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The University of Florida (Florida or UF) is a public land-grant, sea-grant, space-grant major research university located on a campus located in Gainesville, Floridamarker, in the United States. The university traces its origins to 1853, and has continuously operated on its present Gainesville campus since the fall of 1906. Florida is one of 62 elected members of the Association of American Universities (AAU). The university has been recognized as a "Public Ivy," and is currently ranked 47th overall among national universities in the 2010 U.S. News & World Report rankings. It has been consistently ranked one of the world's top 100 universities (number 58 in 2008) by the Academic Ranking of World Universities report (ARWU).

The University of Florida is one of three "research flagship universities" within the State University System of Florida designated by the Florida Legislature. It is the second-largest Florida university by student population, and the most academically prestigious university in the State of Florida. The university is also the sixth largest single-campus university in the United States by student population, with 49,679 students enrolled for the fall 2009 semester. It is the largest comprehensive university in the State of Florida, as measured by the number of academic programs offered, and is home to 17 colleges and more than 150 research centers and institutes. Florida has one of the largest university budgets in the United States at nearly $4.377 billion per year. As of the 2007-2008 academic year, Florida ranked twelfth among all institutions in the number of new National Merit Scholar students enrolled. Researchers at the university developed the well-known sports drink Gatorade.

The University of Florida offers many graduate programs—including engineering, business administration, law and medicine—on one contiguous campus, and administers 123 master's degree programs and 76 doctoral degree programs in 87 schools and departments.

The University of Florida's NCAA Division I athletic teams, known as the "Florida Gators," compete in the Southeastern Conference (SEC). In its 103-year history of intercollegiate sports competition, the university has won 22 national team championships, 17 of which are NCAA titles, and 219 individual national championships.

History

The University of Florida traces its origins to 1853, when the East Florida Seminary, one of the University of Florida's four predecessor institutions, was founded in Ocala, Floridamarker.

On January 6, 1853, Florida Governor Thomas Brown signed a bill that provided public support for higher education in the state of Floridamarker. Gilbert Kingsbury was the first person to take advantage of the legislation, and established the East Florida Seminary. The East Florida Seminary was the first state-supported institution of higher learning in Florida. James Henry Roper, an educator from North Carolinamarker and a state senator from Alachua County, built a school, the Gainesville Academy, around the same time. In 1866, after East Florida Seminary had closed during the American Civil War, Roper offered his land and school to the State of Florida in exchange for the relocation of East Florida Seminary to Gainesville.

The second major precursor to the University of Florida was the Florida Agricultural College, established at Lake Citymarker by Jordan Probst in 1884. Florida Agricultural College became the state's first land-grant college under the Morrill Act. In 1903, the Florida Legislature, desiring to expand the school's outlook and curriculum beyond its agricultural and engineering origins, changed the name of Florida Agricultural College to the "University of Florida," a name that the school would hold for only two years.

"University of the State of Florida"

In 1905, the Buckman Act consolidated the colleges of the state. The member of the Florida Legislature who wrote the act, Henry Holland Buckman, is the namesake of Buckman Hallmarker, one of the university's oldest buildings. The Buckman Act reorganized the State University System of Florida and empowered the Florida Board of Control to govern the system. The Act also mandated the merger of four pre-existing state-supported institutions into the new University of the State of Florida----the University of Florida at Lake City (formerly Florida Agricultural College) in Lake Citymarker, the East Florida Seminary in Gainesville, the St. Petersburg Normal and Industrial School in St. Petersburgmarker, and the South Florida Military College in Bartowmarker.

The Buckman Act also consolidated the colleges and schools into three institutions segregated by race and sex—the University of the State of Florida for white men, the Florida Female College for white women, and the State Normal School for Colored Students for African-American men and women.

On July 6, 1905, the Board of Control selected Gainesvillemarker for the new university campus. Dr. Andrew Sledd, president of the pre-existing University of Florida at Lake City, was selected to be the first president of the new University of the State of Florida. The 1905-1906 academic year was a year of transition; the new University of the State of Florida was legally created, but operated on the campus of the old University of Florida in Lake City until the buildings on the new campus in Gainesville were completed. Architect William A. Edwards designed the first official campus buildings in the Collegiate Gothic style. Classes began on new Gainesville campus on September 26, 1906 with 102 students.

In 1909, the name of the school was officially simplified from the "University of the State of Florida" to the "University of Florida."

The alligator was incidentally chosen as the school mascot in 1911, after a local vendor ordered and sold school pennants with an alligator imprinted on them. The school colors, orange and blue, are believed to be derived from the blue and white school colors of the University of Florida at Lake City and the orange and black colors of the East Florida Seminary at Gainesville.



College reorganization

In 1909, Albert Murphree was appointed the second president of the university, and attempted to organize the colleges of the university and increased the enrollment of the school substantially. He is the only president with a statue on the campus, and he was also instrumental in founding the Florida Blue Key leadership society.

The University of Florida campus in 1916, looking southwest.


In 1924, the Florida Legislature mandated that women of a "mature age" (at least 21 years old) who had completed 60 semester hours from a "reputable educational institution" would be allowed to enroll during regular semesters at the University of Florida in programs that were unavailable at Florida State College for Women. Before this, only the summer semester was coeducational,to accommodate teachers. Lassie Goodbread-Black from Lake City became the first woman to enroll at the University of Florida, in the College of Agriculture in 1925.

John J. Tigert became the fourth president in 1928. Disgusted by the under-the-table payments being made by universities to athletes, Tigert established the grant-in-aid athletic scholarship program in the early 1930s, which was the genesis of the modern athletic scholarship plan that is currently being used by the National Collegiate Athletic Association.

Post World War II

Beginning in 1946, there was dramatically increased interest among male applicants who wanted to attend the University of Florida, mostly returning World War II veterans who could attend college under the GI Bill of Rights (Servicemen's Readjustment Act). Unable to immediately accommodate this increased demand, the Florida Board of Control opened the Tallahassee Branch of the University of Florida on the campus of Florida State College for Women in Tallahasseemarker. By the end of the 1946-1947 school year, 954 men were enrolled at the Tallahassee Branch. The following semester, the Florida Legislature returned the Florida State College for Women to coeducational status and renamed it Florida State Universitymarker. This sequence of events also opened up all of the colleges that comprise the University of Florida to female students. African-American students were allowed to enroll starting in 1958. Shands Hospital first opened in 1958 along with the medical school. Rapid campus expansion began in the 1950s and continues to the present day.

National & international prominence

In 1985, the University of Florida was invited to become a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU), an organization composed of 62 academically prominent public and private research universities in the United States and Canada. Florida is one of only 17 public, land-grant universities that belong to the AAU. In 2009, President Bernie Machen and the University of Florida Board of Trustees announced a major policy transition for the university. The Board of Trustees supported the reduction in the number of undergraduates and the shift of financial and other academic resources to graduate education and research in the future.

The University of Florida has continued to rise in the U.S. News & World Report college and university rankings. In 2001, Florida was labeled a Public Ivy and was 2nd in Kiplinger's 2009 "Best Buys of Education" (behind the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker). U.S. News currently ranks the university as the 47th best national university; the state of Florida policy-makers, university administrators and UF alumni are actively working to advance the university as a top-10 public university.

Academics

Tuition

For the 2008-2009 academic year, annual undergraduate tuition is $3,790 for in-state students, and $20,460 for out-of-state students. For the 2008-2009 academic year, annual graduate tuition is $8,190 for in-state students, and $23,315 for out-of-state students. For the 2008-2009 academic year, annual law school tuition is $10,800 for in-state students, and $30,100 for out-of-state students.

For the 2008-2009 academic year, annual medical school tuition is $23,930 for in-state students, and $51,777 for out-of-state students.

Demographics

Ethnic composition of student body
Student Body U.S. Census
Hispanic American 15.0% 14.7%
Asian American 8.0% 4.3%
Caucasian 66.5% 73.9%
African American 10.0% 12.4%
Native American 0.5% 0.8%
International students 9.0% (N/A)
University of Florida students, numbering 51,413 in Fall 2008, come from more than 130 countries, and all 50 states. The ratio of women to men is 54:46, and 32 percent are graduate and professional students. Professional degree programs include architecture, dentistry, law, medicine, pharmacy and veterinary medicine. Minority populations constitute 33.5 percent of the student body, with 10.0 percent African-Americans, 15.0 percent Hispanics, 0.5 percent Native American, and 8.0 percent Asian-Americans or Pacific Islanders.

During the 2008-2009 academic year the University of Florida had the 12th highest enrollment for Interational Students in the United Statesmarker. In total 4,731 international students enrolled at the university and this equates to about 9 percent of the total enrollment. This was more than any other university in Florida. Also confirmed by Peterson's the International Student populations accounts for rougly 9.0% of the entire student body.

The University of Florida is ranked second overall in the United States for the number of bachelor's degrees awarded to African-Americans, and third overall for Hispanics. The university ranks fifth overall in the number of doctoral degrees awarded to African-Americans, and second overall for Hispanics, and third overall in number of professional degrees awarded to African-Americans, and second overall for Hispanics. The university offers many graduate programs—-including engineering, business, law and medicine—-on one contiguous campus, and coordinates 123 master's degree programs and 76 doctoral degree programs in 87 schools and departments.

Rankings

In 2010, U.S. News & World Report ranked the University of Florida as the 15th best public university in the United States, and 47th overall among all national universities, public and private. In addition, U.S. News also ranked Florida as one of the ten most popular national universities in the country, based on "yield rates"--the percentages of students who actually enroll after being accepted.

The 2007 Academic Ranking of World Universities list assessed the university as 51st among world universities and 38th in the United States based on overall research output and faculty awards. In 2009 Washington Monthly ranked the University of Florida 26th overall. For 2007, Newsweek ranked UF one of the "Top 25 Hottest Schools". According to the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities in 2009, the university ranks 22nd best all around.

Another study by the Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation of Wuhan Universitymarker ranks Florida 37th in the world. The ranking is based on Essential Science Indicators (ESI), which provides data of journal article publication counts and citation frequencies in over 11,000 journals around the world in 22 research fields.

Florida ranked 2nd among all universities in Kiplinger's "100 Best Values in Public Colleges" (2006, 2007 & 2008) and 4th in The Scientist magazine's "Best Places to Work in Academia" (2005); its was also ranked the best overall in top values amongst all the public flagship universities by USA Today (2006). The university admitted 1,049 International Baccalaureate students for the 2004-2005 academic year - more than any other university in the world. The freshmen retention rate of 94 percent is among the highest in the U.S.

UF's ranked college placement 13th best by "The Princeton Review" in its "2009 Best 368 Colleges Rankings".

Admissions

Fall freshman statistics
  2009 2008 2007 2006
Applicants 27,850 27,865 24,040 21,710
Admits 10,294 10,289 10,294 10,474
% Admitted 36.96 36.92 42.82 48.24
This table does not account deferred

applications or other unique situations.




As the acceptance rate at the University of Florida has trended downward, the application process has become increasingly competitive. The university has a freshmen retention rate of 94%. For the first-year students that enrolled at UF in 2008, the median SAT score is 1240 - 1410, and the Median GPA was 4.1 - 4.4. UF's class of 2007 yield rate was at 57%.

In the words of Sarasota Herald-Tribune reporter Anna Scott, "Three years after university officials capped the size of the freshman class at about 6,600, competition at UF is at an all-time high, forcing admissions officers to choose among the brightest and leaving behind an unprecedented number of disappointed families. Of those who applied to be part of last fall's incoming freshman class, an estimated 36.92 percent were accepted -- the lowest acceptance rate in the history of the state's public schools." Selectivity at the state's top university is expected to heighten as UF continues to work toward becoming one of the nation's Top 10 public universities. In 2008, the acceptances reached a new low when out of 28,000 applicants, only 10,000 were accepted (An acceptance rate of around 37 percent).

Ending early decision

In 2007, the University of Florida joined the University of Virginiamarker, Harvard Universitymarker, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker, and Princeton Universitymarker when they announced that they were discontinuing their early decision admissions in an effort to help foster economic diversity in their student bodies. These universities assert that early decision admissions forces students to accept an offer of admission before evaluating the financial aid offers from multiple universities. The university's single application deadline has been set for November 1.

Honors program



The University of Florida has a nationally-recognized honors program. After gaining acceptance to the university, students must apply separately to the Honors Program and demonstrate significant academic achievement to be accepted. There are over 100 courses offered exclusively to students in this program.

Entering freshman in the program must have a weighted GPA of at least 4.0 and an SAT score of 2070 out of 2400 or an ACT score of 33. The Honors Program also offers housing for freshman in the Honors Residential College at Hume Hall. The Honors Program also offers special scholarships, internships, research, study abroad opportunities.

Sustainability

In 2005, the University of Florida became a Certified Audubon Cooperative Sanctuarymarker for environmental and wildlife management, resource conservation, enivormental education, waste management, and outreach.

Through long-term enivornmental iniatives, the University of Florida created an Office of Sustainability in 2006. Their mission is to continue to improve environmental sustainability in many different areas on campus. They have stated that their future goals are to produce zero waste by 2015, and to achieve Carbon Neutrality by 2025. Recently the university appointed Anna Prizzia as the University’s new Sustainability Director. UF received a "B+" grade on the 2009 College Sustainability Report Card for its environmental and sustainability initiatives. In 2009 "B+" was the second highest grade awarded by the Sustainable Endowments Institute.

Colleges and academic divisions

The University of Florida is divided into 16 colleges and more than 100 research, service and education centers, bureaus and institutes, offering over 100 undergraduate majors and 200 graduate degrees.

These colleges include:
College/school founding
College/school Year founded

College of Agricultural and Life Sciences 1906
Rinker School of Building Construction 1906
College of Education 1906
Levin College of Law 1909
College of Engineering 1910
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences 1910
College of Journalism and Communications 1916
College of Pharmacy 1923
College of Design Construction and Planning 1925
Warrington College of Business 1926
P.K. Yonge Research School 1934
College of Health and Human Performance 1946
J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center 1956
College of Medicine 1956
College of Nursing 1956
College of Public Health and Health Professions 1958
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences 1964
College of Dentistry 1972
College of Fine Arts 1975
College of Veterinary Medicine 1976
Division of Continuing Education 1976
Fisher School of Accounting 1977
International Center 1991
Graham Center for Public Service 2006


Satellite facilities

The university also maintains a number of facilities apart from its main campus. The J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center also has a teaching hospital located at Shands Jacksonville that offers degrees in conjunction with the College of Medicine, College of Dentistry, College of Nursing, and College of Pharmacy. A number of residencies are also offered at this facility. The University's College of Pharmacy also maintains campuses in Orlandomarker and St. Petersburgmarker. The College of Dentistry has campuses in South Floridamarker and St. Petersburgmarker.

The university's Warrington College of Business established programs in South Floridamarker back in 2004, and recently built a 6,100 square foot facility in Sunrise, Floridamarker. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences has extensions in each of the 67 counties in Floridamarker, and 13 research and education centers with a total of 19 locations throughout Florida. In 2005, the university established the Beijing Center for International Studies that offers research facilities, offices, and degree opportunities.

Research

The University of Florida is one of the largest research universities in the nation, contributes nearly $6 billion annually to Florida's economy, and is responsible for nearly 75,000 jobs. The Milken Institute named UF one of the top-five U.S. institutions in the transfer of biotechnology research to the marketplace (2006). Some 50 biotechnology companies have resulted from faculty research programs. UF consistently ranks among the top-10 universities in licensing. Royalty and licensing income includes the glaucoma drug Trusopt, the sports drink Gatorade, and the Sentricon termite elimination system. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, ranked #1 by the NSF in Research and Development, is part of the Flagship University and the current Vice President is Dr. Larry Arrington. It should also be noted that the UF is currently ranked seventh among all private & public universities for the total number of patents awarded for 2005.

The University of Florida was awarded $583 million in total research expenditures, more than all the other Florida universities combined, in sponsored research in 2006-2007. Research includes diverse areas such as health-care and citrus production (the world's largest citrus research center). In 2002, UF began leading six other universities under a $15 million NASAmarker grant to work on a variety of space-related research during a five-year period. UF has a partnership with Spain that helped to create the world's largest single-aperture optical telescopemarker in the Canary Islands (the total cost was $93 million). Plans are also under way for the University of Florida to construct a new research facility in collaboration with the Burnham Institute for Medical Research that will ultimately be located in the center of UCFmarker's Health Sciences Campus in Orlando, Floridamarker. Research will include the areas of diabetes, aging, genetics and cancer.

Graduate and Professional Student Enrollment
Fall 2008 16,214
Fall 2007 15,885
Fall 2006 15,357
Fall 2005 14,594
Fall 2004 13,882
Fall 2003 13,482
Fall 2002 12,902
Fall 2001 12,348
Fall 2000 11,953
Fall 1999 11,216
The University of Florida has made great strides in the space sciences over the last decade. The Astronomy Department's focus on the development of image-detection devices has led to increases in funding, telescope time, and significant scholarly achievements. Faculty members in organic chemistry have made notable discoveries in astrobiology, while faculty members in physics have participated actively in the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatorymarker project, the largest and most ambitious project ever funded by the NSF. Through the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, the University of Florida is the lead institution on the NASA University Research, Engineering, and Technology Institute (URETI) for Future Space Transport project to develop the next generation space shuttle. In addition, UF is also doing some innovative Diabetes Research In a statewide screening program, that has been sponsored by a $10 million grant from the American Diabetes Association. The University of Florida also houses one of the world's leading lightning research teams. Also UF scientists have started up a biofuels pilot plant that has been specifically designed to test ethanol-producing technology. UF is also host to a nuclear research reactor which is known for its Neutron Activation Analysis Laboratory. In addition, the University of Florida is the first American university to receive a European Union grant to house a Jean Monnetmarker Centre of Excellence.

Health Science Center

The J. Hillis Miller Health Science Center (HSC) has facilities in Gainesvillemarker and Jacksonvillemarker. The HSC comprises the universities's Colleges of Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Public Health & Health Professions and Veterinary Medicine. The Health Science Center is the only academic health center in the United States with six health-related colleges located on a single, contiguous campus. The facility was named after the 4th President of the University of Florida J. Hillis Miller, Sr.. In all the HSC generates over $280 million in total research expenditures for the 2008-2009 fiscal year. The Health Science Center focus on blindness, hypertension and smoking cessation.

The Health Science Center is also affiliated with Shands at the University of Florida, Shands Jacksonville, and the Veterans Affairs hospitals in Gainesville and North Florida/South Georgia. In all 6,159 total students are enrolled in all six of the colleges. Currently being constructed is a new University of Florida Cancer Hospital which can be found on Archer road in Gainesvillemarker. The facility is estimated to cost $388 million, and is expected to be 500,000 square feet. The McKnight Brain Institute is also part of the Health Science Center and is the most comprehensive program of its kind in the world. The Institute comprises 300 faculty members from 10 colleges, and 51 departments campus-wide.

The University of Florida is a winner of the National Institutes of Healthmarker Clinical and Translational Science Award and member of the prestigious NIH national consortium of medical research institutions.

Partnership with Moffitt Center

In January 2008 the University of Florida, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, and Shands at the University of Florida formed a partnership to develop world-class programs in cancer care, research and prevention. The partnership, will extend Moffitt's innovative model of comprehensive patient care to UF and Shands cancer programs.

Participation in the Large Hadron Collider

A team of UF physicists has a leading role in one of the two major experiments planned for the Large Hadron Collidermarker, a 17-mile-long, $5 billion, super-cooled underground tunnel outside Geneva, Switzerland. More than 30 UF physicists, postdoctoral associates, graduate students and now undergraduates are involved in the collider's Compact Muon Solenoidmarker (CMS) experiment, one of its two major experiments. About 10 are stationed in Geneva. The group is the largest from any university in the U.S. to participate in the CMS experiment. The UF team designed and oversaw development of a major detector within the CMS. The detector, the Muon system, is intended to capture subatomic particles called muons, which are heavier cousins of electrons. Among other efforts, UF scientists analyzed about 100 of the 400 detector chambers placed within the Muon system to be sure they were functioning properly. The bulk of the UF research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Partnership with Zhejiang University

In July 2008, the University of Florida teamed up with the Zhejiang Universitymarker to research sustainable solutions to the Earth's energy issues. Overall a Joint Research Center of Clean Sustainable Energy among the Florida Institute for Sustainable Energy, at UF, and the State Key Lab of Clean Energy Utilization and the Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, at Zhejiang University will collaborate to work on this pressing issue.

Libraries

The Smathers Library, first opened in 1926, is the oldest library at the university


The University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries, is one of the largest university library systems in the United Statesmarker. In total, the University of Florida has ten libraries, and over 5.3 million volumes of books and journals and 7 million microfilms. Collections cover virtually all disciplines and include a wide array of formats – from books and journals to manuscripts, maps, and recorded music. Increasingly collections are digital and are accessible on the Internet via the library web page or the library catalog.

The numerous libraries provide primary support to all academic programs except those served by the Health Science Center Library and the Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center. In 2006, Library West went through a $30 million dollar renovation that doubled capacity. This facility is now better equipped to handle the information technology necessities that students need to complete their studies. Such progress is represented by its state of the art Information Commons [9593], which offers production studios, digital media computing areas, and a presentation area.

Academic honesty

"In 1995 the University of Florida Student Body revamped the previous Honor Codeand voluntarily committed itself to the highest standards of honesty and integrity. When students enroll at the University of Florida, they commit themselves to the standard drafted and enacted by students."
On my honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid in doing this assignment.


Campus

In total the University of Florida campus encompasses over 2,000 acres (8.1 km²). The campus is home to many notable structures, such as Century Towermarker, a 157 foot tall carillon tower in the center of the historic district. Other notable facilities include the Health Science Center, Ben Hill Griffin Stadiummarker, Reitz Student Unionmarker, Smathers Librarymarker, Phillips Center for the Performing Artsmarker, Harn Museummarker, University Auditoriummarker, O'Connell Centermarker, and The Hubmarker.


Historic sites

A number of the University of Florida's buildings are historically significant. The University of Florida Campus Historic Districtmarker comprises 19 buildings and encompasses approximately . Two buildings outside the historic district, the old WRUF radio stationmarker (now the university police station) and the old P. K. Yonge Laboratory School (now Norman Hall), are also listed on the historic register. The buildings listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places for their architectural or historic significance are:


Student life

Career development and internships

The Career Resource Center at the Reitz Student Unionmarker helps by providing a comprehensive, state-of-the-art facility. The Center provides services for students and alumni to assist them to achieve career development, career experiences, and employment opportunities.

Fraternities & sororities

Approximately 5,200 undergraduate students (or approximately 15%) are members of either a sorority or fraternity. Sorority and Fraternity Affairs (formerly known as Greek Life) at the University of Florida is separated into four divisions: Interfraternity Council (IFC), National Panhellenic Conference (NPC), Multicultural Greek Council (MGC), and the National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC). The Order of Omega has a chapter at the university.

The Interfraternity Council (IFC) comprises 25 fraternities, and the Panhellenic Council is made up of 16 sororities. Some of the fraternities on campus are older than the university itself with the first fraternities being founded in 1884.

The Multicultural Greek Council consists of 13 cultural organizations (Latino, Asian, South Asian, etc.), seven fraternities and six sororities. The National Pan-Hellenic Council comprises nine historically-black organizations, five fraternities and four sororities). There are now also two recognized fraternal organizations for Christian students.
Sororities on campus
Fraternities Sororities


Reserve Officer Training Corps

The University of Florida Reserve Officer Training Corps is the official officer training and commissioning program at the University of Florida. Officially founded in 1905, it is one of the oldest such programs in the nation.

The Reserve Officer Training Corps offers commissions for the United States Army, United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force. The unit is one of the oldest in the nation, and is currently located at Van Fleet Hall.

The Reserve Officer Training Corps at the University of Florida offers training in the military sciences to students who desire to perform military service after they graduate. The Departments of the Army, Air Force, and Navy each maintain a Reserve Officers Training Corps and each individual department has a full staff of military personnel.

Housing

The University of Florida provides over 9,200 students with housing in residence halls and complexes on the eastern and western sides of campus. Facilities vary in the cost of rent and privacy. Housing plans also offer students access to dining facilities. The university also provides housing to a number of graduate students and their families.

Recreation

Many recreational activities available for students include indoor and outdoor sports, outdoor courts and playing fields on campus, in the Stephen C.marker O'Connell Centermarker, University Golf Course, Plaza of the Americas, the Student Recreation and Fitness Center, the Southwest Recreation Center, and the Florida Gymnasiummarker for indoor sports. Florida offers intramural and club sports ranging from archery to weightlifting. Near the campus are many recreational lakes and rivers, including university-owned Lake Alicemarker. In addition, student have access to the J.marker Wayne Reitz Unionmarker which is equipped with a bowling alley, pool tables, an arcade, and numerous other activities. South of Gainesville is Lake Wauburgmarker, which also provides recreational activities for students, faculty, and staff. To the northwest of campus is the Devil's Millhopper Geological State Parkmarker.

The campus also contains open spaces, small ponds, picnic areas, shady nooks and an 81-acre wildlife sanctuary that provide opportunities to enjoy Florida's year-round sunshine activity life.

Lastly, the University of Florida has more than eight hundred organizations and clubs for students to join. They range from cultural and athletic to subjects pertaining to philanthropy. Some of the most popular organizations are Florida Blue Key, Theatre Strike Force, the Marching Band, Florida Competitive Cheerleading, Dazzlers, the Gatorettes, Hillel at UF, the student newspaper, Gator Growl, Progressive Black Journalists, Miss University of Florida, and the Speakers Bureau. If students wish they can create their own registered student organization if the current interest or concern is not addressed by the previously established entities.

Student affairs rankings

The University of Florida received the following rankings by "The Princeton Review" in its "2010 Best 368 Colleges Rankings:"
Category Rankings
Best Career/Job Placement Services 1st overall
Jock School 2nd overall
Students Pack the Stadium 2nd overall
Party School 2nd overall
Lots of Beer 4th overall
Best College Newspaper 8th overall
Major Frat and Sorority Scene 12th overall
Everyone Plays Intramural Sports 15th overall


Student government

Seal for the UF Student Government
The University of Florida Student Government is the governing body of students who attend the University of Florida, representing the university's more than 51,000 undergraduate, graduate and professional students. The university's student government currently operates on a yearly $13.8 million dollar budget, one of the largest student government budgets in the United States.

The student government was established in 1909 and consists of executive, judicial and unicameral legislative branches. The executive branch includes the student government president, vice president and treasurer elected by the student body during the spring semester, as well as 9 agencies and 41 cabinet members.

The student senate is the legislative branch, and is composed of 100 senators who serve one-year terms. The student body elects 50 senators during each spring semester and the remaining 50 during the fall semester. The senators elect a senate president and senate President pro tempore twice a year, after each semester's elections, to lead the student senate. During student government elections students may also vote on referendums, such as the renewable energy referendum, which was approved by 78% of voting students in the spring of 2007. This referendum proposed a 50-cent per credit hour increase to student activity fees to fund renewable energy and efficiency on campus.

The student government judicial branch has three major components: the student supreme court (headed by a chief justice), the student honor court (headed by the honor court chancellor elected each spring), and the student traffic court (headed by a chief justice). The supreme court consists of 5 second or third-year law students nominated by the student government president and confirmed by the student senate. Each justice serves a "life-time" term, which extends through the individual justice's graduation and insulates the court from the politics of student government. The chief justice may appoint a marshal and clerk. The election commission, which listens and adjudicates all student government election complaints, is also part of the judicial branch. The commission includes 6 members, one of whom also serves as the commission chairman.

Alma Mater

The Alma Mater for the University of Florida was composed by Milton Yeats in 1925.

Campus & area transportation

The UF campus is served by nine bus routes of the Gainesville Regional Transit System (RTS). Students, faculty, and staff with university-issued ID cards are able to use the system at no extra cost. The RTS also provides other campus services, including Gator Aider (during football games) and Later Gator nighttime service..

University of Florida is also served by the Gainesville Regional Airportmarker, which is located in the Northeast portion of Gainesvillemarker and has daily services to Atlantamarker and Charlottemarker.

Student media

The University of Florida supports six major student-run media outlets.

  • The Independent Florida Alligator is the largest student-run newspaper in the U.S. and operates without oversight from the university administration.
  • WLUF-LP is a low-power television station that carries a mix of educational and PBS programming.
  • WRUF (850 AM) features a mixture of local and syndicated talk programs, award-winning student-produced newscasts and sports talk shows, plus religious programming on Sunday mornings.
  • WRUF-FMmarker (103.7 FM) broadcasts Rock music and attracts an audience from the Gainesvillemarker and Ocalamarker areas.
  • WUFTmarker is a PBS member station with a variety of programming that includes a daily student-produced newscast.
  • WUFT-FM (89.1 FM) is an NPR member radio station which airs news and public affairs programming, including student-produced long-form news reporting. WUFT-FM's programming also airs on WJUF-FM (90.1).


Various other journals and magazines are published by the university's academic units and student groups, including the literary journal Subtropics.

Museums

The Florida Museum of Natural Historymarker, established in 1891, is one of the oldest natural history museums in the country and was officially chartered by the State of Floridamarker. This facility is dedicated to understanding, preserving and interpreting biological diversity and cultural heritage. In over 100 years of operations the Florida Museum of Natural History has been housed in several buildings, from the Seagle Buildingmarker to facilities at Dickinson Hall, Powell Hall, and the Randell Research Center. In 2000 the McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity was opened after a generous donation from University of Florida benefactors. The McGuire Center houses a collection of more than six million butterfly and moth specimens, making it one of the largest collections of Lepidoptera in the world, rivaling that of the Natural History Museummarker in London, Englandmarker.

The Samuel P.marker Harn Museum of Artmarker, established in 1990, is also located at the University of Florida on the southwest part of campus. This facility is one of the largest university art museums in the Southeast, the Harn has more than 7,000 works in its permanent collection and an array of temporary exhibitions. The museum's permanent collections are focused on Asian, African, modern and contemporary art, as well as photography. The university sponsors educational programs at the museum including films, lectures, interactive activities, and school and family offerings. In October 2005 the Harn expanded by more than 18,000 square feet with the opening of the Mary Ann Harn Cofrin Pavilion, which includes new educational and meeting areas and the Camellia Court Cafe, the first eatery for visitors of the Cultural Plaza.

Performing arts and music

Performing arts venues at the University of Florida consist of the Curtis M.marker Phillips Center for the Performing Artsmarker, the University Auditoriummarker, Constans Theatre, the Baughman Center, and performances at the Stephen C.marker O'Connell Centermarker. The mission is to provide an unparalleled experience where the performing artists create and share knowledge to serve the student body, faculty, and staff at the university; Gainesville residents; and visitors to North Central Florida.

The University Auditoriummarker was founded in the mid 1920's and is home to the Anderson Memorial Organ. The auditorium has a concert stage and can seat up to 843 patrons. The venue is suitable for musical concerts, special lectures, convocations, dance concerts, and pageants.

The Phillips Center for the Performing Artsmarker was founded in 1992 and is a performing arts theatre. The Phillips Center is located on the western side of campus, and hosts established and emerging national and international artists on the main stage, as well as the annual Miss University of Florida pageant. In all, the Phillips Center consists of a 1,700-seat proscenium hall and the 200-seat Squitieri Studio Theatre.

Constans Theatre was founded in 1967 and is a performing arts venue located next to the J.marker Wayne Reitz Unionmarker. Constans Theatre serves as a venue for musical concerts, theater, dance, and lectures, and is a sub-venue of the Nadine McGuire Pavilion and Dance Pavilion.

The Baughman Center was founded in 2000 and serves as a venue for small musical and performing arts events. The facility consists of two buildings located next to Lake Alicemarker on the western portion of campus. The main building is a 1,500-square-foot pavilion, while the other is a 1,000-square-foot administrative building. Overall the Baughman Center can accomodate up to 96 patrons.

In popular culture

The University of Florida has been portrayed in several films, books, and television shows.

Athletics

The University of Florida's intercollegiate sports teams are called the "Florida Gators." The Gators compete in the Eastern Division of the Southeastern Conference and NCAA Division I. In football, Florida competes in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), still often referred to by its former designation of "Division I-A." The Gators have a number of rivalries, most notably with in-state rival Florida State Universitymarker, and their SEC Eastern Division competitors, the University of Georgiamarker and the University of Tennesseemarker. For the 2009-2010 school year, the University Athletic Association has budgeted more $85 million for its sports teams and facilities. Since 1986, the Gators have won 19 of the last 23 SEC All-Sports Trophies, recognizing Florida as the best overall athletics program in the SEC. Florida's athletic program has ranked among the nation's top five in 12 of the past 17 years, and is the only Division I program that has ranked among the top 10 athletic programs in the country in each of the last 23 years.

Florida has won a total of 25 team national championships, 17 of which are NCAA championships. Florida is the second Division I FBS school to win multiple national championships in each of the two most popular NCAA sports: football (1996, 2006, and 2008) and men's basketball (2006 and 2007). With a 41–14 win over number-one-ranked Ohio State University in the 2006 BCS National Championship Game (on January 8, 2007 in Glendale, Arizona), Florida became the only Division I school in NCAA history to hold football and basketball titles during the same school year. The football team also went 12–1 during the 2008 season, and won its eighth SEC Championship on the road to winning the 2008 BCS Championship Game (on January 8, 2009 in Miami, Florida).

Olympics

The University of Florida has a reputation and long history of producing athletes who compete in the Olympic Games. Hundreds of University of Florida alumni have competed or coached in the Olympic Games. In total 150 Gator athletes from over 30 different countries have competed in the Games, winning 44 Olympic gold medals, 23 silver medals and 23 bronze medals (through the end of the 2008 Summer Olympics). The list of notable Gator Olympians and gold medalists includes sprinters Kerron Clement, Dennis Mitchell, and Bernard Williams; marathon runner Frank Shorter; baseball outfielder Brad Wilkerson; basketball forward DeLisha Milton-Jones; soccer forward Abby Wambach; and swimmers Ryan Lochte, Tracy Caulkins, Nicole Haislett and Dara Torres.

Football

University of Florida fielded its first varsity football team in the fall of 1906, when the university held its first classes on its new Gainesville campus. Since then, the Florida Gators football team has played in 36 bowl games, won 3 national championships and 8 Southeastern Conference championships, produced 135 All-Americans, 35 NFL first round draft choices, and 3 Heisman Trophy winners.

Heisman Trophy Winners
Steve Spurrier 1966
Danny Wuerffel 1996
Tim Tebow 2007


William A. Shands, a future member of the Florida Senate, and the namesake of Shands Hospital in Gainesville, played for the 1908 team. The Gators earned nationwide recognition in the 1920s with several fantastic finishes and wins. Florida originally competed in the Southern Conference, and won the national scoring title in 1928 with an 8–1 record. In 1933, President John J. Tigert joined with several other Southern Conference presidents to form the new Southeastern Conference (SEC), which Tigert would eventually lead as commissioner. The 1930s and 1940s were not nearly as kind to the Gators. UF did have several significant stars, including All-American Fergie Ferguson in 1941. In 1949, the iconic cheerleader Mr. Two Bits attended his first game and began the tradition of leading the fans in the "two bits" cheer for five decades.

Florida's played its first post-season game on Christmas Day 1912 in Havana, Cuba in the Bacardi Bowl, in which the Gators defeated the Vedado Athletic Club 28-0. Florida's first sanctioned bowl game come was a 14-13 victory over Tulsamarker in the 1953 Gator Bowl. During the 1950s, the Gators 6-4 against the University of Georgiamarker in the 1950s, and had eight winning seasons during the decade. Coach Ray Graves led the Gators football program to unprecedented success and consistency in the 1960s; the Gators had nine winning seasons and played in five bowl games, racking up the winningest decade in Florida history to date. The first major bowl appearance by UF was a 20–18 loss to the Missouri Tigers in the 1965 Sugar Bowl. Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Steve Spurrier led the Gators to a 9–2 record in 1966 and a 27-12 victory over Georgia Tech in that year's Orange Bowl. Sophomores John Reaves and Carlos Alvarez led UF to a 9–2 record and a Gator Bowl win in 1969.
The 1970s were a time of promise and disappointment for UF. The Gators played in four bowl games under new coach and former QB Doug Dickey, who left the head coaching job at the University of Tennesseemarker for his alma mater, but could never quite get Florida their first SEC title. In 1979, Coach Charley Pell took over at UF and created a feared program in the conference; the Gators finished #6 in the nation in 1983 and had one of the best defenses in the nation, led by Wilber Marshall, the Defensive Player of the Year. UF then had consecutive top-ten finishes and claimed first place in the SEC standings in 1984 and 1985. The 1984 title was stripped by the SEC for NCAA sanctions. Emmitt Smith highlighted the Gators in the late 1980s, setting the all-time UF rushing mark in 1989.

In 1990, former Gator quarterback Steve Spurrier returned to UF as the head coach, and led UF to another first place finish in the SEC, but again UF was denied a league title due to probation stemming from activities in the 1980s. Florida's first official SEC football championship came in 1991 during a 10–2 campaign. Spurrier quickly built the Gators into the dominant team in the SEC, winning a string of conference championships in 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 2000. The Gators, led by Spurrier and quarterback Danny Wuerffel, won their first national championship in 1996 with a 52–20 victory over arch-rival FSUmarker in the Sugar Bowl, after losing the regular season finale to those same Seminoles. (Purportedly, this is the first and only time a national championship in American college football was won by beating a primary rival in a bowl game.) Wuerffel would also claim UF's second Heisman Trophy.

The Florida Gators are one of only three schools ever to win ten games for six straight seasons (1993-98), and one of only three ever to win at least nine games for twelve straight years (1990-2001). It is one of only six major college schools ever to win 100 games during a decade; they went 102-22-1 in the 1990s. UF also claimed the most SEC wins by any school in a decade (73) and the NCAA considered them a dynasty from 1990 to 2001—Spurrier's entire tenure in Gainesville.



In January 2002, Spurrier left the Gators to coach the NFL's Washington Redskins, after having won six SEC titles and a national championship in his 12-year tenure as head coach. Urban Meyer has been the head football coach since December 2004.

Traditional football rivals include the Florida State Universitymarker Seminoles one of the largest rivalries in NCAA football, University of Miamimarker Hurricanes, the University of Georgiamarker Bulldogs in the annual The World's Largest Outdoor Cocktail Party in Jacksonville, Floridamarker, and since the early 1990s, the University of Tennessee Volunteersmarker. The University of South Carolinamarker has also become a "rival" since the hiring of former head coach Steve Spurrier as the current Gamecock head coach. The University of Florida and in-state rival Florida State University began their series in 1958. The Gators currently lead the series 32-19-2, including five consecutive wins over the Seminoles.

The Gators' home stadium is Ben Hill Griffin Stadiummarker at Florida Field, one of the largest and loudest football stadiums in the country. Florida Field was originally built in 1930 and has been expanded several times to now hold over 90,000 fans. The stadium is popularly known as "The Swamp", and was given the nickname by Steve Spurrier in the early 1990s, who quipped that "only the Gators get out alive." The Sporting News named Florida as the top college crowd in the nation and gave Florida Field the honor of the nation's loudest stadium. In 2007, Sports Illustrated ranked Ben Hill Griffin Stadium as the third best college venue in the nation, and was the first overall for college football.

Celebrating 100 years of Florida football, the Gators finished the 2006 regular season with a record of 13-1, and captured the SEC Championship with a 38-28 victory over Arkansas at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, Georgia. Florida moved to second place in the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) rankings and convincingly defeated the top-ranked Ohio State Universitymarker Buckeyes 41-14 for the BCS National Championship on January 8, 2007, in Glendale, Arizonamarker. Starting quarterback Chris Leak was named the game's Most Valuable Player. It was the Gators' second consensus national championship, and made UF the first school ever to hold the Division I men's basketball title and the BCS football title at the same time. On January 8, 2009, coach Urban Meyer once more led the Gator football team to the BCS Championship Game, where the Gators defeated the Oklahoma Sooners 24 to 14 to win the third national championship in school history.

Basketball

The O'Connell Center is home to the UF men's basketball team


The UF men's basketball squad has also come to prominence in recent years. They went to the Final Four in 1994 under coach Lon Kruger. Since 1996, they have been coached by Billy Donovan, who is credited with bringing national acclaim to the program. Donovan returned the Gators to the Final Four in 2000, and into the NCAA Championship game, where they lost to Michigan Statemarker. They won their first Southeastern Conference Tournament title in 2005, beating the University of Kentuckymarker, their primary basketball rival. After repeating as SEC tournament champs in 2006, the Gators went on to win the first basketball National Championship in the history of the state of Florida, defeating the UCLA Bruins 73–57 on April 3, 2006, at the RCA Domemarker in Indianapolis, Indianamarker. Joakim Noah was named MVP of the tournament.

The men's basketball team plays home games in the Stephen C.marker O'Connell Centermarker, popularly nicknamed the "O-Dome". The O'Connell Center was also nicknamed the "House of Horrors" in 1999 by ESPN Magazine, due to its reputation as one of the most intimidating venues in the country for opposing teams. This 12,000-seat multi-purpose arena is located directly adjacent to the "The Swamp"marker, Florida's football stadium, and has served in its capacity since opening in 1980. The student section of the O-Dome has been dubbed the "Rowdy Reptiles."

The Florida Gators routed the Arkansas Razorbacks 77-56 on March 11, 2007 to win the SEC tournament title for the third consecutive year. Florida joined Kentucky and Alabama as the only schools to have won three consecutive SEC Tournaments.

Florida defeated Ohio State 84–75 on April 2, 2007 at the Georgia Domemarker in Atlanta, Georgiamarker to win the national championship for the second consecutive year; the first team to repeat since Dukemarker in 1991–1992. The team became the first in history to win back-to-back championships with the same returning starting lineup. The 2007 football and men's basketball championships both came at the expense of the same school, Ohio Statemarker, and also defeated the Arkansas Razorbacks for the SEC championship in both football and basketball in the same academic year; neither of these events had occurred previously. They also became the first school to hold both the football and basketball championships at the same time (defeating Ohio State in 2007 & defeating UCLA in 2006) and in the same school year.

Notable alumni

The University of Florida has more than 340,000 alumni. The alumni account for multiple Nobel Prize winners, nine U.S. Senators, almost 40 U.S. Representatives, 11 state governors, and eight U.S. ambassadors, multiple state supreme court judges, and various federal courts judges. UF graduates have served at the head of such diverse and important institutions as the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, MTV, the United States Marine Corps, the National Organization for Women, FedEx, Burger King, NASCAR, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, the Boston Red Sox, Nikemarker, and Boeing Enterprises. In addition alumni have been Presidents of Rice University, Rutgers Universitymarker, Florida State Universitymarker, the College of Charlestonmarker, Randolph-Macon Collegemarker, the University of Central Floridamarker, New College of Floridamarker, the University of South Floridamarker, and Miami Universitymarker.

Major corporations run by graduates include Merrill Lynch, Northwest Airlines, Gartner, the Hudson's Bay Company, Deloitte & Touche, J. C. Penney, Reebok, Macy'smarker, Scripps, Golin Harris International, Discover Financial, Avaya, Walt Disney, Amtrak, The Richards Group, Scripps, the Gate Petroleum Company, and the Houston Astros. Major regulatory bodies such as the Federal Communications Commission, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the American Bar Association, and the United States Department of Transportation have had University of Florida alumni at the helm in the modern era. In addition, UF has a history of 12 Rhodes Scholars.

Among the individuals who have attended or graduated from the University of Florida are actress Faye Dunaway, Price is Right announcer Rich Fields, author Michael Connelly, Nobel Prize winners Marshall Nirenberg and Robert Grubbs, pilot Paul Tibbets, governor & senator Bob Graham, reporter Stephanie Abrams, musician Mel Tillis, award winning architect Lawrence Scarpa, poet Geri Doran, director Jonathan Demme, comedian Darrell Hammond, columnist Kiki Carter, congressman Adam Putnam, actor Stephen Root, sportscaster Red Barber, sportscaster Jesse Palmer, producer Scott Sanders, senator & governor Lawton Chiles, TV personality Bob Vila, novelists Kate DiCamillo and Carl Hiaasen, judges William Dimitrouleas and Harold Sebring, administrators Carol Browner and Alan Stephenson Boyd, inventor John Atanasoff, astronaut & senator Bill Nelson, owner of Yankees franchise Hal Steinbrenner, guitarist & songwriter Stephen Stills, and the daughter of Dave Thomas, Wendy Thomas, the namesake of the food-chain Wendy's also attended the University of Florida.

The University of Florida has also been home to over 125 Olympians throughout the years, nearly 150 active and retired NFL football players and 3 Heisman Trophy winners, more than 30 MLB baseball players, 30 NBA basketball players, and over 40 PGA Tour & LPGA golfers. Famous University of Florida athletes include the NFL all-time leading rusher Emmitt Smith, NFL Hall of Famemarker football player Jack Youngblood, tennis players Lisa Raymond and Jesse Levine, golfer Tommy Aaron, basketball star Joakim Noah, baseball player David Eckstein, soccer players Abby Wambach and Heather Mitts, swimmers Tracy Caulkins, Nicole Haislett, Ryan Lochte and Dara Torres, and football coach Steve Spurrier.

File:Bob Graham, official Senate photo portrait, color.jpg|Bob GrahamImage:Beverly Perdue.jpg|Beverly PerdueImage:1joe scarborough.jpg|Joe ScarboroughImage:EmmittSmith2007 (crop).jpg|Emmitt SmithImage:Faye Dunaway 1994.jpg|Faye DunawayImage:Robert Grubbs.jpg|Robert GrubbsImage:Darrell_Hammond.jpg|Darrell HammondImage:Carol Browner Senate.jpg|Carol BrownerImage:Paul W Tibbets USAF bio photo.jpg|Paul TibbetsImage:Michael connelly 2007.jpg|Michael ConnellyImage:Stephenson Barbara USEmbassy.jpg|Barbara StephensonImage:ErinAndrews.jpg|Erin Andrews


Notable faculty

Individual awards won by UF faculty include a Fields Medal, numerous Pulitzer Prizes, and NASAmarker's top award for research and Smithsonian Institution's conservation award. There are currently more than 60 Eminent Scholar chairs, and nearly 60 faculty elections to the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, or Arts and Sciences, the Institute of Medicine or a counterpart in a foreign nation. More than two dozen faculty are members of the National Academies of Science and Engineering and the Institute of Medicine or counterpart in a foreign nation.

University benefactors

The University of Florida has had many financial supporters, but some stand out by the magnitude of their contributions.

Among those who have made large donations commemorated at the university are:


Photo gallery

Image:UF CancerHospital.JPG|University of Florida Cancer HospitalImage:UF PresidentsHouse.JPG|President's HouseImage:Library West.jpg|Library WestImage:McKnight Brain Institute.JPG|McKnight Brain InstituteImage:UF LipoffHall.JPG|University of Florida HillelImage:BaughmanCenter.jpg|Baughman CenterImage:UF EmersonAlumniHall.jpg|Emerson Alumni HallImage:Ben Hill Griffin Stadium exterior.jpg|Ben Hill Griffin StadiummarkerImage:Gville UF Anderson02.jpg|Anderson HallmarkerImage:UF McGuirePavilion.jpg|Constans TheatreImage:Dsg UF O Dome 20050507.jpg|O'Connell CentermarkerImage:UFHistoricBuildingFletcherHall.JPG|Fletcher HallImage:UF HiltonHotel.jpg|UF Conference CenterImage:UF PathogenResearchFacility.jpg|Pathogens InstituteImage:Dsg UF Reitz Union 20050507.jpg|Reitz Student Unionmarker


See also



References

  1. Julian M. Pleasants, Gator Tales: An Oral History of the University of Florida, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 6-7 (2006). The university's 1853 "founding date" represents the year that the East Florida Seminary opened in Ocala. The seminary was the oldest of the four colleges that were consolidated by the Florida Legislature to form the university in 1905.
  2. University of Florida, University of Florida History 1853-1905. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  3. "About UF." University of Florida.
  4. Howard R. Greene & Matthew W. Greene, The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities, Cliff Street Books, New York, New York (1st ed. 2001). ISBN 0-06-093459-X
  5. U.S. News & World Report, Best Colleges 2010, 2010 National University Rankings. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  6. Florida Senate, Florida Senate Bill 1710. Retrieved August 26, 2009. The other two research flagship universities are Florida State University and the University of South Florida.
  7. Nathan Crabbe, " UF is no longer largest in state as classes start; Official says UF emphasis is on quality, not quantity," Gainesville Sun (August 25, 2009). Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  8. See, e.g., " Academic Ranking of World Universities 2008: Top 500 World Universities," Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University; " Ranking of Top World Research Universities," Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation, Wuhan University; and " 2009 Ranking Web of World Universities: North America," Webometrics. Retrieved July 12, 2009. See also U.S. News & World Report, Best Colleges 2010, 2010 National University Rankings. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  9. Office of Institutional Planning and Research - UF Factbook," University of Florida. Retrieved October 30, 2009.
  10. Source for UF's Operating Budget)
  11. "Merit cuts have not hurt UF's draw." Gainesville Sun.
  12. "The history of Gatorade." Gatorade.
  13. University of Florida, Graduate School
  14. Gatorzone.com, University Athletic Association, National Championship Overview. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
  15. Governor Thomas Brown sign Higher Education bill
  16. "Kingsbury Papers", Smathers Library.
  17. "UF Early History", University of Florida.
  18. The present university campus incorporates much of the former seminary and academy campuses. Epworth Hall, one of the the main building of the East Florida Seminary, still stands in downtown Gainesville, but is not within the boundaries of the university's campus.
  19. University of Florida, UF Timeline. The name, the "University of Florida," has been held by three separate schools: the West Florida Seminary was renamed the "University of Florida" by the legislature, and held the name from 1883 to 1902; Florida Agricultural College was renamed in 1902 and held the name until 1905; and the name of the new University of the State of Florida was simplified to the University of Florida in 1909. Oddly, the West Florida Seminary was the major predecessor to the modern Florida State University in Tallahassee.
  20. "Buckman Hall Quick Facts." Department of Housing, University of Florida.
  21. About the Buckman Act consolidation
  22. "University of Florida History 1906-1927." University of Florida. August 9, 2006.
  23. University of Florida: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences-Notable Women at UF
  24. University of Florida website: History-1925 » First Woman Enrolls
  25. "The NCAA News"
  26. "Florida State History", Florida State University.
  27. About the post-war expansion
  28. UF looking to transorm itself
  29. 2009 Kiplinger Ranking
  30. Universities Chase Excellence, at Price." New York Times.
  31. Tuition costs
  32. Law School tuition costs
  33. Medical School tuition costs
  34. Petersons.com demographic breakdown
  35. Chronicle of Higher Education international student population
  36. Petersons.com Internation Student statistics
  37. Rank for African American and Hispanic students
  38. Graduate enrollment for African American and Hispanic students
  39. About the graduate program offered at the university
  40. UF Factbook info about degrees offered
  41. U.S. News & World Report, 2010 Public University Rankings Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  42. U.S. News & World Report, 2010 National University Rankings Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  43. U.S. News & World Report, Top 10 Most Popular National Universities Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  44. "Academic Ranking of World Universities." Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2007.
  45. "Top 25 Hottest Schools"
  46. "World Webometrics rankings"
  47. World ranking by Wuhan University
  48. Kiplingers: 100 Best Values in US Public Colleges
  49. http://www.princetonreview.com/schoollist.aspx?id=685&type=r&uidbadge=%07
  50. AAU retention rate
  51. 2008 University of Florida Admissions
  52. The Independent Florida Alligator: News - 28,000 UF hopefuls await final decision
  53. Gainesville Sun info about UF ending Early Decision
  54. Honors Program)
  55. About the courses offered by the Honors Program
  56. Honors Program opportunities
  57. Admission requirements
  58. Audubon Cooperative info
  59. About Office of Sustainability at UF
  60. Future goals of Sustainability
  61. http://www.greenreportcard.org/report-card-2009/schools/university-of-florida-gainesville
  62. About the Colleges at the University of Florida
  63. About the graduate/professional programs
  64. Programs offered at Shands Jacksonville
  65. Warrington builds facility in Sunrise, Florida
  66. IFAS locations
  67. About the Beijing Center
  68. Milken Institute rankings
  69. 2007 Gator Football Media Guide, pp.18-20
  70. "NSF Ag Top 5"
  71. About UF and NASA partnership
  72. About the UF and Burnam Institute partnershp
  73. Graduate/Professional enrollment
  74. UF and the NSF
  75. About LIGO
  76. UF and URETI
  77. About the ADA grant
  78. About the Training Reactor
  79. The Independent Alligator article
  80. About the Health Science Center
  81. 2008-2009 research funding
  82. Facts about the Health Science Center
  83. Cancer Hospital
  84. UF, Moffitt, and Shands partnership
  85. UF involvement with the Large Hadron Collider
  86. UF physicists to take part in world’s most ambitious science experiment
  87. InsideUF - UF, China’s Zhejiang University to collaborate on clean energy research
  88. UF, China's Zhejiang University To Collaborate On Clean Energy Research
  89. About the Libraries at UF
  90. Petersons.com library collection statistics
  91. About the Library West renovation
  92. University of Florida, Library West Dedication, Part 2 - AOL Video
  93. Office of the University Registrar
  94. UF Campus Map
  95. [1] Official UF Historic Site Guide.
  96. Career Resources Center at UF
  97. UF Greek Life statistics
  98. Oldest fraternities at UF
  99. "Christian Fraternity Rush" Independent Florida Alligator.
  100. Air Force Page
  101. Army Page
  102. Navy Page
  103. Student catalog info about the ROTC Program
  104. About Housing for students
  105. Graduate/Professional housing at UF
  106. University of Florida Athletics
  107. Petersons.com info about student organizations
  108. Center for Student Involvement
  109. Priceton Review rankings for 2010
  110. [2] Student Government Budget
  111. [3] June 5, 2009
  112. UF Traditions - Gamedays : Songs & Cheers - Alma Mater
  113. About the Later Gator
  114. About the Gainesville Airport
  115. Historical background
  116. About the Museum of Natural History
  117. About the McGuire Center
  118. McGuire Center info
  119. About the Harn Museum
  120. Info about the Harn Collection
  121. Harn Museum Info
  122. About the performing arts at UF
  123. About the Performing Arts at the university
  124. About the University Auditorium
  125. About the Phillips Center
  126. About Constans Theatre
  127. About the Baughman Center
  128. Gainesville Sun talks about UF's athletic success
  129. Florida Gators in the NACDA
  130. USA Today talks about National Championship
  131. Gatorzone.com, Gators in the Olympics. Retrieved July 28, 2009. Former Gator athletes had won 39 Olympic gold, 19 silver, and 18 bronze medals through the conclusion of the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Greece. Id. During the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, China, Gators won another 5 Olympic gold, 4 silver and 5 bronze medals. Gatorzone.com, Gators in the Olympics, Gators in the Olympics - August 23 (corrected). Retrieved July 28, 2009.
  132. Gator Football All-Americans
  133. 2007 Gator Football Media Guide, pp.124-127
  134. Fergusoon eventually died from wounds suffered in World War II.
  135. Gainesville Sun talks about Mr. Two Bits
  136. The University Athletic Association considers this game to be a "post-season game" only, and not an "official" bowl game. Gatorzone.com, University of Florida Bowl History Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  137. Spurriers career
  138. About the Gators during the 1970's
  139. Emmitt Smith's career highlights
  140. Heisman Info about Wuerffel
  141. "Florida Football History"
  142. UF hires Urban Meyer
  143. About Florida Field
  144. "The Swamp"
  145. SI 2007 college sports venue review
  146. 2006 National Champions
  147. 2008 National Champions
  148. About the rise of the Basketball program
  149. 1994 Final Four
  150. Gators defeat the Bruins
  151. "Facilities @ Gatorzone" Gatorzone.com
  152. About the Rowdy Reptiles
  153. 2006 SEC Basketball champions
  154. Gator Basketball defeats Ohio State
  155. About UF Faculty


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