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The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justicemarker (see ) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. The Attorney General is considered to be the chief lawyer of the U.S. government. The Attorney General serves as a member of the President's Cabinet, but is the only cabinet department head who is not given the title Secretary, besides the now defunct Postmaster General.

The Attorney General is nominated by the President of the United States and takes office after confirmation by the United States Senate. He or she serves at the pleasure of the President and can be removed by the President at any time; the Attorney General is also subject to impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial in the Senate for "treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors."

The office of Attorney General was established by Congress by the Judiciary Act of 1789. The original duties of this officer were "to prosecute and conduct all suits in the Supreme Courtmarker in which the United Statesmarker shall be concerned, and to give his advice and opinion upon questions of law when required by the President of the United States, or when requested by the heads of any of the departments." Only in 1870 was the Department of Justicemarker established to support the Attorney General in the discharge of his responsibilities.

As of February 3, 2009, the current Attorney General is Eric Holder. He was confirmed on February 2. Holder is the 82nd Attorney General of the United States and the first African-American to hold the position.

List of Attorneys General

# Picture Name State of Residence Term of Office President served under
1 Edmund Randolph Virginiamarker September 26, 1789 January 26, 1794 George Washington
2 William Bradford Pennsylvaniamarker January 27, 1794 August 23, 1795
3 Charles Lee Virginiamarker December 10, 1795 February 19, 1801 George Washington,
John Adams
4 Levi Lincoln, Sr. Massachusettsmarker March 5, 1801 March 2, 1805 Thomas Jefferson
5 John Breckinridge Kentuckymarker August 7, 1805 December 14, 1806
6 Caesar A. Rodney Delawaremarker January 20, 1807 December 10, 1811 Thomas Jefferson,
James Madison
7 William Pinkney Marylandmarker December 11, 1811 February 9, 1814 James Madison
8 Richard Rush Pennsylvaniamarker February 10, 1814 November 12, 1817
9 William Wirt Virginiamarker November 13, 1817 March 4, 1829 James Monroe,
John Quincy Adams
10 John M. Berrien Georgiamarker March 9, 1829 July 19, 1831 Andrew Jackson
11 Roger B. Taney Marylandmarker July 20, 1831 November 14, 1833
12 Benjamin Franklin Butler New Yorkmarker November 15, 1833 July 4, 1838 Andrew Jackson,
Martin Van Buren
13 Felix Grundy Tennesseemarker July 5, 1838 January 10, 1840 Martin Van Buren
14 Henry D. Gilpin Pennsylvaniamarker January 11, 1840 March 4, 1841
15 John J. Crittenden Kentuckymarker March 5, 1841 September 12, 1841 William Harrison,
John Tyler
16 Hugh Swinton Legaré South Carolinamarker September 13, 1841 June 30, 1843 John Tyler
17 John Nelson Marylandmarker July 1, 1843 March 4, 1845
18 John Y. Mason Virginiamarker March 5, 1845 October 16, 1846 James Polk
19 Nathan Clifford Mainemarker October 17, 1846 March 17, 1848
20 Isaac Toucey Connecticutmarker June 21, 1848 March 4, 1849
21 Reverdy Johnson Marylandmarker March 8, 1849 July 21, 1850 Zachary Taylor
22 John J. Crittenden Kentuckymarker July 22, 1850 March 4, 1853 Millard Fillmore
23 Caleb Cushing Massachusettsmarker March 7, 1853 March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
24 Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvaniamarker March 6, 1857 December 16, 1860 James Buchanan
25 Edwin M. Stanton Ohiomarker December 20, 1860 March 4, 1861
26 Edward Bates Missourimarker March 5, 1861 November 24, 1864 Abraham Lincoln
27 James Speed Kentuckymarker December 2, 1864 July 22, 1866 Abraham Lincoln,
Andrew Johnson
28 Henry Stanberry Ohiomarker July 23, 1866 July 16, 1868 Andrew Johnson
29 William M. Evarts New Yorkmarker July 17, 1868 March 4, 1869
30 Ebenezer R. Hoar Massachusettsmarker March 5, 1869 November 22, 1870 Ulysses Grant
31 Amos T. Akerman Georgiamarker November 23, 1870 December 13, 1871
32 George Henry Williams Oregonmarker December 14, 1871 April 25, 1875
33 Edwards Pierrepont New Yorkmarker April 26, 1875 May 21, 1876
34 Alphonso Taft Ohiomarker May 22, 1876 March 4, 1877
35 Charles Devens Massachusettsmarker March 12, 1877 March 4, 1881 Rutherford Hayes
36 Wayne MacVeagh Pennsylvaniamarker March 5, 1881 December 15, 1881 James Garfield,
Chester Arthur
37 Benjamin H. Brewster Pennsylvaniamarker December 16, 1881 March 4, 1885 Chester Arthur
38 Augustus H. Garland Arkansasmarker March 6, 1885 March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
39 William Miller Indianamarker March 7, 1889 March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
40 Richard Olney Massachusettsmarker March 6, 1893 April 7, 1895 Grover Cleveland
41 Judson Harmon Ohiomarker April 8, 1895 March 4, 1897
42 Joseph McKenna Californiamarker March 5, 1897 January 25, 1898 William McKinley
43 John W. Griggs New Jerseymarker January 25, 1898 March 29, 1901
44 Philander C. Knox Pennsylvaniamarker April 5, 1901 June 30, 1904 William McKinley,
Theodore Roosevelt
45 William H. Moody Massachusettsmarker July 1, 1904 December 17, 1906 Theodore Roosevelt
46 Charles J. Bonaparte Marylandmarker December 17, 1906 March 4, 1909
47 George W. Wickersham New Yorkmarker March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 William Taft
48 James C. McReynolds New Yorkmarker March 5, 1913 August 29, 1914 Woodrow Wilson
49 Thomas Watt Gregory Texasmarker August 29, 1914 March 4, 1919
50 Alexander Mitchell Palmer Pennsylvaniamarker March 5, 1919 March 4, 1921
51 Harry M. Daugherty Ohiomarker March 4, 1921 April 6, 1924 Warren Harding,
Calvin Coolidge
52 Harlan F. Stone New Yorkmarker April 7, 1924 March 1, 1925 Calvin Coolidge
53 John G. Sargent Vermontmarker March 7, 1925 March 4, 1929
54 William D. Mitchell Minnesotamarker March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
55 Homer Stille Cummings Connecticutmarker March 4, 1933 January 1, 1939 Franklin Roosevelt
56 Frank Murphy Michiganmarker January 2, 1939 January 18, 1940
57 Robert H. Jackson New Yorkmarker January 18, 1940 August 25, 1941
58 Francis Biddle Pennsylvaniamarker August 26, 1941 June 26, 1945 Franklin Roosevelt,
Harry Truman
59 Tom C. Clark Texasmarker June 27, 1945 July 26, 1949 Harry Truman
60 J. Howard McGrath Rhode Islandmarker July 27, 1949 April 3, 1952
61 James P. McGranery Pennsylvaniamarker April 4, 1952 January 20, 1953
62 Herbert Brownell, Jr. New Yorkmarker January 21, 1953 October 23, 1957 Dwight Eisenhower
63 William P. Rogers New Yorkmarker October 23, 1957 January 20, 1961
64 Robert F. Kennedy Massachusettsmarker, New Yorkmarker January 20, 1961 September 3, 1964 John F. Kennedy,
Lyndon B.

Johnson
65 Nicholas Katzenbach Illinoismarker September 4, 1964
(as acting AG)
January 28, 1965
(as acting AG)
Lyndon Johnson
January 28, 1965 November 28, 1966
66 Ramsey Clark Texasmarker November 28, 1966
(as acting AG)
March 10, 1967
(as acting AG)
March 10, 1967 January 20, 1969
67 John N. Mitchell New Yorkmarker January 20, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
68 Richard Kleindienst Arizonamarker February 15, 1972 May 25, 1973
69 Elliot Richardson Massachusettsmarker May 25, 1973 October 20, 1973
70 William B. Saxbe Ohiomarker December 17, 1973 January 14, 1975 Richard Nixon,
Gerald Ford
71 Edward H. Levi Illinoismarker January 14, 1975 January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
72 Griffin Bell Georgiamarker January 26, 1977 August 16, 1979 Jimmy Carter
73 Benjamin Civiletti Marylandmarker August 16, 1979 January 19, 1981
74 William French Smith Californiamarker January 23, 1981 February 25, 1985 Ronald Reagan
75 Edwin Meese Californiamarker February 25, 1985 August 12, 1988
76 Dick Thornburgh Pennsylvaniamarker August 12, 1988 August 15, 1991 Ronald Reagan,
George H.

W.

Bush
77 William Barr New Yorkmarker August 16, 1991 November 26, 1991 George H. W. Bush
78 Janet Reno Floridamarker March 12, 1993 January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
79 John Ashcroft Missourimarker February 2, 2001 February 3, 2005 George W. Bush
80 Alberto Gonzales Texasmarker February 3, 2005 September 17, 2007
81 Michael Mukasey New Yorkmarker November 9, 2007 January 20, 2009
82 Eric Holder Washington, D.C.marker February 3, 2009 present Barack Obama


Living Former Attorneys General



See also



References

External links




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