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Valerian Kuybyshev.

Valerian Vladimirovich Kuybyshev (also Kuibyshev; 6 June, (O.S. 25 May) 1888 – 25 January 1935) was a Russianmarker revolutionary, a Red Army high rank Political commissar during the Russian Civil War, and then a prominent Sovietmarker politician.


Kuybyshev was born in Omskmarker into a Jewish family of an army officer, and studied at the Omsk Military Cadet School. He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1904. In 1905 he started at the Military Medical Academy from which he was expelled in 1906. Between 1906 and 1914 he worked for the Bolsheviks throughout the Russian Empire and was exiled to Narymmarker in Siberia.

Kuybyshev moved to Samara in 1917 and became chairman of the local soviet. During the Russian Civil War he was head of the Samara administration and political commissar of the 1st and 4th armies.

During 1928–1930 he was Chairman of the Supreme Council of the National Economy, in 1930–1934 he was the head of Gosplan. He also served as a member of the Politburo up until his death.

He died in Moscow of a heart attack in 1935, days after proposing an investigation into the Kirov case.

Personal life

Kuybyshev married twice, but had no children. He was a keen musician and poet.


The city of Samaramarker (the administrative centre of the Samara Oblast, Russia) and the town Bolgarmarker (Tatarstan, Russia), and Haghartsin, Armeniamarker were named Kuybyshev after him in the period between 1935 and 1991. The towns of Kuybyshevmarker in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, and Kuybyshev, Armeniamarker, still bear his name.


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