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The Vale of Ewyas ( ) is the steeply-sided and secluded valley of the Afon Honddumarker, in the Black Mountainsmarker of south Walesmarker and within the Brecon Beaconsmarker National Park. As well as its outstanding beauty, it is known for the ruins of Llanthony Priorymarker, and for several noteworthy churches such as those at Capel-y-ffinmarker and Cwmyoymarker. It is sometimes referred to as the "Llanthony Valley" as Llanthonymarker is the village situated at the valley centre.

The Vale is named after the cantref of Ewias, which may have originally been a small Welsh kingdom following the Roman withdrawal from Britain and which, after the Norman conquest of England and Norman invasion of Wales, became an autonomous lordship within the March of Wales. In 1536, the Vale became part of the new county of Monmouthshiremarker, while other parts of Ewyas to the east became incorporated into Herefordshiremarker.

At the head of the Vale is the Gospel Pass, which is reputed to have been named after the time in the 12th century when the Third Crusade passed through the area preaching and fund raising. Nearby, at Capel-y-ffinmarker, is an 18th century church or chapel, one of the smallest in the country, and close to the former home of designer Eric Gill. Further south near the valley entrance, at Cwmyoymarker, the churchmarker there has suffered gradual subsidence over the centuries, and is best known for the disorienting tilts and twists of the building which add to its character. A few miles away, further into the Black Mountains, is Partrishowmarker or Patricio, which has an outstanding 11th century church.

Bruce Chatwin's book 'On the Black Hill' depicts the upland livestock farming community over the past 100 years or so in the area. A locally born writer and academic Raymond Williams may well have set to restore the balance with his two books on the People of the Black Mountains, written a few years afterwards.

The Vale of Ewyas is accessed by a single track road between Llanfihangel Crucorneymarker, near Abergavennymarker, and Hay-on-Wyemarker. The northern part of the valley, above Capel-y-Ffin, is within the county of Powysmarker (historically Brecknockshiremarker), and the southern part within Monmouthshire.

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