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Left
View of hallway.
The narrow courtyard, showing view toward the Arno River
Ceiling frescos in the main corridor.


The Uffizi Gallery ( , ), is one of the oldest and most famous art museums of the Western world. It's housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a palazzo in Florencemarker, Italymarker.

History

Building of the palace was begun by Giorgio Vasari in 1560 for Cosimo I de' Medici as the offices for the Florentine magistrates — hence the name "uffizi" ("offices"). Construction was continued to Vasari's design by Alfonso Parigi and Bernardo Buontalenti and ended in 1581. The cortile (internal courtyard) is so long and narrow, and open to the Arno Rivermarker at its far end through a Doric screen that articulates the space without blocking it, that architectural historians treat it as the first regularized streetscape of Europe. Vasari, a painter as well as architect, emphasized the perspective length by the matching facades' continuous roof cornices, and unbroken cornices between storeys and the three continuous steps on which the palace-fronts stand. The niches in the piers that alternate with columns were filled with sculptures of famous artists in the 19th century.

The Palazzo degli Uffizi brought together under one roof the administrative offices, the Tribunal and the state archive (Archivio di Stato). The project that was planned by Cosimo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany to arrange that prime works of art in the Medici collections on the piano nobile was effected by Francis I of Tuscany, who commissioned from Buontalenti the famous Tribuna degli Uffizi that united a selection of the outstanding masterpieces in the collection in an ensemble that was a star attraction of the Grand Tour.

Over the years, further parts of the palace evolved into a display place for many of the paintings and sculpture collected by the Medici family or commissioned by them. According to Vasari, who was not only the architect of the Uffizi but also the author of Lives of the Artists, published in 1550 and 1568, artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo gathered at the Uffizi "for beauty, for work and for recreation."

After the house of Medici was extinguished, the art treasures remained in Florence by terms of the famous Patto di famiglia negotiated by Anna Maria Lodovica, the last Medici heiress; it formed one of the first modern museums. The gallery had been open to visitors by request since the sixteenth century, and in 1765 it was officially opened to the public.

Because of its huge collection, some of its works have in the past been transferred to other museums in Florence — for example, some famous statues, to the Bargellomarker. A project is currently underway to expand the museum's exhibition space by 2006 from some 6,000 metres² (64,000 ft²) to almost 13,000 metres² (139,000 ft²), allowing public viewing of many artwork that have usually been in storage.

In 1993, a car bomb exploded in Via dei Georgofili and damaged parts of the palace, killing five people. The most severe damage was to the Niobe room, the classical sculptures and neoclassical interior of which have been restored, although its frescoes were damaged beyond repair. The identity of the bomber or bombers are unknown, although it was almost certainly attributable to the Sicilian Mafia who were engaged in a period of terrorism at that time.

Today the Uffizi is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Florence. In high season (particularly in July), waiting times can be up to five hours. Visitors who reserve a ticket in advance have a substantially shorter wait.

In the summer 2007, in early August, Florence was caught with a large rainstorm, and the Gallery was partially flooded, with water leaking through the ceiling, and the visitors had to be evacuated.

Popular culture



Collections

Here is only a small selection from the world-class collection of paintings:

The collection also contains some ancient sculptures, such as the Arrotino and the Two Wrestlers.

Gallery

Image:Simone Martini 078.jpg|Simone Martini: AnnunciationImage:Paolo Uccello 023.jpg|Paolo Uccello: The Battle of San Romano, 1456Image:Sandro_Botticelli_049.jpg|Detail of The Birth of Venus by BotticelliImage:Primavera.jpg|Botticelli: La Primavera, c. 1478Image:Tizian 102.jpg|Titian: Venus of UrbinoImage:Tizian 022.jpg|Titian: Flora , 1515-1520Image:Piero della Francesca 044.jpg|Piero della FrancescaImage:Fra Filippo Lippi 009.jpg|Fra Filippo Lippi: Madonna con due angeliImage:Michelangelo Buonarroti 046.jpg|Michelangelo: Tondo DoniImage:Sanzio 00.jpg|Raphael: self portraitImage:Raffael 031.jpg|Raphael: Madonna del cardellinoImage:Raffaello - ElisabettaGonzaga.jpg|Raphael: Portrait of Elisabetta GonzagaImage:Raffael 049.jpg|Raphael: Portrait of Pope Julius IIImage:Medusa by Carvaggio.jpg|Caravaggio: MedusaImage:Michelangelo Caravaggio 007.jpg|Caravaggio: BacchusImage:Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn 138.jpg|Rembrandt van Rijn: Self Portrait as a Young Man



See also :Category:Collections of the Uffizi.

Notes

  1. The blankness of the walls was originally covered with tapestries.
  2. Siegfried Giedion, Space, Time and Architecture (1941) 1962 fig.17.
  3. Fossi, Gloria. The Uffizi. (Giuniti, 1999), p. 8.


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