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The U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It has jurisdiction over all discretionary spending legislation in the Senate.
The Senate Appropriations Committee is the largest committee in the U.S. Senate, consisting of 30 members. Its role is defined by the U.S. Constitution, which requires "appropriations made by law" prior to the expenditure of any money from the Treasury, and is therefore one of the most powerful committees in the Senate. The committee was first organized on March 6, 1867, when power over appropriations was taken out of the hands of the Finance Committee.

The chairman of the Appropriations Committee has enormous power to bring home special projects (sometimes referred to as "pork barrel spending") for his or her state as well as having the final say on other Senator's appropriation requests. For example, in fiscal year 2005 per capita federal spending in Alaska, the home state of then-Chairman Ted Stevens, is $12,000, double the national average. Alaska has 11,772 special earmarked projects for a combined cost of $15,780,623,000. This represents about 4% of the overall spending in the $388 billion Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2005 passed by Congress.

The appropriations process



The federal budget is divided into two main categories: discretionary spending and mandatory spending. Each appropriations subcommittee develops a draft appropriations bill covering each agency under its jurisdiction based on the Congressional Budget Resolution, which is drafted by an analogous Senate Budget committee. Each subcommittee must adhere to the spending limits set by the budget resolution and allocations set by the full Appropriations Committee, though the full Senate may vote to waive those limits if 60 senators vote to do so. The committee also reviews supplemental spending bills (covering unforeseen or emergency expenses not previously budgeted).

Each appropriations bill must be passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the president prior to the start of the federal fiscal year, October 1. If that target is not met, as has been common in recent years, the committee drafts a continuing resolution, which is then approved by Congress and signed by the President to keep the federal government operating until the individual bills are approved.

Members, 111th Congress

The Committee is currently chaired by Democrat Daniel Inouye of Hawaiimarker, and the Ranking Minority Member is Republican Thad Cochran, of Mississippimarker. Robert Byrd had said that he would voluntarily step down effective January 6, 2009, at which time Inouye became chairman.

Majority Minority


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Committee reorganization during the 110th Congress

At the outset of the 110th Congress, Chairman Robert Byrd and Chairman Dave Obey, his counterpart on the House Appropriations Committee, developed a committee reorganization plan that provided for common subcommittee structures between both houses, a move that the both chairmen hope will allow Congress to "complete action on each of the government funding on time for the first time since 1994." The subcommittees were last overhauled between the 107th and 108th Congresses, after the creation of the Subcommittee on Homeland Security and again during the 109th Congress, when the number of subcommittees was reduced from 13 to 12.

A key part of the new subcommittee organization was the establishment of a new Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government, which consolidates funding for the Treasury Departmentmarker, the United States federal judiciary, and the District of Columbiamarker. These functions were previously handled by two separate Senate subcommittees.

Subcommittees

Subcommittees of the US Senate Committee on Appropriations
Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Herb Kohl (D-WI) Sam Brownback (R-KS)
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) Richard Shelby (R-AL)
Defense Daniel Inouye (D-HI) Thad Cochran (R-MS)
Energy and Water Development Byron Dorgan (D-ND) Bob Bennett (R-UT)
Financial Services and General Government Dick Durbin (D-IL) Susan Collins (R-ME)
Homeland Security Robert Byrd (D-WV) George Voinovich (R-OH)
Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) Lamar Alexander (R-TN)
Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Tom Harkin (D-IA) TBD
Legislative Branch Ben Nelson (D-NE) Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Tim Johnson (D-SD) Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX)
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Judd Gregg (R-NH)
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Patty Murray (D-WA) Kit Bond (R-MO)


Chairmen of the Appropriations Committee, 1867-present













































































Name Party State Years
Lot M. Morrill Republican Mainemarker 1867–1869
William P. Fessenden Republican Mainemarker 1869
Lot M. Morrill Republican Mainemarker 1869–1871
Cornelius Cole Republican Californiamarker 1871–1873
Lot M. Morrill Republican Mainemarker 1873–1876
William Windom Republican Minnesotamarker 1876–1879
Henry G. Davis Democratic West Virginiamarker 1879–1881
William B. Allison Republican Iowamarker 1881–1893
Francis M. Cockrell Democratic Missourimarker 1893–1895
William B. Allison Republican Iowamarker 1895–1908
Eugene Hale Republican Mainemarker 1908–1911
Francis E. Warren Republican Wyomingmarker 1913–1919
Thomas S. Martin Democratic Virginiamarker 1913–1919
Francis E. Warren Republican Wyomingmarker 1919–1929
Wesley L. Jones Republican Washingtonmarker 1929–1932
Frederick Hale Republican Mainemarker 1932–1933
Carter Glass Democratic Virginiamarker 1933–1946
Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic Tennesseemarker 1946–1947
Styles Bridges Republican New Hampshiremarker 1947–1949
Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic Tennesseemarker 1949–1953
Styles Bridges Republican New Hampshiremarker 1953–1955
Carl Hayden Democratic Arizonamarker 1955–1969
Richard B. Russell Jr. Democratic Georgiamarker 1969–1971
Allen J. Ellender Democratic Louisianamarker 1971–1972
John L. McClellan Democratic Arkansasmarker 1972–1977
Warren G. Magnuson Democratic Washingtonmarker 1977–1981
Mark O. Hatfield Republican Oregonmarker 1981–1987
John C. Stennis Democratic Mississippimarker 1987–1989
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker 1989–1995
Mark O. Hatfield Republican Oregonmarker 1995–1997
Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaskamarker 1997–2001
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker 2001
Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaskamarker 2001
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker 2001–2003
Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaskamarker 2003–2005
W. Thad Cochran Republican Mississippimarker 2005–2007
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker 2007–2009
Daniel K. Inouye Democratic Hawaiimarker 2009–Present


References



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