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Växjö ( ) is a city and the seat of Växjö Municipalitymarker, Kronoberg County, Swedenmarker with 55,600 inhabitants in 2005. It is the administrative, cultural and industrial centre of Kronoberg County. Furthermore it is the episcopal see of the Diocese of Växjö. It has a population of about 56,000, out of a municipa total of 80,000 inhabitants. The town is home to Växjö Universitymarker.

History

Växjö Cathedral
The city's name is believed to be constructed by the words "väg" (road) and "sjö" (lake), meaning the road over the frozen Växjö Lake that farmers took in the winter to get to the marketplace that later became the city.

Växjö received its city charter in 1342, but was an important market and commercial centre already at the pass of the first millennium. In the twelfth century the construction of Växjö Cathedral was begun and hence Växjö grew to become an important religious centre in the Diocese of Växjö. The city arms displays Saint Sigfrid, a national saint, wearing the traditional Catholic bishop outfit, and in his left hand holding a miniature of the Cathedral. Sigfrid allegedly lived and died in Växjö, and was buried in the cathedral at his death.

The religious significance led to the creation of other institutions such as Växjö Old Lyceum, one of Sweden's oldest educational institutions with Carolus Linnaeus, the father the biological classification, as one of its students.

Notable locations

Växjö Universitymarker has 15,000 students (2008).

Industries include Alstom and Aerotech Telub. Växjö houses Sweden's National Glass Museum [87905] and claims to be the capital of the "Kingdom of Crystal" [87906] as well as of the "Kingdom of Furniture" [87907].

The Swedish Emigrant Institute [87908] was established in 1965 and resides in the House of Emigrants near the Växjö lake in the heart of the city. It contains archives, library, museum, and a research center relating to the emigration period between 1846 and 1930, when 1.3 million (or 20%) of the Swedish population emigrated, mainly to the USAmarker. Archives, dating to the 17th century, of birth and death records as well as household records are available on microfiche.

Immediately north of Växjö is Kronoberg Castlemarker, a ruined fortress constructed in the 15th century. This castle was used as base by rebel Nils Dacke during the Dacke War. The fortress has thick walls and an interesting array of artillery portal that face out onto the lake Helgasjön to the north. The city also holds another castle, Teleborg Castlemarker built in 1900 and situated near the University.

Climate

Notable natives



Sports Teams



International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Växjö has ten sister cities.

References

External links




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