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The United States House Committee on Insular Affairs is a defunct committee of the U.S. House of Representatives.

The Treaty of Paris, signed on December 10, 1898, officially concluded the Spanish-American War. According to the provisions of the treaty, Spainmarker ceded the Philippine Islandsmarker, Puerto Rico and Guammarker to the United Statesmarker, and relinquished her sovereignty over Cubamarker. On January 1, 1899, the Spanish evacuated Cuba, and control of the island was assumed by a military governor who represented the United States. On December 8, 1899, the U.S. House established the Committee on Insular Affairs to consider "all matters (excepting those affecting the revenue and appropriations) pertaining to the islands which came to the United States through the treaty of 1899 with Spain, and to Cuba."

Just 6 days earlier, on December 6, 1899, the United States had acquired exclusive rights to certain islands in Samoamarker through an agreement with Englandmarker and Germanymarker. Subsequently, matters relating to American Samoamarker also came within the committee's jurisdiction. In 1902 the Republic of Cubamarker was established, and jurisdiction over matters concerning Cuba was transferred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs in 1906. Eventually, the jurisdiction of the Committee on Insular Affairs was expanded to cover the United States Virgin Islandsmarker which were purchased from Denmarkmarker by the treaty in 1916. In 1946 the committee was abolished and its responsibilities transferred to the Committee on Public Lands.


  1. Asher C. Hinds. Hinds' Precedents of the House of Representatives of the United States (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907), vol. 4, p. 789.

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