroe shifted to Pool, McGonigle &
Jennings Company yard of Portland, Oregon for alterations.
Commissioned 20 August,
Capt. G. C. Morrison in command, she departed Portland 24
August for the Bremerton Navy Yard for conversion and outfitting.
brief shakedown, she commenced her first "pay" run 9 September on
Service. Carrying replacement troops and cargo, she
steamed for Kodiak, Dutch Harbor, and Adak,
Alaska. She also embarked assault troops at Kiska and
transported them to Pearl Harbor, and then returned to San Francisco to be outfitted with landing craft.
Gilbert Islands invasion
Departing the west coast 3 November, the transport joined forces
that were marshaling at Pearl Harbor for the first move of the
Central Pacific Drive--the Gilbert
invasion. She arrived Abemama Atoll on the morning of the 27th bringing the atoll's
garrison group cargo and personnel.
She touched at Tarawa
before sailing for Pearl Harbor with battleship and transport .
Marshall Islands operations
She remained at Pearl Harbor until 23 January 1944, when she
embarked a contingent of marines and steamed for Kwajalein
Atoll. She next transported assault
troops to Eniwetok
, participating through
25 February in the successful landings on Engebi
, Eniwetok, and Parry
Roi-Namur, Kwajalein Atoll 29 February, she called at
Funafuti, Ellice Islands,
and then was routed to Guadalcanal.
Invasion of Guam
a cruise to Milne Bay, Manus Island and New
transport engaged in logistics and practice landings for the
assault on Guam.
Between 21 and 26 July, she discharged troops and cargo off Guam,
then steamed for Eniwetok to embark wounded before proceeding to
San Pedro, California
arriving 22 August 1944. By 4 November, she once again stood out from
Diego and ended the year operating between Guadalcanal,
New Caledonia, and Port
joined the well-screened Task Group 77.9 en route Lingayen Gulf 2 January 1945, and unloaded troops and cargo in
Fabian area between 11 and 13 January. Propulsion problems
necessitated repairs at Leyte, after which she
steamed in convoy for Humboldt Bay, New
Guinea, thence to Ulithi.
was designated flagship for Transport Division "D" of Task Unit
12.6.1 and steamed for Iwo
Jima, arriving 18 March. Embarking troops
there, she steamed for Hawaii, en route to
the end of 1945 she made several runs to Pacific Island bases. With the end of
hostilities, she extended her cruises to Japan and
participated in Operation Magic
Carpet, the giant sealift organized to bring demobilizing
The transport entered Hunter's Point
Naval Drydock 12 January 1946, decommissioned, and was redelivered
to WSA 30 January, returned to American President Lines 21
February, and struck from the Navy List 12 March.
Following decommission, President Monroe
was returned to
American President Lines for commercial service on 21 February
1947. She was sold in 1965 to the Greek Shipping Company,
reflagged, and renamed SS Marianna V
. She was scrapped in
received five battle stars
for World War II service.
- There is some doubt as to whether this vessel was ever formally
designated President Jackson class. The Dictionary of
American Naval Fighting Ships does not record her class,
although some other sources (such as Navsource) do. Unlike the
majority of ships of the class she was never formally reclassified
an attack transport (APA); however, she was originally a sister
ship of the other ships in the class and like them she appears to
have served in the attack transport role during the war.