Ungava Peninsula of Nunavik, Quebec, Canada, is bounded
Bay to the west, Hudson Strait to the north, and Ungava Bay to the east. The Ungava Peninsula is part of the
Peninsula and covers about 252,000 km²
(97,000 sq mi). Its northern-most point is Cape
Wolstenholme, which is
also the northern-most point of Quebec.
Location of the Ungava Peninsula
It is a part of the Canadian Shield
and consists entirely of treeless tundra
dissected by large numbers of rivers and glacial lakes, flowing
generally east-west in a parallel fashion. The peninsula was not
deglaciated until 6,500 years ago (11,500 years after the Last Glacial Maximum
) and is believed
to have been the prehistoric centre from which the vast Laurentide Ice Sheet
spread over most
of North America
during the last
The climate is extremely cold (ET
in the Köppen climate
) because the Labrador Current
keeps the region (and all
of northern Québec
) colder in
the summer than other regions at comparable latitudes.
The 10,000 inhabitants of the peninsula (90% Inuit
), live in 12 villages spread along the coast.
largest village, Kuujjuaq, is the
capital of the Kativik Regional Government, which includes all of the peninsula.
offshore islands are part of the Nunavut Territory.
The region is accessible by air services,
with links to southern Québec, and seasonal
shipping when sea-ice breaks up. Thick permafrost
prevents the use of conventional
building techniques in some areas.