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The United States Hockey League (USHL) is the top junior ice hockey league in the United Statesmarker. The USHL has 14 member teams located in Midwestern United Statesmarker, consisting of players who are 20 years of age and younger. The USHL is strictly amateur, allowing former USHL players to compete in NCAA college hockey.

The Sioux Falls Stampede won the 2006-07 USHL championship in an expanded, 12-team playoff format. The league reverted to an 8-team divisional playoff format for the 2007-08 season.

The Indiana Ice won the 2008-09 Clark Cup championship, defeating the Fargo Force 3 games to 1 in the finals. The Ice defeated the Anderson Cup champion Green Bay Gamblers in the semi-finals.

History

The league was established in 1947 as the Minnesotamarker-based American Amateur Hockey League with teams in Minneapolismarker, Rochestermarker and St. Paulmarker. Since its debut, the league has progressed and changed its name several times. In 1952, it became the Minnesota Hockey League, and in 1956 the name was changed to the Central Hockey League. In 1961, it adopted its present identity-the United States Hockey League. The USHL was a semi-professional league until 1979.

The USHL welcomed the first female professional hockey player in 1969-70, when the Marquette Iron Rangers signed Karen Koch.

By the late 1970s, the USHL had fallen on hard times. In the summer of 1977, clubs from the recently folded Midwest Junior Hockey League contacted the USHL. A unique merger was formed, with the three junior teams (Bloomington Junior Stars, Austin Mavericks, St. Paul Vulcans) and three remaining pro teams (Sioux City Musketeers, Waterloo Black Hawks, Green Bay Bobcats) gathered under the USHL banner. League governors decided on a two-division format, with the junior-aged teams in the Midwest Division and the professionals in the U.S. Division. The teams played an interlocking schedule that was, predictably, dominated by the professionals. The USHL's split existence would last just two seasons. The minor-pro wing of the league folded following the 1978-79 season, providing junior hockey operators with the opportunity to redefine the circuit. The 1979-80 season was the league's first as an entirely junior arrangement.

Teams

Current teams

East Division
Team Founded City
Cedar Rapids RoughRiders 1999-00 Cedar Rapids, Iowamarker
Chicago Steel 2000-01 Bensenville, Illinoismarker
Green Bay Gamblers 1994-95 Green Bay, Wisconsinmarker
Indiana Ice 2004-05 Indianapolis, Indianamarker
Team USA 2009-10 Ann Arbor, Michiganmarker
Waterloo Black Hawks 1962-63 Waterloo, Iowamarker
Youngstown Phantoms 2009-10 Youngstown, Ohiomarker
West Division
Team Founded City
Des Moines Buccaneers 1980-81 Urbandale, Iowamarker
Fargo Force 2008-09 Fargo, North Dakotamarker
Lincoln Stars 1996-97 Lincoln, Nebraskamarker
Omaha Lancers 1986-87 Omaha, Nebraskamarker
Sioux City Musketeers 1972-73 Sioux City, Iowamarker
Sioux Falls Stampede 1999-00 Sioux Falls, South Dakotamarker
Tri-City Storm 2000-01 Kearney, Nebraskamarker
USHL team locations.


Defunct Junior Teams

Team City Years
Austin Mavericks Austin, Minnesotamarker 1977-1985
Danville Wings Danville, Illinoismarker 2003-2004
Dubuque Fighting Saints Dubuque, Iowamarker 1980-2001
Fargo-Moorhead Bears Fargo, North Dakotamarker 1995-1996
Fargo-Moorhead Ice Sharks Fargo, North Dakotamarker 1996-2000
Green Bay Bobcats Green Bay, Wisconsinmarker 1958-1981
Hennepin Nordiques Minneapolis, Minnesotamarker 1979-1980
Minneapolis Stars Minneapolismarker/Bloomington, Minnesotamarker 1977-1985
North Iowa Huskies Mason City, Iowamarker 1983-1999
Ohio Junior Blue Jackets Columbus, Ohiomarker 2006-2008
Rochester Mustangs Rochester, Minnesotamarker 1985-2002
St. Louis Heartland Eagles Chesterfield, Missourimarker 2003-2004
St. Paul/Twin Cites Vulcans St. Paulmarker/Bloomington, Minnesotamarker 1979-2000
Thunder Bay Flyers Thunder Baymarker, Ontariomarker 1984-2000
Topeka ScareCrows Topeka, Kansasmarker 2001-2003
Tulsa Crude Tulsa, Oklahomamarker 2001-2002
Madison/Wisconsin Capitols Madison, Wisconsinmarker 1984-1995


Defunct Semi-Pro Teams

Team City Years
Central Wisconsin Flyers Stevens Point, Wisconsinmarker 1974-1976
Chicago Warriors Chicago, Illinoismarker 1972-1975
Copper-Country Chiefs Calumet, Michiganmarker 1972-1976
Des Moines Oak Leafs Urbandale, Iowamarker 1961-1963 (transferred to IHL)
Fox Valley Astros Dundee, Illinoismarker 1965-1966
Grand-Rapids Blades Grand Rapids, Michiganmarker 1976-1977
Grand-Rapids Bruins Grand Rapids, Minnesotamarker 1968-1969
Madison Blues Madison, Wisconsinmarker 1973-1974 (transferred to CHL)
Marquette Iron Rangers Marquette, Michiganmarker 1964-1976
Milwaukee Admirals Milwaukee, Wisconsinmarker 1973-1977 (transferred to IHL)
Milwaukee Metros Milwaukee, Wisconsinmarker 1961-1962
Minneapolis Rebels Minneapolis, Minnesotamarker 1961-1962
Minnesota Nationals Saint Paul, Minnesotamarker 1967-1968 (U.S. 1968 Olympic team)
Rochester Mustangs Rochester, Minnesotamarker 1947-1970
Thunder Bay Twins Thunder Baymarker, Ontariomarker 1970-1975 (transferred to OHA)
Traverse City Bays Traverse City, Michiganmarker 1975-1977
Saint Paul Steers Saint Paul, Minnesotamarker 1962-1966
Sault Ste. Marie Canadians Sault Ste.marker Marie, Ontariomarker 1968-1973


Timeline of teams

  • 1979-80 The USHL becomes an all-junior league with seven teams in two divisions. North Division: Hennepin Nordiques, Bloomington Jr. Stars, Green Bay Bobcats, and St. Paul Vulcans. South Division: Austin Mavericks, Sioux City Musketeers, and Waterloo Black Hawks.
  • 1980-81 Des Moines Buccaneers enter the league. Waterloo Black Hawks move to Dubuque and become the Fighting Saints. Hennepin Nordiques move to Waterloo and become the Black Hawks. North Division: Austin, Bloomington, Green Bay, and St. Paul. South Division: Des Moines, Dubuque, Sioux City, and Waterloo.
  • 1981-82 Green Bay folds. The remaining seven teams merge into one division.
  • 1983-84 North Iowa Huskies enter league.
  • 1984-85 Madison Capitols and Thunder Bay Flyers enter league. Bloomington changes name to Minneapolis Stars.
  • 1985-86 Minneapolis folds. Austin relocates to Rochester and renamed Mustangs.
  • 1986-87 Omaha Lancers enter league.
  • 1991-92 Madison changes name to Wisconsin Capitols.
  • 1994-95 Green Bay Gamblers enter league.
  • 1995-96 Wisconsin folds. Fargo-Moorhead Bears enter league. St. Paul changes name to Twin Cities Vulcans.
  • 1996-97 Fargo-Moorhead Bears disband. Fargo-Moorhead Ice Sharks enter league. Lincoln Stars enter league. League returns to divisional play. North Division: Fargo-Moorhead, Green Bay, North Iowa, Rochester, Thunder Bay, Twin Cities. South Division: Des Moines, Dubuque, Lincoln, Omaha, Sioux City, Waterloo.
  • 1997-98 USA Hockey National Team Development Program plays 24-game schedule in the USHL.
  • 1998-99 USHL agrees to play full-season schedule with the USA Hockey National Team Development Program as part of a two-year agreement. League moves to three-division format. East Division: Dubuque, Green Bay, Team USA, and Waterloo. Central Division: Des Moines, North Iowa, Rochester, Thunder Bay, and Twin Cities. West Division: Fargo-Moorhead, Lincoln, Omaha, and Sioux City.
  • 1999-00 Sioux Falls Stampede enters league. North Iowa relocates to Cedar Rapids and renamed the RoughRiders. League moves to two-division format. West Division: Des Moines, Fargo-Moorhead, Lincoln, Omaha, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, Twin Cities. East Division: Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, Green Bay, Rochester, Thunder Bay, USA Development, Waterloo.
  • 2000-01 Thunder Bay ceases operations. Fargo-Moorhead moves to Bensenville, IL and becomes the Chicago Steel. Twin Cities relocates to Kearney, NE and is renamed the Tri-City Storm. Team USA plays 34-game league schedule.
  • 2001-02 Dubuque Fighting Saints relocate to Tulsa, Oklahoma and become the Tulsa Crude. Topeka, KS gains an expansion team called the Topeka ScareCrows.
  • 2002-03 Rochester ceases operations. Tulsa ceases operations. Omaha relocates to Council Bluffs, Ia., and changes its name to the River City Lancers.
  • 2003-04 Danville Wings enter the league. Topeka moves to St. Louis and becomes the Heartland Eagles.
  • 2004-05 Danville moves to Indianapolis and becomes the Indiana Ice. St. Louis granted one-year suspension of operations.
  • 2005-06 River City Lancers change name back to Omaha Lancers.
  • 2006-07 Ohio Jr. Blue Jackets join the league after purchasing the membership of the former Thunder Bay Flyers.
  • 2007-08 Ohio Jr. Blue Jackets cease operations at the conclusion of the season.
  • 2008-09 Fargo Force will begin operations.
  • 2009-10 United States National Development Team (Team USA) will re-join league as fully competitive member. Youngstown Phantoms expansion team added.
  • 2010-11 Dubuque Thunderbirds move into USHL from CSHL


Awards

Anderson Cup (Regular Season) Champions

Year Team
1979-80 Hennepin Nordiques
1980-81 Dubuque Fighting Saints
1981-82 Sioux City Musketeers
1982-83 Dubuque Fighting Saints
1983-84 St. Paul Vulcans
1984-85 Austin Mavericks
1985-86 Sioux City Musketeers
1986-87 Rochester Mustangs
1987-88 Thunder Bay Flyers
1988-89 Thunder Bay Flyers
1989-90 Omaha Lancers
1990-91 Thunder Bay Flyers
1991-92 Thunder Bay Flyers
1992-93 Omaha Lancers
1993-94 Des Moines Buccaneers
1994-95 Des Moines Buccaneers
1995-96 Green Bay Gamblers
1996-97 Green Bay Gamblers
1997-98 Des Moines Buccaneers
1998-99 Des Moines Buccaneers
1999-00 Lincoln Stars
2000-01 Lincoln Stars
2001-02 Omaha Lancers
2002-03 Lincoln Stars
2003-04 Tri-City Storm
2004-05 Cedar Rapids RoughRiders

Omaha Lancers
2005-06 Sioux Falls Stampede
2006-07 Waterloo Black Hawks
2007-08 Omaha Lancers
2008-09 Green Bay Gamblers


Clark Cup (Playoff) Champions

Year Team
1979-80 Hennepin Nordiques
1980-81 Dubuque Fighting Saints
1981-82 Sioux City Musketeers
1982-83 Dubuque Fighting Saints
1983-84 St. Paul Vulcans
1984-85 Dubuque Fighting Saints
1985-86 Sioux City Musketeers
1986-87 Rochester Mustangs
1987-88 Thunder Bay Flyers
1988-89 Thunder Bay Flyers
1989-90 Omaha Lancers
1990-91 Omaha Lancers
1991-92 Des Moines Buccaneers
1992-93 Omaha Lancers
1993-94 Omaha Lancers
1994-95 Des Moines Buccaneers
1995-96 Green Bay Gamblers
1996-97 Lincoln Stars
1997-98 Omaha Lancers
1998-99 Des Moines Buccaneers
1999-00 Green Bay Gamblers
2000-01 Omaha Lancers
2001-02 Sioux City Musketeers
2002-03 Lincoln Stars
2003-04 Waterloo Black Hawks
2004-05 Cedar Rapids RoughRiders
2005-06 Des Moines Buccaneers
2006-07 Sioux Falls Stampede
2007-08 Omaha Lancers
2008-09 Indiana Ice


1961-1979 Season Champions (Semi-Pro)

Year Team
1961-62 Rochester Mustangs
1962-63 Green Bay Bobcats
1963-64 Waterloo Black Hawks
1964-65 Waterloo Black Hawks
1965-66 Waterloo Black Hawks
1966-67 Waterloo Black Hawks
1967-68 Waterloo Black Hawks
1968-69 Marquette Iron Rangers
1969-70 Marquette Iron Rangers
1970-71 Marquette Iron Rangers
1971-72 Green Bay Bobcats
1972-73 Thunder Bay Twins
1973-74 Thunder Bay Twins
1974-75 Waterloo Black Hawks
1975-76 Milwaukee Admirals
1976-77 Grand-Rapids Blades
1977-78 Waterloo Black Hawks
1978-79 Waterloo Black Hawks


Alumni



Selections in the top three rounds of the 2009 NHL Entry Draft


Selections in the top three rounds of the 2008 NHL Entry Draft


League records

Team

  • Most points in a season – 97 by Des Moines Buccaneers in 1998–99 season.
  • Most wins in a season – 48 by Des Moines Buccaneers in 1998–99 season.
  • Most losses in a season – 48 by Omaha Lancers in 1986–87 season.
  • Longest winning streak - 19 by Des Moines Buccaneers between November 1, 1998 and January 6, 1999.


Individual

  • Most points in a season - 135 by Tim Ferguson of Sioux City Musketeers in 1985–86 season.
  • Most goals in a season – 67 by Rod Taylor of Sioux City Musketeers in 1985–86 season.
  • Most assists in a season - 79 by Tim Ferguson of Sioux City Musketeers in 1985–86 season.
  • Most PIMs in a season – 316 by Chad Stauffacher of Green Bay Gamblers in 1996–97 season.


See also



References

  1. http://www.hockeydb.com/ihdb/stats/leagues/seasons/aahl19521948.html
  2. http://www.marquetteironrangers.com/hhh.htm
  3. www.marquetteironrangers.com
  4. http://www.ushl.com/about/history.cfm
  5. Santa's Village by Phillip L. Wenz, Published by Arcadia Publishing, 2007 ISBN 0738541494, 9780738541495
  6. http://www.murraywilliamson.org/Pages/1968.aspx
  • USHL 2006-07 Media Guide


External links




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