The Full Wiki

More info on Unitarian Party

Unitarian Party: Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Unitarianists (in Spanish, Unitarios) were the proponents of the concept of a centralized government in Buenos Airesmarker during the civil wars which shortly followed the Declaration of Independence of Argentina in 1816. They were opposed to the Argentine Federalists.

The Argentine War of Independence saw the forces of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata fighting Spanishmarker royalists who attempted to regain control of their American colonies after the Napoleonic Wars.

After the victorious May Revolution of 1810, disagreements arose between the dominant province of Buenos Airesmarker, who were known as Unitarianists, and the other provinces of Argentina, known as the Federalists. These were evident at least as early as the declaration of Argentine independence in 1816.

The Unitarianists lost their controlling power after the Battle of Cepeda , which was followed by several months of anarchy. However, the Unitarianists were forced to sign a treaty with other provinces. This did not solve the conflicts between the Federalists and the Unitarianists.

Under president Bernardino Rivadavia (1826-1827), the Unitarianists gained control for a short period of time. The Constitution of 1826 allowed for a balance between the ideas of the Unitarianists and the Federalists: “It provided for a centralized national authority while leaving the provinces with considerable local powers.” However, the constitution was rejected by provincial cuadillos, military leaders, and the conflict continued.

In 1829, the Liga Unitaria was created by General Jose Maria Paz in order to defeat the Federalists. The Gaucho Federalists faced Paz and his troops on May 31, 1831 and the Unitarianists were defeated after the Gauchos captured the Unitarianist commander.

Also in 1829, Juan Manuel de Rosas, the boss of a troop of Gaucho Federalists, became the first Federalist governor of Buenos Aires after defeating General Lavalle, who was then forced into exile. Although Rosas was a Federalist, his devotion to the principles of Federalism has often been questioned.

Afterward, many men (perhaps most notably, Juan Lavalle) attempted to defeat Rosas in what became a series of civil wars that lasted nearly two more decades. With support from other provinces, Justo José de Urquiza, caudillo of Entre Ríos Province, finally defeated Rosas at the Battle of Caseros on February 3, 1852. That May, the Pact of San Nocolás was signed by the provincial governors. The pact reinstated the treaty signed in 1831 by Argentina and the interior provinces and called for a constitutional convention.

In 1853, the Unitarianists of Buenos Aires broke away from the interior provinces after Urquiza nationalized customs receipts and allowed free flow of trade on the Parana and Uruguay rivers. In 1859, Buenos Aires was forced to accept the federal constitution of 1853 after six years of secession. This was because on October 23, Mitre was defeated at Cepeda by Urquiza. However, the federal constitution was “amended to allow Buenos Aires greater influence.” After the Battle of Pavón, Mitre was chosen president of a new national government.

Opposition to the Unitarianists continued until 1890 under the Córdoba League.

Argentine Unitarianism was a political grouping, not a religious one, and unrelated to religious Unitarianism.

References

  • "unitario" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 3  Nov.  2008  /search.eb.com/eb/article-9100157>.
  • "Cepeda, battles of" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 5  Nov.  2008  /search.eb.com/eb/article-9022115>.
  • Crow, John A. (1992) he Epic of Latin America. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-07723-2.



Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message