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United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island: Map

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The United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island (in case citations, D.R.I.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Rhode Islandmarker. The District Court was created in 1790 when Rhode Island ratified the Constitution. The Federal Courthousemarker was built in 1908.

Appeals from the District of Rhode Island are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The United States Attorney for the District of Rhode Island represents the United Statesmarker in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is Robert Clark Corrente.

Legislative History

The United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island was established on June 23, 1790 by 1 Stat. 128. Congress authorized one judgeship for the Court, and assigned the district to the Eastern Circuit. On February 13, 1801, the outgoing lame duck Federalist-controlled Congress passed the controversial Judiciary Act of 1801 which reassigned the District of Rhode Island to the First Circuit.

The incoming Congress repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801, but in the Judiciary Act of 1802, Congress again assigned the District of Rhode Island to the First Circuit.

A second seat on the Court was created on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75. A third seat was added on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333.

Current Judges

There has been a single vacancy on the court since the decision of Ernest C. Torres to take Senior Status on December 1, 2006.

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
Mary M. Lisi Bill Clinton Incumbent
(Seat Vacant) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
William E. Smith George W. Bush Incumbent
Ronald Rene Lagueux Ronald Reagan Incumbent
Ernest C. Torres Ronald Reagan Incumbent


Current Magistrate Judges



Former Judges

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
David Leonard Barnes Thomas Jefferson death
Benjamin Bourne George Washington reappointment
Francis Joseph Boyle Jimmy Carter death
Arthur Lewis Brown Grover Cleveland retirement
Jonathan Russell Bullock Abraham Lincoln resignation
George Moulton Carpenter Chester A. Arthur death
LeBaron B. Colt James A. Garfield reappointment
Edward William Day Dwight D. Eisenhower death
John Patrick Hartigan Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointment
David Howell James Madison death
John Power Knowles Ulysses Grant retirement
Edward L. Leahy Harry S. Truman death
Ira Lloyd Letts Calvin Coolidge resignation
John Christopher Mahoney Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointment
Henry Marchant George Washington death
Raymond James Pettine Lyndon B. Johnson death
John Pitman James Monroe death
Bruce M. Selya Ronald Reagan reappointment


Notable cases

  • West v. Barnes (1791), the first case appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court

Notes

  1. http://www.uscourts.gov/judicialvac.cfm
  2. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 6, 1802, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1802, and received commission on January 26, 1802.
  3. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 21, 1796, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 22, 1796, and received commission on December 22, 1796.
  4. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1896, and received commission on December 15, 1896.
  5. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 11, 1954, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 9, 1954, and received commission on February 9, 1954.
  6. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1869, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 24, 1870, and received commission on January 24, 1870.
  7. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 4, 1928, and received commission on January 4, 1928.
  8. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 16, 1824, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 3, 1825, and received commission on January 3, 1825.


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