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United Nations Security Council Resolution 1860 is a resolution that was intended to resolve the 2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict. It was approved by the United Nations Security Council with 14 member states supporting the resolution and one abstaining (the United States) on January 8, 2009, following 13 days of fighting between Israel and Hamas. Explaining the abstention, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the U.S. wanted to first see the outcome of the Egyptianmarker peace efforts, but allowed the resolution to go forward because it was a step in the right direction. It was later revealed that the abstention was ordered by U.S. President George W. Bush. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert has said that Bush was acting on his advice.

The Resolution called for “an immediate ceasefire in Gaza leading to a full Israeli withdrawal, unimpeded provision through Gaza of food, fuel and medical treatment, and intensified international arrangements to prevent arms and ammunition smuggling." All members stressed the importance of an "immediate and durable ceasefire".

Ultimately, the resolution was unsuccessful as both Israelmarker and Hamas ignored it and the fighting continued.


Concurred (14) Abstained (1) Dissented (0)

Impact and enforcement

Israelmarker's status as a member state of the United Nations means that it is bound under Article 25 of the United Nations Charter to "agree, accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council". It is generally accepted that Security Council resolutions adopted in the exercise of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace in accordance with the UN Charter are binding upon the member states.



In a statement released immediately after the Israeli cabinet session on January 9, the government stated it would not accept the UN resolution, declaring that "the IDF will continue to act in order to attain the objectives of the operation - to bring about a change in the security situation in the south of the country - this in accordance with the plans that have been approved upon embarking on the operation."In addition, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert called the resolution "unworkable" due to continued rocket fire by Hamas.


The same day, Ayman Taha, a Hamas spokesman in Gazamarker said: "Even though we are the main actors on the ground in Gaza, we were not consulted about this resolution and they have not taken into account our vision and the interests of our people."

See also


  1. The Independent - Bush ordered ceasefire retreat at UN
  5. United Nations Charter - Chapter V (Article 25)
  7. UN ceasefire call goes unheeded BBC News. Published January 9, 2009.

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