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The University of North Carolina system includes all sixteen public four-year universities in North Carolinamarker, United Statesmarker and one public residential high schoolmarker. While the system's Board of Governors oversees general system policy, the campuses are classified as separate institutions and are largely autonomous from the system office. The UNC system has a total enrollment of over 183,000 students and confers over 75% of all bachelor degrees in North Carolina.

History

Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker is the oldest public university in the United States. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college, a land-grant university, five historically black institutions, and one to educate Native Americans. Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.

During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker, using it for the name of the entire University of North Carolina system. The new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker, North Carolina State Universitymarker, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboromarker. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlottemarker, the University of North Carolina at Ashevillemarker, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmingtonmarker.

In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina system all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematicsmarker, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the system.

Structure

Article IX of the North Carolina State Constitution provides authorization for the creation of the University of North Carolina. Under this authorization, Chapter 116 of the North Carolina General Statutes entrusts the University of North Carolina to its Board of Governors. The Board of Governors is the policy-making body charged with "the general determination, control, supervision, management, and governance of all affairs of the constituent institutions." It elects the president, who administers the university. The 32 voting members of the Board of Governors are elected by the General Assembly for four-year terms. The current Chairwoman of the system's Board of Governors is Hannah Gage, who was preceded by Jim W. Phillips, Jr. The president of the Association of Student Governments is also a non-voting member.

The Board of Governors delegates extensive administrative authority to each constituent university. Each institution is headed by a chancellor, who is chosen by the Board of Governors on the president's nomination and is responsible to the president. Each institution also has a board of trustees, consisting of eight members elected by the Board of Governors, four appointed by the governor, and the president of the student body. The composition of the Board of Trustees is set by statute.

Legal mandate

The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina can be found in the North Carolina Constitution. Article 9 of the constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article stipulate the function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina.
  • Sec. 8. Higher education.
The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina and the other public institutions of higher education.
  • Sec. 9. Benefits of public institutions of higher education.
The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense.


Institutions

Within its seventeen campuses, the system houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, a school of dentistry, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a veterinary school, two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists. The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematicsmarker, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the system from 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State Universitymarker, with 31,130 students.

While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.

Official name

(Previous name)
Official abbrev. Location Enrollment

As of Fall 2008
Carnegie Classification Founded Joined system References
Appalachian State Universitymarker

(Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967)
ASU
App State
Boonemarker, Watauga Countymarker 15,871 Master's University 1899 1972
East Carolina Universitymarker

(East Carolina College, until 1967)
ECU Greenvillemarker, Pitt Countymarker 27,703 Doctoral/Research University 1907 1972
Elizabeth City State Universitymarker

(Elizabeth City State College, until 1969)
ECSU Elizabeth Citymarker, Pasquotank Countymarker 3,085 Baccalaureate College 1891 1972
Fayetteville State Universitymarker

(Fayetteville State College, until 1969)
FSU Fayettevillemarker, Cumberland Countymarker 6,072 Master's University 1867 1972
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State Universitymarker

(The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969)
NC A&T Greensboromarker, Guilford Countymarker 10,345 Doctoral/Research University 1891 1972
North Carolina Central Universitymarker

(North Carolina College at Durham, until 1969)
NCCU Durhammarker, Durham Countymarker 8,383 Master's University 1909 1972
North Carolina School of Science and Mathematicsmarker NCSSM Durhammarker, Durham Countymarker 615 - 1980 2007
North Carolina State University at Raleighmarker

(North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963)
NCSU
NC State
Raleighmarker, Wake Countymarker 31,130 Doctoral/Research University 1887 1932
University of North Carolina at Ashevillemarker

(Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969)
UNCA Ashevillemarker, Buncombe Countymarker 3,644 Baccalaureate College 1927 1969
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker

(University of North Carolina, until 1963)
UNC
North Carolina
(athletics)

Chapel Hillmarker, Orange Countymarker 28,136 Doctoral/Research University 1789 1932
University of North Carolina at Charlottemarker

(Charlotte College, until 1965)
UNC Charlotte
Charlotte
(athletics)

Charlottemarker, Mecklenburg Countymarker 24,014 Doctoral/Research University 1946 1965
University of North Carolina at Greensboromarker

(North Carolina College for Women, until 1963)
UNCG Greensboromarker, Guilford Countymarker 17,177 Doctoral/Research University 1891 1932
University of North Carolina at Pembrokemarker

(Pembroke State University, until 1996)
UNCP Pembrokemarker, Robeson Countymarker 6,303 Master's University 1887 1972
University of North Carolina at Wilmingtonmarker

(Wilmington College, until 1969)
UNCW Wilmingtonmarker, New Hanover Countymarker 13,401 Master's University 1947 1969
University of North Carolina School of the Artsmarker

(North Carolina School of the Arts, until 2008)
UNCSA Winston-Salemmarker, Forsyth Countymarker 1144 Special Focus Institution 1963 1972
Western Carolina Universitymarker

(Western Carolina College, until 1967)
WCU
Western
Cullowheemarker, Jackson Countymarker 11,000 Master's University 1889 1972
Winston-Salem State University

(Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969)
WSSU Winston-Salemmarker, Forsyth Countymarker 6,400 Baccalaureate College 1892 1972


With the exception of the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina system in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 2008, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina are members of the system.

Affiliates

Name Location Founded
North Carolina Arboretum Ashevillemarker, Buncombe Countymarker 1989
North Carolina Center for the Advancement of Teaching Cullowheemarker, Jackson Countymarker 1985
North Carolina Center for International Understanding Raleighmarker, Wake Countymarker
North Carolina Center for Nursing Raleighmarker, Wake Countymarker
North Carolina State Approving Agency Raleighmarker, Wake Countymarker
North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority Raleighmarker, Wake Countymarker
UNC Center for Public Television Research Triangle Parkmarker, Durham Countymarker 1955
UNC Faculty Assembly Chapel Hillmarker, Orange Countymarker
University of North Carolina Press Chapel Hillmarker, Orange Countymarker 1922
UNC Staff Assembly Chapel Hillmarker, Orange Countymarker


Presidents

Name Term
Frank Porter Graham 1932-1949
William Donald Carmichael, Jr. * | 1949-1950 |- | [[Gordon Gray]] | 1950-1955 |- | ''J. Harris Purks'' * | 1955-1956 |- | ''[[William C. Friday|William Clyde Friday]]'' * | 1956-1957 |- | William Clyde Friday | 1957-1986 |- | Clemmie Dixon Spangler, Jr. | 1986-1997 |- | [[Molly Corbett Broad]] | 1997-2006 |- | [[Erskine Bowles|Erskine Boyce Bowles]] | Since 2006 |- |} An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.

See also



References



External link s




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