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The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.
The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commercemarker concerned with business and industry; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce." Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labormarker, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.

The Office of the Secretary contains a Deputy Secretary of Commerce, a Chief of Staff, a Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy, an Assistant Secretary for Commerce and Intergovernmental Affairs, a Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for Administration, a Chief Information Officer, a General Counsel, an Inspector General, an Office of Business Liaison, an Office of Policy and Strategic Planning, an Office of Public Affairs, an Office of White House Liaison, and an International IPR Enforcement Coordinator.

The current Secretary of Commerce is former Washingtonmarker Governor Gary Locke, who was nominated for the post by President Barack Obama on February 25, 2009, and was confirmed by the United States Senate by unanimous consent on March 24, 2009.

Locke is President Obama's third choice for the post following New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson, who dropped out of consideration in early January 2009, and Republican Senator Judd Gregg from New Hampshiremarker, who withdrew his nomination in February 2009.

Locke is the first Chinese American Secretary of Commerce, and the third Asian American in Obama's cabinet, joining Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Veteran Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki, the most of any administration in United Statesmarker history.

Prior to Locke's confirmation, the most-recent Senate confirmed Commerce Secretary was Carlos Gutierrez, whose January 20, 2009, resignation coincided with the end of President George W. Bush's administration.

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce in charge of Administration
  9. Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs


List of Secretaries of Commerce

The following is a list of Secretaries of Commerce

No. Picture Secretary State of residence Start of Term End of Term President
1 William C. Redfield New Yorkmarker March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2 Joshua W. Alexander Missourimarker December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3 Herbert Hoover Californiamarker March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4 William F. Whiting Massachusettsmarker August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
5 Robert P. Lamont Illinoismarker March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert Hoover
6 Roy D. Chapin Michiganmarker August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7 Daniel C. Roper South Carolinamarker March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin Roosevelt
8 Harry Hopkins New Yorkmarker December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9 Jesse H. Jones Texasmarker September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10 Henry A. Wallace Iowamarker March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946 Franklin Roosevelt
Harry S.

Truman
11 W. Averell Harriman New Yorkmarker October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948 Harry S. Truman
12 Charles W. Sawyer Ohiomarker May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13 Sinclair Weeks Massachusettsmarker January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Lewis Strauss
(Acting Secretary)
November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14 Frederick H. Mueller Michiganmarker June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15 Luther H. Hodges North Carolinamarker January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon Johnson
16 John T. Connor New Jerseymarker January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967 Lyndon Johnson
17 Alexander Trowbridge New Yorkmarker January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18 C. R. Smith New Yorkmarker March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19 Maurice Stans New Yorkmarker January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20 Peter Peterson Illinoismarker February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21 Frederick B. Dent South Carolinamarker February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975 Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
22 Rogers Morton Marylandmarker May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976 Gerald Ford
23 Elliot Richardson Massachusettsmarker February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24 Juanita M. Kreps North Carolinamarker January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
- Luther H. Hodges, Jr (Acting) October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25 Philip Klutznick Illinoismarker January 9, 1980 January 19, 1981
26 Howard M. Baldrige, Jr. Connecticutmarker January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
- Clarence J. Brown Jr. (Acting) Ohiomarker July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27 William Verity, Jr. Ohiomarker October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28 Robert Mosbacher Texasmarker January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
- Rockwell A. Schnabel (Acting) January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29 Barbara Franklin Pennsylvaniamarker February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30 Ron Brown New Yorkmarker January 22, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
31 Mickey Kantor Californiamarker April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32 William M. Daley Illinoismarker January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
- Robert L. Mallett (Acting) July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33 Norman Mineta Californiamarker July 21, 2000 January 19, 2001
34 Donald Evans Texasmarker January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35 Carlos Gutierrez Floridamarker February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
- Otto Wolff (Acting) January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36 Gary Locke Washingtonmarker March 26, 2009 Present


Living former Secretaries of Commerce



See also



References


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