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The United Statesmarker Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) is the civilian head of the Department of the Navy. The position was a member of the President's Cabinet until 1947, when the Navy, Army, and newly created Air Force were placed in the Department of Defensemarker and the Secretary of the Navy was placed under the Secretary of Defense. The position of Secretary of the Navy is filled by appointment of the Executive Branch and requires confirmation by a majority vote of the Senate.

Responsibilities

The Secretary of the Navy is responsible for, and has the authority under Title 10 of the United States Code, to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Navy, including: recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping, training, mobilizing, and demobilizing. The Secretary also oversees the construction, outfitting, and repair of naval ships, equipment and facilities. SECNAV is responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies and programs that are consistent with the national security policies and objectives established by the President and the Secretary of Defense.

The Department of the Navy consists of two Uniformed Services: the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps. Whenever the Coast Guard operates as a service in the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy has the same powers and duties with respect to the Coast Guard as the Secretary of Homeland Security when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.

The Navy Secretary

The Office of the Secretary of the Navy and its subordinate officials are known collectively as the Navy Secretariat. Other members of the Secretariat include the Undersecretary of the Navy, the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy (ASN), the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy, the Judge Advocate General of the Navy, the Naval Inspector General, the Chief of Legislative Affairs, and the Chief of Naval Research. The Office of the Secretary of the Navy has sole responsibility within the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Headquarters of the Marine Corps for acquisition, auditing, financial and information management, legislative affairs, public affairs, research, and development.

Secretaries of the Navy

Continental Congress

Picture Name Term of Office
Joseph Hewes 1776–1778


Cabinet

No. Picture Name State Term of Office Served under
1 Benjamin Stoddert Marylandmarker June 18, 1798–March 31, 1801 John Adams
2 Robert Smith Marylandmarker July 27, 1801 - March 4, 1809 Thomas Jefferson
3 Paul Hamilton South Carolinamarker May 15, 1809–December 31, 1812 James Madison
4 William Jones Pennsylvaniamarker January 19, 1813–December 1, 1814
5 Benjamin Williams Crowninshield Massachusettsmarker January 16, 1815–September 30, 1818 James Madison, James Monroe
6 Smith Thompson New Yorkmarker January 1, 1819–August 31, 1823 James Monroe
7 Samuel Lewis Southard New Jerseymarker September 16, 1823–March 4, 1829 James Monroe, John Quincy Adams
8 John Branch North Carolinamarker March 9, 1829–May 12, 1831 Andrew Jackson
9 Levi Woodbury New Hampshiremarker May 23, 1831–June 30, 1834
10 Mahlon Dickerson New Jerseymarker July 1, 1834–June 30, 1838 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
11 James Kirke Paulding New Yorkmarker July 1, 1838–March 4, 1841 Martin Van Buren
12 George Edmund Badger North Carolinamarker March 6, 1841–September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison, John Tyler
13 Abel Parker Upshur Virginiamarker October 11, 1841–July 23, 1843 John Tyler
14 David Henshaw Massachusettsmarker July 24, 1843–February 18, 1844
15 Thomas Walker Gilmer Virginiamarker February 19, 1844–February 28, 1844
16 John Young Mason Virginiamarker March 26, 1844–March 4, 1845
17 George Bancroft Massachusettsmarker March 11, 1845–September 9, 1846 James Knox Polk
18 John Young Mason Virginiamarker September 10, 1846–March 4, 1849
19 William Ballard Preston Virginiamarker March 8, 1849–July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20 William Alexander Graham North Carolinamarker August 2, 1850–July 25, 1852 Millard Fillmore
21 John Pendleton Kennedy Marylandmarker July 26, 1852–March 4, 1853
22 James Cochran Dobbin North Carolinamarker March 8, 1853–March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
23 Isaac Toucey Connecticutmarker March 7, 1857–March 4, 1861 James Buchanan
24 Gideon Welles Connecticutmarker March 7, 1861–March 4, 1869 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
25 Adolph Edward Borie Pennsylvaniamarker March 9, 1869–June 25, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 George Maxwell Robeson New Jerseymarker June 26, 1869–March 4, 1877
William Faxon March 4, 1877–March 13, 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes
27 Richard Wigginton Thompson Indianamarker March 13, 1877–December 20, 1880
28 Nathan Goff, Jr. West Virginiamarker January 7, 1881–March 4, 1881
29 William Henry Hunt Louisianamarker March 7, 1881–April 16, 1882 James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
30 William Eaton Chandler New Hampshiremarker April 16, 1882–March 4, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
31 William Collins Whitney New Yorkmarker March 7, 1885–March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
32 Benjamin Franklin Tracy New Yorkmarker March 6, 1889–March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
33 Hilary Abner Herbert Alabamamarker March 7, 1893–March 4, 1897 Grover Cleveland
34 John Davis Long Massachusettsmarker March 6, 1897–April 30, 1902 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
35 William Henry Moody Massachusettsmarker May 1, 1902–June 30, 1904 Theodore Roosevelt
36 Paul Morton July 1, 1904–June 30, 1905
37 Charles Joseph Bonaparte Marylandmarker July 1, 1905–December 16, 1906
38 Victor Howard Metcalf Californiamarker December 17, 1906–November 30, 1908
39 Truman Handy Newberry Michiganmarker December 1, 1908–March 4, 1909
40 George von Lengerke Meyer Massachusettsmarker March 6, 1909–March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
41 Josephus Daniels North Carolinamarker March 5, 1913–March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
42 Edwin Denby Michiganmarker March 6, 1921–March 10, 1924 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. New Yorkmarker March 10, 1924–March 19, 1924 Calvin Coolidge
43 Curtis Dwight Wilbur Californiamarker March 19, 1924–March 4, 1929
44 Charles Francis Adams III Massachusettsmarker March 5, 1929–March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
45 Claude Augustus Swanson Virginiamarker March 4, 1933–July 7, 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
46 Charles Edison New Jerseymarker July 7, 1939–January 2, 1940
January 2, 1940–June 24, 1940
Lewis Compton June 24, 1940–July 11, 1940
47 William Franklin Knox Illinoismarker July 11, 1940–April 28, 1944
Ralph A. Bard April 28, 1944–May 19, 1944
48 James Vincent Forrestal New Yorkmarker May 19, 1944–September 17, 1947 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S Truman


Secretaries of the Navy (Department of Defense)

No. Picture Name Term of Office Served under
1 John L. Sullivan September 18, 1947–May 24, 1949 Harry S. Truman
2 Francis P. Matthews May 25, 1949–July 31, 1951
3 Dan A. Kimball July 31, 1951–January 20, 1953
4 Robert B. Anderson February 4, 1953–March 3, 1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower
5 Charles S. Thomas May 3, 1954–April 1, 1957
6 Thomas S. Gates April 1, 1957–June 8, 1959
7 William B. Franke June 8, 1959–January 19, 1961
8 John B. Connally, Jr January 25, 1961–December 20, 1961 John F. Kennedy
9 Fred Korth January 4, 1962–November 1, 1963
Paul B. Fay November 2, 1963–November 28, 1963 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
10 Paul H. Nitze November 29, 1963–June 30, 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Charles F. Baird July 1, 1967–August 31, 1967
11 Paul R. Ignatius September 1, 1967–January 24, 1969
12 John H. Chafee January 31, 1969–May 4, 1972 Richard M. Nixon
13 John W. Warner May 4, 1972–April 8, 1974
14 J. William Middendorf, II April 8, 1974–January 20, 1977 Richard M. Nixon, Gerald Ford
15 W. Graham Claytor, Jr. February 14, 1977–August 24, 1979 Jimmy Carter
16 Edward Hidalgo October 24, 1979–January 20, 1981
17 John Lehman February 5, 1981–April 10, 1987 Ronald Reagan
18 Jim Webb May 1, 1987–February 23, 1988
19 William L. Ball March 28, 1988–May 15, 1989 Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush
20 Henry L. Garrett III May 15, 1989–June 26, 1992 George H.W. Bush
Daniel Howard June 26, 1992–July 7, 1992
21 Sean O'Keefe July 7, 1992–October 2, 1992
October 2, 1992–January 20, 1993
Admiral Frank B. Kelso II January 20, 1993–July 21, 1993 Bill Clinton
22 John H. Dalton July 22, 1993–November 16, 1998
23 Richard Danzig November 16, 1998–January 20, 2001
Robert B. Pirie, Jr. January 20, 2001–May 24, 2001 George W. Bush
24 Gordon R. England May 24, 2001–January 30, 2003
Susan Livingstone January 30, 2003–February 7, 2003
Hansford T. Johnson February 7, 2003–September 30, 2003
25 Gordon R. England October 1, 2003–December 29, 2005
Dionel M. Aviles December 29, 2005 - January 3, 2006
26 Donald C. Winter January 3, 2006 - March 13, 2009 George W. Bush, Barack Obama
B. J. Penn March 13, 2009 - May 19, 2009 Barack Obama
27 Ray Mabus June 18, 2009 - Present


References


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