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The Urumea (arguably stemming from Basque "ur" 'water' + "me(he)a" 'thin'; IPA: [u'ɾumea] or [uɾu'mea]) is a river in the Basque Country at the north of the Iberian Peninsulamarker. It's one of a series of Basque rivers flowing into the Bay of Biscaymarker (Atlanticmarker basin) and best known for being the river flowing to the sea on the city of San Sebastianmarker. Its length is 59.4 km from its source in the Navarresemarker municipality of Goizueta, 33 of them running through the province Gipuzkoamarker. The average temperature is 13.5 °C (56.3 °F) and the seasonal and year-to-year variation in water flow is less marked than in other basins of Gipuzkoamarker, the natural regulation of the basin proving very high.

The lower stretch of the river has wide and flat banks fit for crops and urban development, which has resulted in the most inhabited drainage basin in Gipuzkoamarker, numbering 212,564 inhabitants. The main towns on the river are Hernanimarker, with the first industrial estates upstream locating on its banks (paper and chemical industry, an aluminium mill, lift fabrication,...), Astigarragamarker, renown for its cider houses, and a final long stretch snaking through different parts of Donostiamarker. The main focus of cider houses concentrates on a strip along the left bank in Hernanimarker and on a minor road sloping up from the right bank at the limit between Astigarragamarker and the outer lands of Donostiamarker.

The quality of the water is fairly good, despite a slight deterioration downstream on nearing the mouth (moderate-good condition), where the city of Donostiamarker lies. However, lately works have been done for the treatment and cleaning of water, resulting in an outstanding environmental recovery. Therefore, the fish fauna remains stable at the moment with five species populating the river, namely salmon (extinct in 1940 and restored thanks to the repopulation programs of 1980s), trout, ezkailu (Phoxinus phoxinus), loach and eel.

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