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Vantaa ( ; ) is a city and municipality in Finlandmarker. Helsinkimarker, Vantaa, Espoomarker, and Kauniainenmarker make up the Helsinki Metropolitan Area.

Vantaa, with its population of ( ), is the fourth most populated city of Finland. The biggest airport in Finland, the Helsinki-Vantaa Airportmarker, is located there. It also hosts a science centre, Heurekamarker.

Vantaa is notable as the birthplace of racing driver Mika Häkkinen.

In addition there is the city museum next to the railway stationmarker in Tikkurila. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. There are exhibitions with various themes on local history.

The city is bilingual, with majority being Finnish and minority Swedish speakers.

Geography

Location

Vantaa encompasses , of which is water. Population density is . It borders Helsinkimarker, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoomarker to the west, Nurmijärvimarker, Keravamarker and Tuusulamarker to the north and Sipoomarker to the east.

Subdivision

Vantaa is divided into 7 districts ( , ): Myyrmäkimarker (Myrbacka), Tikkurilamarker (Dickursby), Hakunilamarker (Håkansböle), Korso, Koivukylä (Björkby) and Aviapolis.

History

The name Vantaa was taken into use in 1972 when the municipality gained market town rights. The first record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonianmarker Padise monastery. The municipality was formerly known as Helsingin maalaiskunta "Rural municipality of Helsinki". The rapids of river Vantaa were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa/Vanda and promoted to a market town (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping), and in 1974, finally renamed Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad "City of Vantaa".

On October 11, 2002, the city was shocked by the explosion of a bomb in the local Myyrmanni shopping centre, killing 7, including the bomber, a 19-year-old chemistry student from the Espoo-Vantaa Institute of Technology (see Myyrmanni bombingmarker).

Climate




Demographics

Demographic evolution
Year Population
1805 4 840
1865 6 974
1880 7 819
1890 8 865
1900 11 110
1910 18 321
1920 22 368
1930 23 558
1940 31 511
1950 14 976
1960 41 906
1970 72 215
1980 129 918
1990 152 263
2000 176 386
2007 190 058


Politics

Districts of Vantaa

Municipal council

Composition of the City Council (2009–2012)
Party Election results Seats Votes
National Coalition Party 28.1% 20 22 596
Social Democratic Party of Finland 25.6% 18 20 599
Green League 13.9% 9 11 150
True Finns 9.8% 7 7 848
Left Alliance 7.7% 5 6 229
Center Party 5.6% 4 4 516
Christian Democrats 3.7% 2 2 951
Swedish People's Party 3,5% 2 2 838
Pro Vantaa 1,4% 0 1 111


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Vantaa is twinned with:


Mayors



See also



References

External links




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