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USS Robin (AM-3) was an acquired by the U.S. Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing.

Robin was named, by the U.S. Navy for the robin, a North American thrush with a red breast.

Robin (Minesweeper No. 3) was laid down 4 March 1918 by the Todd Shipyard Corp., New Yorkmarker; launched 17 June 1918; sponsored by Miss Bessie Veronica Callaghan; and commissioned 29 August 1918, Lt. (jg.) Lewis H. Cutting in command.

North Atlantic operations

Commissioned at New York, Robin operated in the area, with one run to Hampton Roads, Virginiamarker, until 23 February 1919. By that time the necessity of improving sweeping methods to expedite the clearing of the North Sea Mine Barrage had become very apparent. Robin, with two other minesweepers, tested the feasibility of using sweeps of greater breadth than 500-600 yards. The tests were conducted off Newport, Rhode Islandmarker, in late February and early March.

In mid-March, Robin proceeded to Boston, Massachusettsmarker. On 6 April, she got underway for Scotlandmarker. On the 20th, she arrived at Invernessmarker and joined the North Sea Mining Detachment. Based at Kirkwallmarker, she participated in the seven operations conducted to clear the barrage of its more than 70,000 mines between the Orkneysmarker and Norwaymarker.

With the conclusion of the final sweep, 19 September, Robin returned to Kirkwall for a brief rest after the difficult assignment, made more hazardous by the strong winds, rough seas, and poor visibility of the North Sea. She departed Scotland 1 October and arrived at New York 19 November.

Coastal deployments

Designated AM-3, 17 July 1920, she operated along the U.S. East Coast for the next 11 years, with winter deployments to the Caribbeanmarker. After winter maneuvers in 1932, she continued on to the U.S. West Coast and from her arrival, 6 March, until 9 April 1934 she operated in the San Pedro-San Diegomarker area. During the summer, 1934, she returned to Norfolk, Virginiamarker, but by the end of November was back at San Diego. She remained on the west coast, ranging from Mexicomarker to Alaskamarker and as far west as Hawaiimarker, for the remainder of the decade.

Pacific Ocean assignment

On 7 December 1941 Robin was en route to Hawaii from Johnston Islandmarker. She arrived at Pearl Harbormarker on the 10th and until the end of February 1942 served as a salvage and minesweeping vessel. In February, she shifted to small craft and target towing, torpedo retrieving, and passenger and cargo transportation duties. On 1 June 1942, she was officially redesignated as Ocean Tug AT-140.

World War II Pacific Theatre operations

In June 1943, after an extensive overhaul, she joined a convoy for Samoamarker. She arrived on the 10th and reported for duty as station vessel, Naval Station, Tutuilamarker. Reclassified ATO-140 on 13 April 1944, she operated out of Tutuila until 1945 on towing and salvage assignments which took her to the Ellice Islandsmarker and Fiji Islandsmarker as well as among the Samoanmarker group. Then, from January to March 1945, she operated among the Marshallsmarker and Gilberts.

On 21 March, Robin departed Majuromarker for the United Statesmarker. She arrived at San Diego, California 21 April and two days later shifted to Long Beach, Californiamarker, for overhaul.

Decommissioning at war's end

Still in the shipyard at the end of the war, she was designated for disposal. She was decommissioned 9 November and struck from the Navy list on the 28th.


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