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Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baron Shuttleworth PC (18 December 1844 – 20 December 1939), known as Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, Bt, between 1872 and 1902, was a British landowner and Liberal politician. He was Under-Secretary of State for India and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster under William Gladstone in 1886 and Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty under Gladstone and Lord Rosebery between 1892 and 1895.

Background

Shuttleworth was the son of the physician, civil servant and social reformer Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baronet, the member of a nonconformist Midlandsmarker family of somewhat limited means, and the brother of the economist Joseph Kay and the Lord Justice of Appeal Sir Edward Kay. Born James Kay, he had assumed the additional surname of Shuttleworth on his marriage to Janet Shuttleworth, only child and heiress of Robert Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe Hallmarker, Lancashiremarker. The Shuttleworth family had been landowners in Lancashire from medieval times. Tradition states they made their fortune from wool weaving. They supported the parliamentary side in the English Civil War. Sir James and Lady Shuttleworth parted company after five children and Shuttleworth was raised largely apart from his father. For some years in his youth he lived in Germany with his mother. He inherited large estates on the death of his mother in 1872, including Gawthorpe Hall in Lancashiremarker just north of Manchestermarker. His father then relocated to another of the estates, in Westmorlandmarker.

Political career

Shuttleworth was returned to parliament for Hastings in 1869, a seat he held until 1880. He remained out of parliament until 1885, when he was successfully elected for the Clitheroe district of Lancashiremarker, a constituency he continued to represent until his elevation to the peerage in 1902. When the Liberals came to power under William Gladstone in February 1886, Shuttleworth was made Under-Secretary of State for India. Already in April he became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, replacing Edward Heneage, who had resigned over Irish Home Rule. He was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time. He remained Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until the Liberals fell from power in July 1886.

Shuttleworth returned to office under Gladstone in 1892 when he was made Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, a post he held until 1895, the last year under the premiership of Lord Rosebery. In 1902 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe in the County Palatine of Lancaster. From 1908 to 1928 he was Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, in which capacity in 1910 he entertained King George V and Queen Mary at Gawthorpe Hall.

Family

Lord Shuttleworth married Blanche Marion, daughter of Sir Woodbine Parish, in 1871. They had two sons and four daughters. Both his sons, Captain the Hon. Lawrence Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth (1887-1917) and T/Captain the Hon. Edward James Kay-Shuttleworth (1890-1917) were killed in the First World War. Lady Shuttleworth died in June 1924. Lord Shuttleworth survived her by fifteen years and died in December 1939, aged 95. He was succeeded in his titles by his grandson, Richard, the eldest son of the Hon. Lawrence Kay-Shuttleworth. Richard was killed during the Battle of Britain only eight months later, when his Hawker Hurricane went missing during a battle over a Channel convoy, south of the Isle of Wightmarker. His younger brother, Ronald, the third Baron, was killed in North Africa in 1942. The barony passed to Ronald's first cousin, Charles, the fourth Baron Shuttleworth. He was badly injured in the Second World War, losing one leg and the use of the other. He moved to another home, Leck Hall, on his estates, which was more convenient to his disability, leaving Gawthorpe Hall to his aunt, Rachel, who lived on at Gawthorpe Hall until her death in 1967. The estate became a National Trust property in 1970.

References

  1. leighrayment.com House of Commons: Haslemere to Herefordshire
  2. leighrayment.com House of Commons: Chichester to Clitheroe
  3. leighrayment.com Peerage: Severn to Sligo
  4. leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors 1836-1914
  5. thepeerage.com Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baron Shuttleworth



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