University of the Philippines (or Unibersidad
ng Pilipinas in Filipino and
commonly abbreviated as
U.P.) is the national university of the Philippines.
Founded in 1908 through Act No. 1870 of the
first Philippine Legislature, known as the "University Act" by
authority of the United States, the University currently provides
the largest number of degree programs in the country. The
University is considered as the premier institution of higher
learning in the Philippines. Several (7) Philippine Presidents
attended courses in the University either as undergraduates or as
postgraduate students, while 12 chief justices
out of the 57 National Artists
out of the 31 National Scientists
are affiliated with the University.
U.P. has the most National Centers of Excellence and Development
among higher education institutions in the country and one of only
three schools in Asia that have received institutional recognition
in the Ramon Magsaysay
U.P. is partly subsidized by the Philippine government, Students of
the university and its graduates are referred to as "Iskolar ng
("Scholars of the Nation"). This makes admission into
the University extremely competitive. In 2006, 70,000 applicants
attended to test centers to take the University
of the Philippines College Admission Test
undergraduate admission. Around 11,000 of the applicants were
admitted for the year 2006, an acceptance rate of about 18% for the
whole of the UP system.
The symbol of U.P. is the Oblation
This is a figure of a naked man, with arms outstretched and face
pointed upwards. The Oblation is based on the second stanza of
Jose Rizal's Mi Ultimo Adios
The year 2008 was proclaimed as the "UP Centennial Year" and the
years 1998-2008 as the "University of the Philippines
The University of the Philippines was established on June 18, 1908,
as an American University of the Philippines by an act of the First
Philippine Legislature. Act No. 1870, otherwise known as the
"University Act", specified the function of the University, which
is to provide advanced instruction in literature, philosophy, the
sciences, and arts, and to give professional and technical
training. The University began with the establishment of the
Philippine Medical School (later incorporated into the University
as the College of Medicine and Surgery) in 1905, which started
operating in 1907, a year ahead of the rest of the UP System.
Together with the College of Fine Arts and the College of Liberal
Arts, the College of Medicine occupied buildings distributed along
Padre Faura (Ermita
district) and R.
(Quiapo district) in
Manila, the School of Agriculture was in Los Baños. A few years later, the
university opened the College of Law
and the College of
Engineering in Manila, as well as
academic units under the College of Agriculture and Forestry in
Los Baños. The Board of Regents
approved the need to look for a larger site, and a 493-hectare lot
was acquired by the university in Diliman,
then a town in the province of Rizal.
Construction of the new campus began in 1939.
During World War II
, most of its
colleges had to be closed except the Colleges of Medicine,
Pharmacy, and Engineering. Meanwhile, the Japanese Imperial Army
Diliman campus buildings: the College of Liberal Arts Building (now
Benitez Hall) and the Colleges of Law (now Malcolm Hall) and
Business Administration Building. U.P. President Bienvenido Ma. Gonzalez
sought a grant of PhP 13
million from the US-Philippines War Damage
. A massive rehabilitation and construction effort
was executed during the post war years. For the first time, an
extensive Diliman campus master plan and map were created in 1949.
More buildings were built across the Diliman campus' landscape: the
University Library (Gonzalez Hall), the College of Engineering
(Melchor Hall), the Women's Residence Hall (now Kamia Residence
Hall), the Conservatory of Music (Abelardo Hall), the
Administration Building (Quezon Hall), and the U.P. President's
Residence. Most colleges and administration offices were
temporarily housed in huts and shelters made of sawali and
During UP's 40th anniversary in February 1949, central
administrative offices of U.P. were moved from Manila to Diliman
together with the transfer of the Oblation
Administrative offices and its regional units
in Manila, Los Baños, Baguio, and
Cebu were all
housed in the Diliman campus.
General commencement exercises
were also held in Diliman for the first time in 1949.
In the 1950s, new academic units and degree programs were
established. Another major reform, the General Education
(G.E.) Program, was
introduced in 1959. The G.E. program became a series of core
courses prescribed for all students at the undergraduate level.
Most of these courses were being taught at the old College of
Liberal Arts. As a result, UP President Vicente Sinco
saw fit to reorganize the
college into a University College, which would offer the core
subjects to be taken during the first two years of the
undergraduate program. The College of Arts and Sciences and
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, on the other hand, offered
major courses in the humanities, natural sciences, and social
sciences. During President Sinco's term, more institutes and
colleges were established. These institutes and colleges include
the Institute of Public Administration (1952), the Statistical
Center (1953), the Labor Education Center (now the School of Labor
and Industrial Relations, established in 1954), the Asian Studies
Institute (now the Asian Center, established in 1955), the
Institute of Library Science (1961), and the College of Home
The administration of Carlos P.
was marked by the founding
of the Population Institute, the Law Center and the Applied Geodesy
and Photogrammetry Training Center in 1964, the Institute of Mass
Communication, the College of Business Administration, and the
Institute of Planning in 1965, the Computer Center, the Institute
for Small-Scale Industries in 1966, the Institute of Social Work
and Community Development in 1967 and the Asian Center in
During the Martial Law period, U.P.'s administrators tried to
sustain the university's educational priorities and institutional
autonomy. At the height of activism in the university, U.P.
President Salvador P. Lopez
established a system of democratic
consultation in which decisions such as promotions and appointments
were made through greater participation by the faculty and
administrative personnel. Lopez also reorganized U.P. into the U.P.
System. During that period of activism UP Diliman was called the
Diliman Republic and elements of the police and the Metrocom
stormed the campus during Martial Law. In November 1972, the
campus was the first to be
declared an autonomous unit under a chancellor. A Php150 million
grant from the national budget boosted UP's Infrastructure
Development Program. In Diliman, it funded the construction of
buildings for the Colleges of Business Administration and Zoology,
the Institute of Small-Scale Industries, the Transport Training
Center, and the Coral Laboratory of the Marine Sciences Institute.
Kalayaan Residence Hall and housing for low-income employees were
also built around this time.
Onofre D. Corpuz
declared U.P. Manila
known as the Health Sciences Center, and U.P. Visayas
autonomous units. At the same time, the Asian Institute of Tourism
(AIT) was established in light of the prioritization of tourism as
a national industry. New centers for research and degree-granting
units such as the Third World Studies Center (1977), Creative
Writing Center, National Engineering Center (1978), U.P.
Program in San Fernando, Pampanga (1979), which is now in Clark Field, Angeles
City, Institute of Islamic Studies (1973), U.P.
Film Center, National Center for Transportation Studies (1976) were
also established. U.P. celebrated its 75th year 1983. In the same
Extension Program in Olongapo
was also established in
's Diamond Jubilee
project raised P80 million which was earmarked for the creation of
new professorial chairs and faculty grants. Angara also organized
the Management Review Committee (MRC) and the Committee to Review
Academic Programs (CRAP) to evaluate and recommend measures for
improving university operations. The MRC report led to a
wide-ranging reorganization of the U.P. System, the further
decentralization of U.P. administration, and the declaration of
Diliman as an autonomous unit on March 23, 1983.
U.P. Baguio was then
placed under the supervision of U.P.
Meanwhile, the College of Arts and Sciences
also underwent a reorganization to become three separate colleges:
the College of Science (CS), the College of Arts and Letters (CAL),
and the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy (CSSP).
flagship university, U.P.
Diliman led the rest of the units.
On April 26,
1982, it was formally designated as a constituent university,
almost a decade after the reorganization. Even if Diliman was the
seat of the UP Administration, the campus was not immediately
constituted after 1972 although it was administered, along with the
Manila units prior to the organization of the Health Sciences
Center, as a de facto
President Jose Abueva
Socialized Tuition Fee Assistance Program (STFAP) in 1987. Abueva
also institutionalized a Filipino language policy within the
university. President Emil Javier
established the creation of U.P.
at Silicon Gulf
, Southern Mindanao, and the
U.P. Open University
in 1995. President
includes the Revitalized General Education Program (RGEP) and the
institutionalization of more incentives for research and creative
achievements by U.P, faculty members.
President Emerlinda Roman
, from the
College of Business Administration (CBA), has led a Centennial
Campaign Fund to upgrade the university’s services and facilities.
Her term of office has been noted for the ascension of several key
professors from the CBA to positions of power within the
university. Notable among them is U.P. Diliman Chancellor Sergio S.
Cao, Assistant Vice President for Planning and Development, Prof.
Arthur S. Cayanan, Director of the UP System Budget Office, Prof.
Joselito G. Florendo, Dr. Lina J. Valcarcel Executive Director, UP
Provident Fund, Inc. and U.P Foundation, Inc. Executive Director
Gerardo B. Agulto.
On January 8, 2008, the University of the Philippines began its
centennial celebration.The opening ceremony featured a 100-torch
relay to light the eternal flame
the Centennial Cauldron at Quezon Hall. Torches were carried by,
among others,Fernando Javier, 100, of Baguio City, the oldest UP alumnus
(Civil Engineering from University of the
Philippines, Manila, 1933), a 6th-grader from the University of
the Philippines Integrated School in U.P.
Diliman and UP president Emerlinda Roman, the first woman president
of the university.
The Centennial Cauldron features three
pillars to represent the three core values, and seven flowers
representing the seven constituent universities, i.e. UP Manila, UP
Diliman (together with UP Pampanga, its extension campus), UP Los
Baños, UP Baguio, UP Visayas, UP Mindanao, and UP Open
The Bangko Sentral ng
(BSP) and UP issued commemorative P 100 UP Centennial
notes at the BSP Security Plant Complex in Quezon City. The notes
appear as four-outs (four uncut pieces) in a folder featuring the
signatures of all UP presidents including Roman.
Inspired by the UP Oblation
University of the Philippines Alumni Association (UPAA) launched an
art exhibit, "100 Nudes/100 Years" featuring the works of nine UP
alumni national artists.
UPAA 2008 Centennial Yearbook
University of the Philippines Alumni Association announced its
launching of a three-volume UPAA 2008 Centennial Yearbook on
June 21, 2008, the UPAA Grand Alumni-Faculty
Homecoming and Reunion at the Araneta Coliseum, Cubao, Quezon City.
The theme is “UP Alumni: Excellence, Leadership and Service in the
Next 100 Years,” with the three cover designs showing the works of
National Artists Napoleon Abueva
Abdul Imao, and BenCab, respectively.Chief Justice Reynato Puno
is the Yearbook's most
distinguished alumnus awardee (among 46 other awardees).
UP Charter of 2008
UP Charter of 2008, Republic Act No. 9500, was signed by
Macapagal-Arroyo into law on April 29, 2008, at the UP Library
Conference Hall in Lahug, Cebu.
aims "to provide both institutional and fiscal autonomy to UP,
specifically, to protect student's democratic access and strengthen
administration through the recognition of UP system's board of
regents and UP Council." The new charter declared UP as the
Philippines' national university, giving it "the enhanced
capability to fulfill its mission and spread the benefits of
knowledge." The new charter will help improve its competitiveness.
The newly crowned “national university,” however, needs P 3.6
billion to be at par with other universities in the area.
Centennial UP-Ayala TechnoHub
The centennial P 6 billion 37.5-hectare UP-Ayala TechnoHub, a
complex of low-rise buildings, at Commonwealth Avenue, within the
98-hectare UP campus, was constructed on February 16, 2006, and
inaugurated on November 22, 2008. It is being developed by the
Ayala property company into an information technology and
IT-enabled services community to host business process outsourcing
(BPO) and technology firms.
At present, the University of the Philippines System is composed of
seven constituent universities (CU) located in 12 campuses around
U.P. Diliman is the flagship campus of the university and offers
the most number of courses. The University is negotiating with the
Makati City government for the use of one building in the
University of Makati.
Each constituent university of UP is headed by a chancellor, who is
elected on a three-year term by the Board of Regents. Unlike the
president, who is elected on a single six-year term without
re-election, the chancellor maybe re-elected for another three-year
term but it is upon the discretion of the members of the Board of
||Campus Land Area(Hectares)
|National Centers of Excellence and Development
the Philippines, Baguio
||Dr. Priscilla Supnet-Macansantos
||Anthropology, Cordillera Studies, Ethnicity and Cultural
studies, Social and Development Studies
||Biology, Mathematics, Physics
||U.P. System's flag-bearer in Northern Luzon
|University of the Philippines,
Diliman with extension programs in Pampanga
||Dr. Sergio S. Cao
||Law, Architecture, Education, Fine Arts, Film and Communication
Arts, Home Economics, Information Science and Technology, Language
and Literature, Library Studies, Natural Sciences (Biology,
Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Molecular Biology and
Biotechnology, Pure and Applied Physics), Music and Performing
Arts, Public Administration, Social Sciences and Philosophy, Sports
Science, Tourism, (offers most academic programs)
||Anthropology, Architecture, Business, Chemistry, Communication
Arts, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Economics,
Electronics and Communications Engineering, English, Filipino,
Foreign Languages, Geodetic Engineering, Geology, History,
Information Technology, Journalism, Literature, Marine Science,
Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining
Engineering, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Music, Physics,
Political Science, Psychology, Sociology
||Represents U.P. in the University
Athletics Association of the Philippines
|University of the Philippines, Los
||Dr. Luis Rey I. Velasco
||Agriculture and related fields, Biology, Physics, Chemistry,
Computer Science, Development Communication, Veterinary Medicine,
Rural Sociology, Mathematics
||Agriculture, Biology, Communication, Mathematics, Forestry,
Agricultural Engineering, Chemistry, Computer Science, Physics,
Veterinary Medicine, Statistics
||Houses the International Rice
Research Institute, headquarters of the UP National
Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology and other
the Philippines, Manila
||Dr. Ramon L. Arcadio
||Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry, Nursing, Public Health, Allied
Medical Professions, Biomedical Sciences
||Biology, Medicine, Nursing
||Operates the Philippine General Hospital,
houses the National Institutes of Health.
|University of the Philippines,
||Dr. Minda J. Formacion
|Aquaculture, Fisheries, Marine Science
||Biology, Fisheries, Marine Science, Information Technology
||U.P. System's flagship unit in the Visayas
of the Philippines, Mindanao
||Dr. Gilda C. Rivero
||Information Technology, Natural Sciences, Management,
Communication, Arts and Literature
||Information Technology, Communication, Arts and Literature
||U.P. System's regional unit in Mindanao
|University of the
Philippines, Open University
||Dr. Grace J. Alfonso
||(Headquartered in UP Los Baños, Laguna)
||Mandated to provide quality education through distance
|Presidents of the
University of the Philippines
|Murray S. Bartlett,
|Ignacio B. Villamor,
|Guy Potter Wharton
|Rafael V. Palma,
|Jorge Bocobo, 1934-1939
|Bienvenido Ma. Gonzalez, 1939-1943,
|Antonio Sison, 1943-1945
|Vidal A. Tan, 1951-1956
|Enrique Virata, 1956-1958
|Vicente G. Sinco,
|Onofre D. Corpuz,
|Emmanuel V. Soriano,
|Emil Q. Javier,
|Francisco Nemenzo, Jr., 1999-2005
|Emerlinda R. Roman,
Presidents of the University of the Philippines
The President of the University of the Philippines is elected for a
single six-year term by the University's twelve-member Board of
Regents. As of 2005, two Americans and 17 Filipinos served as
President of the University of the Philippines.
The president of U.P. is Dr. Emerlinda R. Román , a professor of
business administration and the chancellor of U.P. Diliman prior to
her election as president. Roman is the first female president of
the University of the Philippines. She led the university in the
celebration of its centennial in 2008.
Board of Regents
The governance of the University is vested in the Board of
Regents of the University of the Philippines System
Lupon ng mga Rehente
and commonly abbreviated as BOR.
The board, with its 12 members, is the highest decision-making body
of the UP system.
The Chairperson of the Commission on
(CHED) serves as the Board's acting
Chairperson while the President of the University of the
Philippines is the Co-Chairperson. The Chairpersons of the
Committees of Higher Education of the Senate
and the House of
are members of the UP Board of Regents which
are concurrent with their functions as committee
UP students, represented by the General Assembly of Student
Councils, nominate a Student Regent. While the Faculty Regent is
likewise nominated by the faculty members of the whole University.
Alumni are represented by the President of the U.P. Alumni
Association. A Staff Regent, representing professional and
administrative personnel, was included with the passage of the new
UP charter in 2008. The remaining members of the Board of Regents
(two of whom are alumni of the University) are nominated into the
position by the President
of the Philippines
As of 2008, the members of the Board of Regents of the University
of the Philippines System are::
||Hon. Emmanuel Y. Angeles, Ll.B.
||Chairperson of the Commission on Higher Education
||Hon. Emerlinda R. Román
||President of the University of the Philippines
||Hon. Manuel A. Roxas II
||Chairperson, Senate Committee on Education, Arts and
||Hon. Cynthia A. Villar
||Chairperson, House Committee on Higher and Technical
||Hon. Alfredo E. Pascual
||President, UP Alumni Association; Alumni Regent
||Hon. Judy M. Taguiwalo
||Hon. Clodualdo E. Cabrera
||Hon. Charisse Bernadine I. Bañez
||Hon. Francis C. Chua
||Nominated by the President of the Philippines
||Hon. Nelia T. Gonzalez
||Nominated by the President of the Philippines
||Hon. Abraham F. Sarmiento
||Nominated by the President of the Philippines
The Secretary of the University and the Board of Regents is Dr.
Lourdes E. Abadingo, Professor of Political Science in the
Department of Social Sciences at U.P. Manila.
The Main Library (Gonzalez Hall) in UP
The University offers 246 undergraduate degree programs and 362
graduate degree programs, more than any other university in the
country.The flagship campus in Diliman offers the largest number of
degree programs, and other campuses are known for specific
programs. The University has 57 degree-granting units throughout
the system, which may be a College, School or Institute that offers
an undergraduate or a graduate program. In the Los Baños campus, a
separate Graduate School administers the graduate programs in
agriculture, forestry, the basic sciences, mathematics and
statistics, development economics and management, agrarian studies
and human ecology. The School of Public Health at UP Manila has a
collaboration with Boston University
School of Public Health
. This program allows students from Boston
University to do a semester of coursework at UP Manila as well
as an international field practicum in the Philippines.
University has 4,135 faculty, trained locally and abroad with 75%
having graduate degrees. The University is one of the three
Universities in the Philippines affiliated with the ASEAN University Network
, and the
only Philippine university to be affiliated with the ASEAN-European
University Network and the Association of Pacific
The University has the highest financial endowment of all
educational institutions in the Philippines. In 2008, the entire
University system has a financial subsidy from the national
government of about PHP
6 billion. The total
expenditure for the same year, however, is PHP
7.2 billion, or approximately PHP
The University was ranked 63rd in the 2009 QS Asian University
Rankings, the highest ranked Philippine university. It was ranked
254th (2009), 276th (2008), 398th (2007), and 299th (2006) in the
Times Higher Education Supplement World University Rankings. In the
Best Universities in Asia last
published in 2000, it was ranked 48th. In 2006, the University,
through President Emerlinda Román, has expressed that it does not
want to participate in the THES Ranking, but was included in 2007,
2008, and 2009 with an incomplete academic profile. In the national
rankings based on cumulative data from 1991-2001 of average passing
rates in all courses of all Philippine colleges and universities in
the Board tests,
Diliman, UP Los Baños and UP Manila emerged as
numbers one, two and three respectively.
The study was done
by the Professional
and the Commission on
General Education Program
The General Education Program, was introduced in 1959 and formed
core courses prescribed for all students at the undergraduate
level. The General Education Program is the Revitalized General
Education Program (abbreviated as RGEP
), which was
approved by the Board of Regents in 2001. The RGEP offers courses
in three domains (Arts and Humanities, Mathematics Science and
Technology and Social Sciences and Philosophy) and gives students
the freedom to choose the general education subjects in these
domains that they would like to take. It has led to the development
of courses unique to the campuses. Examples of these courses
include NASC 10
(Forests as Source of
) in Los Baños and History 3
of Philippine Ethnic Minorities
) in Baguio.
The University library system contains the largest collections of
agricultural, medical, veterinary and animal science materials in
the Philippines. The library system has a collection of Filipiniana
material, serials and journals in both electronic and physical
forms and UPIANA materials in its archives. It also has a
collection of documents of student, political, and religious
organizations advocating political, economic, and social changes
during the Marcos administration in the Diliman library.
The University is one of the five governmental agencies involved
with the Philippine eLib, a nation-wide information
resource-sharing consortium, to which it provides access to 758,649
of its bibliographic records.
The library was established in 1922 in the Manila campus and was
considered as one of the best in Asia prior to the Second World War
. The collection,
containing almost 150,000 volumes, was destroyed when Japanese
troops stormed the library during the war, leaving only a handful
of books intact. Gabriel Bernardo, the Librarian of the University
who built the collection, described the loss as "intellectual
famine." Bernardo would later rebuild the library in the Diliman
campus. The University has likewise been one of the pioneers in
education in the
country. Library courses were first offered under the College of
Liberal Arts under James Alexander Robertson in 1914. In 1961, the
Institute of Library Science
in Diliman and a year later, the institute established the
country's first graduate program in Library Science.
Admissions and financial aid
- See also University of
the Philippines College Admission Test
Being a state university, "selection is based on intellectual
and personal preparedness of the applicant irrespective of sex,
religious belief and political affiliation.
" Admission into
the University's undergraduate programs is very competitive, with
over 60,000 students taking the exam every year, with about 11,000
being accepted, an admission rate of about 18%.
Admission to a program is usually based on the result of the UPCAT, University Predicted Grade, which is an average of grades obtained during high school and sometimes, a quota set by the unit offering the program. The University also maintains a Policy of Democratization which aims to "make the UP studentry more representative of the nation's population." The UPCAT also allows students to enter INTARMED, the University's accelerated medicine curriculum, one of the two entry points into the program. Transferring to the University from other constituent units or schools outside the system are determined by the degree-granting unit that offers the program or the course, not by the university's Office of Admissions.
Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program
The Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program (also
referred to as the "Iskolar ng Bayan"
) was implemented in response to the
increase in tuition in 1989. The program, proposed in 1988 by U.P.
President Jose Abueva and mandated by the President and Congress of
the Philippines, called for a radical departure from the old
fee and scholarship structure of UP, resulting in tremendous
benefits for low-income and disadvantaged students
. The STFAP
is divided into four basic components; Subsidized Education,
Socialized Tuition, Scholarships and Student Assistantships. In the
1989 STFAP, income groups are divided into nine brackets, with one
having the full benefits. In December 2006, the Board of Regents
approved a restructured STFAP, along with the increase in tuition
and other fees that will apply for incoming freshmen.
The Revised STFAP reduces the brackets from nine to five, and will
supposedly increase the number of students receiving tuition
subsidy and increase stipend rates and coverage. However, critics
of the restructured STFAP argue that the data used in the
formulation of the revised program is not an acceptable prediction
of a student’s family income, that some of the bracket assignments
are flawed and that the program fails to address or revise student
Culture, sports and traditions
- See also University of the
Philippines Official Seal, U.P. Oblation and U.P. Naming Mahal
Maroon and Green are the official
colors of U.P.
The official seal as depicted at the
entrance to the UP Diliman Main Library
The University's colors are maroon and forest green. Maroon was
chosen to represent the fight for freedom, as Maroon is also a name
of a Jamaican tribe
successful in defending their freedom from slavery and their
independence from English conquerors for more than 100 years. The
colors are also immortalized in the University's hymn
In 2004, the University's seal and the Oblation were registered in
the Philippine Intellectual Property Office to prevent unauthorized
use and multiplication of the symbols for the centennial of the
University in 2008. The centennial logo was used in visual
materials and presentations of the centennial activities and events
of the University. The logo, which was designed by Ringer Manalang,
is composed of the Oblation, the sablay and a highlighted
UP Naming Mahal
U.P. Naming Mahal
, or UP Our Beloved is the
university's hymn. The melody for the song was written by Nicanor
Abelardo, an alumnus and former faculty member of the U.P. College
of Music. Abelardo is considered to be one of the Philippines'
greatest musicians. Because of the original scale of the hymn in B
flat major, which is too high for the usual voice, UP Conservatory
of Music (now UP College of Music) professors Hilarion Rubio and
Tomas Aguirre reset the music in G major.
The English lyrics (entitled as "U.P. Beloved") was taken from a
poem by Teogenes Velez, a Liberal Arts student. The translation to
Filipino was a composite from seven entries in a contest held by
the University. The judges did not find any of the seven
translations as fully satisfactory.
The University uses unique academic regalia. Instead of the
traditional academic dress composed of a cap, hood and gown, some
constituent units prescribe the Sablay. The Sablay is a sash joined
in front by an ornament and embroidered or printed with the
University's initials in Alibata
geometric motifs of indigenous Philippine tribes. It is
traditionally worn over a white or ecru dress for females or an
and black pants for
males, although there has been instances wherein the Sablay is worn
over other indigenous clothing. Candidates for graduation wear the
sablay at the right shoulder, and is then moved to the left
shoulder after the President of the University confers their
degree, similar to the moving of the tassel of the academic cap.
Not all units have adopted the Sablay, the Manila and Los Baños
campuses still prescribe the usual cap and gown.
Vanguard Ferdinand Marcos 1937 leading
the UP Vanguard Fraternity Homecoming Parade at the UP Sunken
The University of the Philippines ROTC Unit is the pioneer of the
Reserve Officer Training Corps in the Philippines. It was the idea
of Field Marshall Douglas MacArthur. With the activation of the UP
ROTC Unit in 1912, several State and Private Universities-Colleges
soon followed, activating ROTC units under the Army of the
Although the Philippines had no significant military involvement
during World War I, the conflagration made the Philippine
Government realize the need for a good reserve force of able-bodied
Filipinos trained in the art of war. With the formal organization
of the UP DMST on March 17, 1922, military drill was superseded by
the term "military science and tactics".
Military training in the University of the Philippines started at
the old Padre Faura Campus when it was made a required subject for
all able-bodied male students in all colleges, institutes, and
schools of the University. During the early years after its
inception, military training in the University was mainly an
infantry unit. After a few years, specialized units were
established that made UP ROTC distinct for its military
proficiency. UP produced precision FA Gunners through its Field
Artillery Unit. Another distinguished UP ROTC Unit is the Rayadillo
Honor Guard Battalion. It was created by
Carlos P. Romulo (UPROTC/UP Vanguard Class 1918) during his term as
UP President. The Rayadillo unit is famous for its patriotic
uniforms, silent drill
exhibitions, arrival honors and formal military ceremonies rendered
for visiting foreign heads of states and military officers.
Notes and references
- About UP, University of the Philippines
System Website. Accessed April 27, 2007.
- Republic Act 9500 An Act to Strengthen the University
of the Philippines as the National University. Retrieved
May 20, 2008.
- UP in next 100 years, Philippine Daily
Inquirer (Editorial). Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Senate Resolution 278 A Resolution Expressing
the Sense of the Senate to Honor the University of the Philippines
in its Centennial Year as the nation's premier
university..., Senate of the 14th Congress of the Republic
of the Philippines. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Hawaii legislature congratulates UP,
University of the Philippines System Website. Retrieved May 20,
- List of National Scientists, DOST - National
Academy of Science and Technology. Accessed April 27, 2007.
- Statistics : CHED’s Centers of
Excellence/Development, Commission on Higher Education.
Accessed April 27, 2007.
List of Magsaysay Awardees, Wikipedia. Accessed April 28,
- Primer on the Proposal to Adjust Tuition and Other
Fees, University of the Philippines System Website.
Accessed April 27, 2007.
- Basic Student Information, University of the
Philippines Los Baños Website. Accessed April 28, 2007.
- Iskolar ng Bayan Estudyante...Iskolar...
Accessed April 28, 2007.
- Iskolar ng
Bayan Para sa mga Isko at Iska ng Unibersidad ng
Pilipinas, Iskolar.net. Accessed April
- 70,000 HS seniors take UP entrance
test, Philippine Daily Inquirer Online. Accessed April 27,
Ultimo Adios, Wikipedia. Accessed April 28, 2007.
- Michael Tan, The Oblation, Pinoy Kasi. Accessed
April 28, 2007.
- All Systems Go University of the
Philippines System Website. Accessed April 28, 2007.
- U.P. Decade 1998-2008, UP System Centennial
Year Website. Accessed April 28, 2007.
- Inquirer.net, UP passes torch: 100-yr-old to 6th
- Abs-Cbn Interactive, UP alumnus, 100, lights Centennial
- www.mb.com.ph, UP alumni light perpetual flame at
- Inquirer.net, UP centennial P100 notes
- newsinfo.inquirer.net, 100 NUDES/100 YEARS, Exhibit
showcases UP's best artists in last 100 years
- newsinfo.inquirer.net, UP to launch Centennial
Yearbook at June 21 homecoming
- www.pia.gov.ph, New charter reinforces UP's institutional,
- gmanews.tv, Arroyo signs UP Charter of 2008 into
- abs-cbnnews.com, New charter to improve UP’s
competitiveness but more funds needed
- Arroyo wants ICT hub in every province
- PGMA inaugurates UP-Ayala Techno Hub
- Founded as a unit of the University (Not as a full autonomous
- See pages of specific Constituent University for more
information. Not officially cited by the University.
- Administration President Emerlinda R. Roman “The
Centennial President”, University of the Philippines
System Website. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Administration Board of Regents, University
of the Philippines System Website. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Academic Programs, University of the
Philippines System Website. Accessed May 6, 2007.
- UPCAT General Information, University of the
Philippines College Admission Test Website. Accessed April 28,
- The Graduate School, University of the
Philippines Los Baños Website. Accessed May 6, 2007.
- Setting the record straight on UP employee
benefits (SEPTEMBER 7, 2004), UP Newsletter Online.
Accessed May 29, 2009.
- Leticia Peñano-Ho, Who
Should Tell Us Who We Are?, University of the Philippines
System Website. Accessed May 6, 2007.
- ASEA-UNINET Universities, ASEA-UNINET
Website. Accessed May 7, 2007.
- Member Universities, Association of Pacific
Rim Universities Website. Accessed May 7, 2007.
- GMA NEWS.TV, RP universities get low rankings; La
Salle, UST dropped out of Top 500
- THES - QS World University Rankings 2007 - Top 400
Universities, Top Universities. Accessed December 15,
- Overall Ranking Multi-Disciplinary
Schools, Asiaweek.com. Accessed May 7, 2007.
- " UP is no. 1 based on PRC exams". UP Newsletter,
Vol. XXVIII, No. 09. September 01, 2007.
- General Academic Information, University of
the Philippines Los Baños Website. Accessed May 6, 2007.
- CUs recover from Milenyo, University of the
Philippines System Website. Accessed May 8, 2007.
- CVM-IAS-DTRI Library, University of
the Philippines Los Baños Website. Accessed May 8, 2007.
- University Library, University of the
Philippines Manila Website. Accessed May 8, 2007.
- Philippine Radical Papers in the University of
the Philippines Diliman Main Library, The University
Library Website, University of the Philippines, Diliman . Accessed
May 8, 2007.
- Organizational Structure, Philippine eLib
Website, University of the Philippines, Diliman . Accessed May 8,
- Brief History, The University Library
Website, University of the Philippines, Diliman . Accessed May 8,
- Mary Sue Coleman, Google, the Khmer Rouge and the Public Good ,
Office of the President Website, University of Michigan. Accessed
May 8, 2007.
- History Institute of Library and Information
Science Website, University of the Philippines, Diliman. Accessed
May 8, 2007.
- Admission Information, University of the
Philippines College of Medicine. Accessed April 30, 2007.
- 3,822 make it to UPD!University of the
Philippines, Diliman . Accessed May 12, 2007.
- Scholarship and Financial Assistance Program
(STFAP), University of the Philippines Manila Office of
Student Affairs. Accessed May 6, 2007.
- STFAP Bulletin for the Alphabetic Bracketing
Scheme, University of the Philippines Socialized Tuition
and Financial Assistance Program Page. Accessed May 6, 2007.
- Points of (dis)order, Philippine Collegian.
Accessed May 6, 2007.
- The Maroons, The history of Jamaica website.
Accessed May 12, 2007.
- Official Signs for Prohibited Registration
under SEC. 123 PAR (b) of Republic Act No. 8293 and Article 6ter of
the Paris Convention, Intellectual Property Office
website. Accessed May 12, 2007.
- All Systems Go, University of the
Philippines System Website, Accessed May 12, 2007.
- Description of the UP Centennial Logo,
University of the Philippines System Website, Accessed May 12,
- Instruction to Candidates of
Graduation, College of Science Website, University of the
Philippines Diliman. Accessed May 12, 2007.
- Rights at a glance, University of the
Philippines, Diliman Website. Accessed May 12, 2007.