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The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interiormarker.

The US Department of the Interior should not be confused with the concept of Ministries of the Interior as used in other countries. Ministries of the Interior correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Securitymarker in the US cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justicemarker.

The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States, the Secretary of the Interior typically comes from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The Secretary of the Interior is eighth in the United States presidential line of succession.

The current Secretary of the Interior under Barack Obama's administration is former Senator Ken Salazar of Coloradomarker.

Secretaries of the Interior

# Picture Name State of Residence Took office Left office President served under
1 Thomas Ewing Ohiomarker March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
2 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan Pennsylvaniamarker August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850 Millard Fillmore
3 Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart Virginiamarker September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 Robert McClelland Michiganmarker March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 Jacob Thompson Mississippimarker March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 Caleb Blood Smith Indianamarker March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John Palmer Usher Indianamarker January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
8 James Harlan Iowamarker May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville Hickman Browning Illinoismarker September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869
10 Jacob Dolson Cox Ohiomarker March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 Columbus Delano Ohiomarker November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
12 Zachariah Chandler Michiganmarker October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
13 Carl Schurz Missourimarker March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowamarker March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
15 Henry Moore Teller Coloradomarker April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
16 Lucius Q.C. Lamar Mississippimarker March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 William Freeman Vilas Wisconsinmarker January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
18 John Willock Noble Missourimarker March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 M. Hoke Smith Georgiamarker March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 David Rowland Francis Missourimarker September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
21 Cornelius Newton Bliss New Yorkmarker March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 Ethan Allen Hitchcock Missourimarker February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
23 James Rudolph Garfield Ohiomarker March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft
24 Richard Achilles Ballinger Washingtonmarker March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 Walter Lowrie Fisher Illinoismarker March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
26 Franklin Knight Lane Californiamarker March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
27 John Barton Payne Illinoismarker March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
28 Albert Bacon Fall New Mexicomarker March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 Hubert Work Coloradomarker March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
30 Roy Owen West Illinoismarker July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
31 Ray Lyman Wilbur Californiamarker March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 Harold LeClair Ickes Illinoismarker March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
33 Julius Albert Krug Wisconsinmarker March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949 Harry S. Truman
34 Oscar Littleton Chapman Coloradomarker December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
35 Douglas McKay Oregonmarker January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
36 Fred Andrew Seaton Nebraskamarker June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
37 Stewart Lee Udall Arizonamarker January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
38 Walter J. Hickel Alaskamarker January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
39 Rogers Clark Ballard Morton Marylandmarker January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
40 Stanley K. Hathaway Wyomingmarker June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975 Gerald Ford
41 Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakotamarker October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
42 Cecil D. Andrus Idahomarker January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
43 James G. Watt Coloradomarker January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
44 William Patrick Clark Californiamarker November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
45 Donald Paul Hodel Oregonmarker February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
46 Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexicomarker February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
47 Bruce Babbitt Arizonamarker January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
48 Gale Ann Norton Coloradomarker January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006 George W. Bush
49 Dirk Kempthorne Idahomarker May 29, 2006 January 20, 2009
50 Ken Salazar Coloradomarker January 20, 2009 Present Barack Obama


Living former Secretaries of the Interior



See also



References



External links




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