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United States Minor Outlying Islands: Map

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Map showing the location of the islands in the Pacific Ocean (highlighted with red boxes)
The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code, consists of eleven United Statesmarker insular areasmarker in the central Pacific Oceanmarker.

Palmyra Atollmarker is the only incorporated territory. As of 2008, none of the islands has any permanent residents. The only human population consists of temporarily stationed scientific and military personnel. The 2000 census counted 315 people on Johnston Atollmarker and 1 person on Wake Islandmarker. There has been no modern indigenous population, except at the 1940 census. The Baker, Howland and Jarvis Colonization Scheme attempted to settle Americans on those three islands beginning in 1935, but all three islands were evacuated in 1942 as a result of World War II.

The islands are grouped together as a statistical convenience. They are not administered collectively, nor do they share a single cultural or political history beyond being uninhabited islands under the sovereignty of the United States.

They are collectively represented by the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code UM. The individual islands have ISO 3166-2 numerical codes, see ISO 3166-2:UM.The Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) ".um" has historically been assigned to the islands; however, the .um ccTLD was retired in January 2007.

The ISO introduced the term "United States Minor Outlying Islands" in 1986. From 1974 until 1986, five of the islands (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef) were grouped under the term United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands, with ISO 3166 code PU. The code of Midway Atoll was MI, the code of Johnston Atoll was JT, and the code of Wake Island was WK.

Airports

ICAOmarker (IATA) codes:

Ports

Three of the islands are listed with ports in the World Port Index, with World Port Number:
  • 56325 JOHNSTON ATOLL - Johnston Atoll
  • 56328 MIDWAY ISLAND - Midway Atoll
  • 56330 WAKE ISLAND - Wake Island
  • not listed WEST LAGOON - Palmyra Atoll


Baker Island, Howland Island and Jarvis Island have a small boat landing place on each. Kingman Reef and Navassa Island have offshore anchorage only.

Islands


Atoll/Island Island Areakm² Lagoonkm² Coordinates NWRestablished date ofacquisition
Northern Pacific Oceanmarker, scattered isolated islands
Wake Islandmarker1 7.4 6 N/A 1899-01-17
Johnston Atollmarker2 2.52 130 N/A 1859-09-06
Northern Pacific Ocean, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Midway Atollmarker 5.18 40 1998 1867-08-28
Central Pacific Ocean, Northern Line Islandsmarker
Kingman Reefmarker 0.01 76 2001-01-18 1860-02-08
Palmyra Atollmarker2 6.56 15 2001-01-18 1912-02-21
Central Pacific Ocean, Central Line Islandsmarker
Jarvis Islandmarker 4.45 - 1974 1856-10-28
Central Pacific Ocean, Northern Phoenix Islands
Baker Islandmarker 1.24 - 1974 1856-10-28
Howland Islandmarker 1.62 - 1974 1856-10-28
Caribbean Seamarker
Navassa Islandmarker3 5.2 - 1999-09-30 1858-10-31
Bajo Nuevo Bankmarker4 0.02 155 N/A 1869-11-22
Serranilla Bankmarker4 0.02 1200 N/A 1879-09-081880-09-13
U.S. Minor Outlying Islands 34.2 267      
1 claimed by the Marshall Islandsmarker
2 previously claimed by Hawaiimarker when independent. Palmyra was officially part of Hawaii until 1959.
3 claimed by Haitimarker
4These islands are disputed with Colombiamarker, Jamaicamarker and Nicaraguamarker. Their areas are not included in the totals. Only one U.S. Government online resource lists these islands in the context of the USMOI. According to this source, these islands are actively patrolled by the United States Coast Guard.


See also



References

  1. US Census 2000 Population Summary — see Table I
  2. Purdue University E-Archives : Search Results
  3. FAQs.org
  4. NGA.mil
  5. Page 39 states "Currently, the United States conducts maritime law enforcement operations in and around Serranilla Bank and Bajo Nuevo consistent with U.S. sovereignty claims."


External links




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