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The College of Biological Sciences (CBS) is a premier college devoted to the study of biological sciences and one of seven freshman admitting colleges at the University of Minnesotamarker. Established in 1869 as the The College of Sciences, the College of Biological Sciences is now located on both the Minneapolismarker Campus and the St. Paulmarker Campus. CBS is a college that focuses their undergraduate and graduate attention towards research.

Institution

Molecular Cellular Biology Building East Bank


The College of Biological Sciences at the University of Minnesota is one of few colleges nationwide devoted to biological sciences. CBS explores a world of opportunities, from molecules to ecosystems, to improve human health, develop renewable resources, enhance agriculture, and restore the environment. College of Biological Science undergraduates are among the most qualified at the University of Minnesota. The 2008 incoming freshman class, on average, had the highest class rank and ACT scores of any college within the University system.

There were 1,789 undergraduates registered for fall 2006 and 82 percent graduated in the top 15 percent of their high school class. There were a total of 377 freshmen and 135 faculty members many of which are known for their excellence with 4 of them being in the National Academy of Sciences.

CBS Faculty conduct basic research on a range of applications in human health, agriculture, biotechnology and environmental sciences. They regularly publish discoveries in top scientific journals, including Science and Nature, and are recognized for teaching and research excellence with honors from the University’s Academy for Distinguished Teachers to the National Academy of Sciences.

History

In 1887, the Animal Science Department was established in the College of Science, Letters, and Arts. In 1927, it was renamed Zoology. Then in 1891, the Botany Department was created. Eight years later, Lake Itasca Forestry and Biological Station was established with a forestry training program. It is now the site for the "Nature of Life" program CBS students must attend in the summer before their freshman year. Then the Agricultural Biochemistry Department was formed within the Institute of Agriculture. In 1928, Snyder Hall, named for agricultural scientist Harry Snyder, was built to house Agricultural Biochemistry. Snyder Hall is now headquarters for CBS located on the St. Paul campus. Northrop Auditorium was built only a year later. In 1973, the Biological Sciences Center was built to house the Botany department and the Genetics and Cell Biology Department.

In 1993, the Ecology Building was constructed on the St. Paul campus. Two years later, administration of the Bell Museum was transferred to the College of Natural Resources.Then in 1998, Dean Robert Elde led a University-wide reorganization to consolidate and realign departments in order to strengthen biological sciences and raise the University’s national standing. The College of Biological Sciences’ (CBS) current structure grew out of that effort.

In 2001, Biodale opened, offering biological research support services to faculty, students, and industry. It is currently one of the most used resource on campus. Then in 2004, University Enterprise Laboratories, Inc. was dedicated. Founding sponsors included Xcel Energy, the City of St. Paul, the University of Minnesotamarker, 3M, Medtronic, Dorsey & Whitney, Surmodics, Guidant, Boston Scientific, and Ecolab.

Structures

Administrative offices for the College of Biological Sciences are located in Snyder Hall, at 1475 Gortner Avenue on the St. Paul Campus. These include the Dean's Office, Student Services, Communications, and Alumni Relations. Plant Biology, Microbial Biochemistry, and Ecology, Evolution and Behavior are in adjacent buildings. The Cargill Building for Microbial and Plant Genomics is across the street. The Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics and the Department of Genetics, Cell Biology, and Development are in the Molecular and Cellular Biology Building on the Minneapolis Campus.

The Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics and the Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development are shared with the University of Minnesota Medical School. The Department of Plant Biology is shared with the College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences (CFANS). The Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior remains exclusive to CBS with close ties to CFANS, which administers the Bell Museum of Natural History. The Department of Neuroscience and the Department of Microbiology—both part of the Medical School—are affiliated with CBS. The BioTechnology Institute is a joint effort of CBS and the Institute of Technology. CBS also operates two field stations—Cedar Creek Natural History Area, the birthplace of the modern science of ecosystem ecology, and Itasca Biological Station and Laboratoriesmarker—used for education programs, field research and public outreach.

Research facilities and fields

The College of Biological Sciences shares several world-class research, education and outreach facilities.

Biodale, CBS’ one-stop shop for research support services, houses $40 million in bioscience research equipment that is available to faculty and industry scientists. Biodale is a consortium of University of Minnesota research service facilities that offer state-of-the-art instrumentation and user-friendly, walk-in service and training. Members of the business community, as well as the University community, are invited to use Biodale services and equipment. Each facility is staffed by specialized scientists and technicians.

The Cargill Building for Microbial and Plant Genomics provides a hub for genomics researchers University-wide. Faculty conduct basic research in functional genomics of microbes and crop plants to identify innovative ways to make crops more resistant to disease and drought, clean up the environment, and improve human health.

The Molecular and Cellular Biology Building creates a community for learning and research where faculty and students work together, and interaction among disciplines is encouraged. The $80 million Building opened in 2002 on the Minneapolis campus and houses classrooms and labs. It is home to the Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics and the Department of Genetics, Cell Biology, and Development.

Itasca Biological Station and Laboratories


University Enterprise Laboratories (UEL) is a non-profit entity that provides lab space for biotech start-up companies. Sponsors include Xcel Energy, 3M, Allina, Medtronic, Boston Scientific, Dorsey & Whitney, Ecolab, Guidant Corporation, and Surmodics.

Itasca Biological Station and Laboratoriesmarker established in 1909, houses many buildings for research as well as the freshman program, "Nature of Life" which all CBS freshman must attend before entering their first year at the University. Nature of Life prepares students for the upcoming year and gives them an idea of one of the research facilities provided by CBS and the University.

Other research facilities include Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reservemarker, the Ecology Building, Plant Growth Facilities, and Snyder Hall/Gortner Laboratories/Biological Sciences Center complex.

Notable faculty and staff

In 1995, Edward B. Lewis (B.S. '39) received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovery of the colinearity principle in fruit flies, which revealed that the linear arrangement of genes on a chromosome corresponds to the development of body segments. The finding was later confirmed in humans.

Then in 1997, Paul D. Boyer won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering how cells make adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Boyer was on the faculty of the biochemistry department from 1945-1957.

Majors offered



Minors



Research projects

In addition to the Nobel Prize winners for Physiology and biochemistry, other important research projects have been conducted by the University and CBS. Being a research based college, faculty and students often take advantage of plentiful opportunities to research a variety of topics. Extracellular Matrix, Cell cycle control, and genetic mechanism are just a few.



Grants

Funding is needed for all projects. One recently was the 2.8 million dollar grant from the National Science Foundation which supported interdisciplinary training for ecologists and civil engineers. This grant was used to train graduate students in ecology, civil engineering, and geology to study the combined effects of physical and biological changes on environmental quality, in particular the Mississippi River watershed.

Another grant was the 8.5 million dollar grant from the Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment(IREE). Projects included bio-energy and bio-products; economic and policy assessments; production and distribution of hydrogen; carbon sequestration; Nanotechnology; solar thermal heating systems; and conversion of livestock waste to energy and products. They awarded this grant to 24 renewable energy projects at the University in August 2006, including CBS.

Student Involvement

CBS Students are not only heavily involved with their classes, but also in many different student organizations related to the biological sciences. Administrative sponsored student clubs include:

  • CBS Student Board
  • CBS Ambassadors
  • Deans' Scholars Program


University of Minnesota students also have the opportunity to create their own student groups. Examples of these student started groups include:

  • AED Pre-Medical Honor Society
  • AMSA Premed
  • Biochemistry Club
  • Biological Science Journal Club
  • Biology Club
  • Biology Hoopla Club
  • Biology Without Borders
  • Forensic Science Club
  • Genetics, Cell Biology, and Development Club
  • Headwaters Ecology Club
  • Minority Association of Pre-Medical Students
  • Microbiology Club
  • Neuroscience Club
  • Pre-Dental Club
  • Pre-Optometry Club
  • Pre-Pharmacy Club
  • Pre-Physician Assistant Club
  • Student Society of Stem Cell Research Club


Footnotes



References

  • "UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, U.S.;Researchers from University of Minnesota, U.S., report recent findings".17 March 2007
  • "A Smart Start For Bioscience", St. Paul Pioneer Press, 10 October 2004: B10
  • Breining Greg, Hoff Mary ,Peterson Smith Terri,Rinard Peggy, "Star Search", College of Biological Science BIO, Fall 2005, Vol 4 No.2
  • "The Wildest Classroom in Minnesota." Itasca Biological Station and Laboratories. 26 Mar. 2007. Regents of the University of Minnesota. 7 May 2007./cbs.umn.edu/itasca/>
  • University of Minnesota, College of Biological Sciences
  • University Catalogs


See also



External links




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