United States Department of Education, also
referred to as ED or the ED for
(the) Education Department, is a Cabinet-level department of the
by the Department of Education
(Public Law 96-88), it was signed into law by
President Jimmy Carter
on October 17,
1979 and began operating on May 4, 1980.
The Department of Education Organization Act divided the Department
of Health, Education, and Welfare
into the Department of
Education and the Department
of Health and Human Services
. The Department of Education is
administered by the United States Secretary of
It is by far the smallest Cabinet-level department, with about
5,000 employees. The agency's official acronym is ED
, which refers to the United States Department of
Department of Education is to create programs to generate funds for
education and enforcement of privacy and civil rights laws.
On March 23, 2007, President George
signed into law H.R. 584,
which designates the ED Headquarters building as the Lyndon Baines Johnson
- Office of the Under
of the Deputy Secretary (ODS)
- Associated federal organizations
- Federally aided organizations
President Ronald Reagan
during the 1980 presidential
to eliminate the Department of Education as a cabinet
post, but he was not able to do so with a Democratic House of
. In the 1982 State of the Union
Address, he pledged:
Throughout the 1980s, the abolition of the Department of Education
was a part of the Republican Party platform, but the administration
of President George H. W. Bush
declined to implement this idea.
In 1996, the Republican Party made abolition of the Department a
cornerstone of their campaign promises, calling it an inappropriate
federal intrusion into local, state, and family affairs. The GOP
platform read: During his 1996 presidential run, Senator Bob Dole
promised, "We're going to cut out the
Department of Education."
In 2000, the Republican
passed a resolution to abolish the Department of
In 2008, presidential candidate Ron Paul
campaigned in part on an opposition to the Department.
No Child Left Behind
Under President George W. Bush
, the Department primarily focused on
elementary and secondary education, expanding its reach through the
"No Child Left Behind
The Department's budget increased 69.6% between 2002 and
As with other federal agencies, the ED operates with the assistance
of several advisory committees. The Federal Interagency Committee
on Education (FICE) is known in higher education for originating
the FICE code, the six-digit institutional identifier assigned to
each higher education (two-year and above) institution.
For 2006, the ED discretionary budget was US$56 billion and the
mandatory budget contained $23.4 billion. Currently, the budget is
$68.6 billion, according to the Dept. of Education website.
Cabinetmakers: Story of the Three-Year Battle to Establish the U.S.
Department of Education. Author: Robert V. Heffernan. 2001. ISBN: