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Not to be confused with Union City, New Jerseymarker in Hudson County and Union Beach, New Jerseymarker in Monmouth County.

Union is a Township in Union Countymarker, New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township had a total population of 54,405.

Union Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 23, 1808, from portions of Elizabeth Townshipmarker, while the area was still part of Essex Countymarker. It became part of the newly-formed Union County on March 19, 1857. Portions of the township have been taken to form Clinton Township (November 8, 1809), Linden Townshipmarker (March 4, 1861), Roselle Parkmarker, (March 22, 1901), Kenilworthmarker (May 13, 1907) and Hillsidemarker (April 3, 1913).


The Township of Union is located on the northern-central edge of Union County and is bordered by eight municipalities: Hillsidemarker to the east, Elizabethmarker to the southeast, Roselle Parkmarker and Kenilworthmarker to the south and Springfield Townshipmarker to the west. Northwest of the township lies Millburnmarker, to the north lies Maplewoodmarker and to the northeast lies Irvingtonmarker, all in Essex Countymarker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 9.1 square miles (23.6 km²). 9.1 square miles (23.6 km²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 54,405 people, 19,534 households, and 14,162 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,968.1 people per square mile (2,303.3/km²). There were 20,001 housing units at an average density of 2,194.1/sq mi (846.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 67.66% White, 19.76% African American, 0.15% Native American, 7.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.44% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.93% of the population.

There were 19,534 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the township the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $59,173, and the median income for a family was $68,707 (these figures had risen to $68,979 and $80,260 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $45,299 versus $35,604 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,768. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.


Local government

Union Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. The Mayor, in addition to voting as a member of the Township Committee, presides over the meetings of the committee and carries out ceremonial duties.

, members of the Union Township Committee are
Mayor Anthony Terrezza.,Deputy Mayor Joseph Florio, Peter A. Capodice, Clifton People Jr. and Brenda C. Restivo.

Federal, state and county representation

Union Township is split between the Seventh and Tenth Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 20th Legislative District.

Mayors of Union, NJ (Incomplete)

# Mayor Years in Office Party Terms Notes
1 John Leonard 1879-1883 1-4 First Term
2 James A. Burnett 1884-1885 5 & 6
3 John Leonard 1886 7 Second Term
4 James B. Woodruff 1887-1891 8-12 Five Consecutive Terms
5 John Tunison 1892-1893 13 & 14 Two Consecutive Terms
6 Daniel H. Beach 1894-1895 15 & 16 Two Consecutive Terms
7 William P. Bonnell 1896 17
8 John H. Doremus 1897 18 First Term
9 Daniel H. Beach 1898 19 Third Term
10 William A. Bainbridge 1899 20
11 John H. Doremus 1900 21 Second Term
12 Daniel H. Beach 1901 22 Fourth Term
13 John H. Doremus 1902-1903 23 & 24 Third & Fourth Terms
14 Walter A. Miller 1904-1905 25 & 26 Two Consecutive Terms
15 Daniel B. Wade 1906 25 First Term
16 John H. Doremus 1907 26 Fourth Term
17 Daniel H. Beach 1908 27
18 Daniel B. Wade 1909 28
19 Gottlieb Schnabel 1910 29
20 Daniel H. Beach 1911 30
21 Howard B. Kline 1912 31
22 Gottlieb Schnabel 1913 32
22 Daniel H. Beach 1914 33
23 Cornelius E. Blanchard 1915 34
24 George A. Bashford 1916 35
25 Daniel H. Beach 1917 36
26 Harry Schmitt 1918 37
27 George A. Bashford 1919 38
28 Daniel H. Beach 1920-1921 39 & 40
29 George A. Bashford 1922 41
30 Ambrose B. Kline 1923 42
31 Charles W. Wink 1924-1926 43-45
32 Ambrose B. Kline 1927-1928 46 & 47
33 Gustav Hummel, Jr. 1929-1931 48-50
34 Max A. Schoenwalder 1932-1933 51 & 52
35 Charles Schramm 1934-1939 53-58 Resigned in 1939.
36 Fred Edward Biertuempfel 1939-1973 Republican 59-93
37 Samuel Rabkin 1973 Republican 93 Finished Biertuempfel's term. Rabkin field named after him.
38 Anthony E. Russo 1974 Democrat 94
39 James C. Conlon 1975 Democrat 95
40 John S. Zimmerman 1976 Democrat 96
41 Edward Goodkin 1977 Democrat 97
42 James C. Conlon 1978-1980 Democrat 98 & 99
43 Edward Weber 1981 Democrat 100
44 James C. Conlon 1982 Democrat 101
45 Anthony E. Russo 1983 Democrat 102
46 1984 103
47 1985 104
48 1986 105
49 1987 106
50 1988 107
51 1989 108
52 1990 109
53 Anthony E. Russo 1991 Democrat 110
54 1992 111
55 1993 112
56 1994 113
57 1995 114
58 1996 115
59 1997 116
60 Anthony L. Terrezza 1998 Democrat 117
61 1999 118
62 2000 119
63 2001 120
64 2002 121
65 Brenda Restivo 2003 Democrat 122 First term. Union's first woman mayor.
66 Anthony L. Terrezza 2004 Democrat 123
67 Joseph Florio 2005 Democrat 124
68 Peter A. Capodice 2006 Democrat 125
69 Brenda Restivo 2007 Democrat 126 Second Term
70 Clifton People Jr. 2008 Democrat 127 Union's first African-American Mayor
71 Anthony L. Terrezza 2009 (Currently Mayor) Democrat 128


The Union Public School District serves students in preschool through grade twelve. The ten schools currently in operation (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics are six K-4 elementary schools — Battle Hill School (441 students), Hannah Caldwell School (541), Connecticut Farms Elementary School (457), Franklin School (536), Livingston School (447) and Washington School (569) — Central Five-Jefferson School for grade 5 (591), both Burnet Middle School (1,020) and Kawameeh Middle School for grades 6 though 8 (763) andUnion High Schoolmarker for grades nine through twelve (2,573).

The annual operating budget for the district is approximately 91 million dollars. The district employs 635 professional staff and 380 support personnel. The current enrollment of students in the district is 8,006.

Union was threatened with being the first town north of the Mason-Dixon Linemarker to suffer from penalties as a result of school segregation. The area of Vauxhall was primarily black and Jefferson Elementary School was disproportionately black compared to the rest of the town. Union avoided problems by converting Jefferson Elementary into a sixth-grade only school called Central 6 and bused the Jefferson students to nearby Franklin Elementary. Central 6 is still used as a one-year school, but it's used for fifth graders now.

Union is also home to Kean Universitymarker, several private nursery schools, two Roman Catholic elementary schools: St. Michael's and Holy Spirit, and The Deron School, a private school for learning disabled students ages 5–13.


Union Township was the site of the Battle of Connecticut Farms, one of the last battles between British and American forces during the American Revolutionary War. On June 6, 1780, British troops, led by Hessianmarker General Wilhelm von Knyphausen, boarded boats on Staten Islandmarker bound for Elizabethmarker, New Jerseymarker. At midnight, 5,000 troops started to land. They expected the Continental Army to give little resistance, believing that they were tired of the war and were poorly fed and paid. They also expected the citizens of New Jersey to welcome them. They were wrong on both counts and were unable to make their way to and through the Hobart Gap.


Union is traversed by a network of local and regional roadways including the Garden State Parkway, Interstate 78, U.S. Route 22, and Route 82 (Morris Avenue).

Unionmarker has an NJ Transit rail station on the Raritan Valley Line, (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad) which opened in 2003. NJ Transit also provides bus service to New York Citymarker and New Jersey points.

Former Rahway Valley Railroad freight line, now abandoned, crosses through Union. This line, presently licensed to Morristown & Erie Railroad, is in the process of revitalization after which it will link NJ Transit's Morris & Essex lines at Summit to Staten Island.

Newark Liberty International Airportmarker is approximately six miles east of Union.

Parts and Sections of Union

  • Five Points, Area around the junction of Galloping Hill Rd, Chestnut St, Salem Rd, Delaware Ave, Walton Ave, and Tucker Ave.

  • Brookside Heights (Curreyville), Area west of Vauxhall Road, past Tiffany's Bar & Restaurant

  • Vauxhall, Area of Union north of 1-78 and west of Stuyvesant Avenue. Aspirant to become own town, only getting as far as getting its own zip code 07088.

  • Union Center, Area around the intersection of Morris and Stuyvesant Avenues.

  • Putnam Manor, a wealthy section between Colonial Ave and Salem Road.

  • Orchard Park

  • Parkside Manor, a three road section off of Union Terrace, feature in the movie She Devil with Roseanne Barr.

  • Larchmont, area behind a church on Morris Avenue by Spruce Street.

  • Green Lane, new community between Kean University and Union Station.

  • Fairway Drive, community bordering the Galloping Hill Golf Course


  • Union is home to the tallest watersphere (a type of water tower) in the world (Another recently built tower in Edmund, Oklahoma is taller and holds more water, but is officially a "water spheroid", not a "water sphere"). The Union Watersphere, a local landmark and icon that has its own fan website [19025], stands 212 feet tall, holds 250,000 gallons of drinking water and is now also used as a cell phone tower.
  • Union is also home to several houses constructed totally of poured concrete, an experiment of Thomas Edison. The homes on Ingersoll Terrace include poured concrete interior walls with formed concrete plumbing.
  • Prior to World War II, Union was home to many supporters of Nazi Germany, who were organized enough to meet occasionally at a German bar. At least one home in Union, on Crawford Terrace, was confiscated from supposed German spies .
  • The area that is now Union was in the 18th Century called Connecticut Farms. The small farming village was the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Connecticut Farms that took place on June 7, 1780.
  • Was home to the Four Seasons Bowling Alley, which gained fame after a then unknown pop quartet were rejected for a gig there. They would later name themselves The Four Seasons after the bowling alley.
  • Union was the original home to the New Yorkmarker office and studios of Shadow Traffic.
  • Union is home to the Galloping Hill Inn, located at Five Points, whose renowned hot dogs and other "road food" has been featured on Food Network.
  • Union is home to a building in the shape of a ship at 2262 US Route 22. Originally restaurant and night club, it has changed ownership over the years, becoming a furniture store known as "The Flagship" and later The Wiz Home Electronics. It is currently a P. C. Richard & Son store [19026].
  • Union High School was used to shoot locker room scenes in Howard Stern's movie, Private Parts,
  • In the August 2008 issue of Money magazine, Union was voted 75th best place to live in its list of America's Best Small Cities.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Union Township include:

See also


External links

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