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United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: Map

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United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379, adopted on November 10, 1975 by a vote of 72 to 35 (with 32 abstentions), "determine[d] that Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination". The resolution is often referenced in debates of Zionism and racism. The resolution was revoked by Resolution 46/86 on December 16, 1991. In the history of the UN, this is the only resolution that has ever been revoked.

Background

The UN recommended a portion of the former British Mandate for Palestine to be allotted to the Jewish population at the time in the 1947 UN Partition Plan. During the 1947-1948 Civil War in Palestine, the UN Security Council passed Resolutions 42 (5 March 1948), 43 (1 Apr), 44 (1 Apr) and 46 (17 Apr), which recommended both sides of the conflict to "[r]efrain, pending the future government of Palestine ... from any political activity which might prejudice the rights, claims, or position of either community".

Throughout the 1950s and into the 1960s, the Security Council passed resolutions that condemned Israelmarker. After the Six-Day War, the Security Council passed several resolutions condemning Israel for treating Jerusalemmarker as its capital. Also, virtually every major Israeli military action after 1967 was condemned in various resolutions after 1967.

Paul Johnson and other historians argue that November 10, 1975 United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 that equated Zionism with racism was initiated by the USSRmarker, even though opponents of the USSR on the Council did not oppose the resolution. It was rescinded by the Resolution 4686 in December 1991, which coincided with the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The resolution of 1975

The full text of Resolution 3379:

The Israeli response

In his address to the United Nations General Assembly the same day, 10. November 1975, Israeli Ambassador Chaim Herzog stated:

In his response he also said that the resolution was:

Herzog ended his statement, while holding a document of the resolution, with these words: As he concluded his speech, Herzog tore the document in half.

Voting record

Voting record


Sponsored by: (25) Afghanistanmarker, Algeriamarker, Bahrainmarker, Cubamarker, Dahomey, Egyptmarker, Guineamarker, Iraqmarker, Jordanmarker, Kuwaitmarker, Lebanonmarker, Libyan Arab Republicmarker, Mauritaniamarker, Moroccomarker, North Yemenmarker, Omanmarker, Qatarmarker, Saudi Arabiamarker, Somaliamarker, South Yemen, Sudanmarker, Syrian Arab Republicmarker, Tunisiamarker, and United Arab Emiratesmarker.

Voted yes: (72) The 25 sponsoring nations above, and additionally 47 nations: Albaniamarker, Bangladeshmarker, Brazilmarker, Bulgariamarker, Burundimarker, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Cambodiamarker, Cameroonmarker, Cape Verdemarker, Chadmarker, People's Republic of Chinamarker, Congomarker, Cyprusmarker, Czechoslovakiamarker, Equatorial Guineamarker, Gambiamarker, German Democratic Republicmarker, Grenadamarker, Guinea-Bissaumarker, Guyanamarker, Hungarymarker, Indiamarker, Indonesiamarker, Iranmarker, Laosmarker, Madagascarmarker, Malaysiamarker, Maldivesmarker, Malimarker, Maltamarker, Mexicomarker, Mongoliamarker, Mozambiquemarker, Nigermarker, Nigeriamarker, Pakistanmarker, Polandmarker, Portugalmarker, Rwandamarker, São Tomé and Príncipemarker, Senegalmarker, Sri Lankamarker, Tanzania, Turkeymarker, Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republicsmarker.

Voted no: (35) Australia, Austriamarker, Bahamasmarker, Barbadosmarker, Belgiummarker, Canadamarker, Central African Republicmarker, Costa Ricamarker, Denmarkmarker, Dominican Republicmarker, El Salvadormarker, Fijimarker, Finlandmarker, Francemarker, Federal Republic of Germanymarker, Haitimarker, Hondurasmarker, Icelandmarker, Republic of Irelandmarker, Israelmarker, Italymarker, Ivory Coastmarker, Liberiamarker, Luxembourgmarker, Malawimarker, Netherlandsmarker, New Zealandmarker, Nicaraguamarker, Norwaymarker, Panamamarker, Swazilandmarker, Swedenmarker, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Irelandmarker, United States of Americamarker, Uruguaymarker.

Abstaining: (32) Argentinamarker, Bhutanmarker, Boliviamarker, Botswanamarker, Burmamarker, Chilemarker, Colombiamarker, Ecuadormarker, Ethiopiamarker, Gabonmarker, Ghanamarker, Greecemarker, Guatemalamarker, Jamaicamarker, Japanmarker, Kenyamarker, Lesothomarker, Mauritiusmarker, Nepalmarker, Papua New Guineamarker, Paraguaymarker, Perumarker, Philippinesmarker, Sierra Leonemarker, Singaporemarker, Thailandmarker, Togomarker, Trinidad and Tobagomarker, Upper Volta, Venezuelamarker, Zairemarker, Zambiamarker.

Aftermath

Israel made revocation of resolution 3379 a condition of its participation in the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991. Resolution 3379 was revoked in 1991 by UN General Assembly Resolution 4686.

In Campbell, Californiamarker, in the United Statesmarker, a group of high school students attempted to solicit signatures on the premises of a local shopping center for a petition against Resolution 3379. The result was the landmark U.S.marker Supreme Courtmarker decision in Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980).

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