Valley is a city in Chambers
County, Alabama, United States.
At the 2000 census the population was
is the principal city of and is included in the Valley, Alabama
Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Sandy
Springs-Gainesville, Georgia-Alabama (part)
Valley is located at 32°48'40.993" North, 85°10'40.577" West
(32.811387, -85.177938) .
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the city has a total area
of 9.7 square miles (25.2 km²), all of it land.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 9,198
people, 3,832 households, and 2,605 families residing in the city.
The population density
people per square mile (364.6/km²). There were 4,194 housing units
at an average density of 430.5/sq mi (166.3/km²). The racial
makeup of the city was 70.17% White
, 28.78% Black
or African American
, 0.13% Native American
, 0.35% Asian
, 0.11% from other races
, and 0.47% from two
or more races. 0.84% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 3,832 households out of which 28.8% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples
living together, 15.7% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families.
29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age
of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to
64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,395, and the
median income for a family was $37,963. Males had a median income
of $30,159 versus $21,325 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$16,008. About 12.0% of families and 14.9% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 18.6%
of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.
The area where Valley is located under went a major economic change
after the Civil War. Prior to this conflict, the economy of this
area was based on agriculture, but after the war, things began to
change and the ‘Age of Textiles in the South’ began. This economic
upheaval was the beginning of what would, over 100 years later,
become the City of Valley, Alabama.
The City of Valley is a mere 25 years old, but its history dates
back to the late 1860s when twin textile mills and towns, Langdale
and Riverview, were built on the banks of the Chattahoochee River.
In the early 1900s, two additional mills and mill villages, Shawmut
and Fairfax, were built and in 1980 these 4 mill towns incorporated
to form the City of Valley, Alabama. The entire incorporation
process took only 15 months, which at the time was a record for
incorporation in the State of Alabama.
For well over 100 years, the towns of Langdale, Riverview, Shawmut,
and Fairfax were dependent upon the textile industry for their way
of life and the area thrived and flourished as this was when
'Cotton was king'. West Point Manufacturing, which went through
several name changes over the years and is today called West Point
Home, Inc., furnished the towns with whatever they needed in the
way of recreation, churches, stores, jobs, schools, ….everything.
Today, West Point Home products are manufactured in Pakistan,
putting most of Valley's people out of work and dependent on
Image:Valley High School Valley Alabama.JPG|Valley High
SchoolImage:Valley Alabama West Point Stevens Plant.JPG|the plant
entrance to a West Point Stevens textile plant in Valley,
AlabamaImage:Valley Alabama West Point Stevens Water
Tower.JPG|Water tower at the West Point Stevens textile plant in