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Map of the Vardar Banovina
The Vardar Banovina or Vardar Banate or Vardarska Banovina ( ) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslaviamarker between 1929 and 1941. It was located in the southernmost part of the country, encompassing the whole of today's Republic of Macedoniamarker, southern parts of Central Serbia and southeastern parts of Kosovomarker. It was named after the Vardarmarker River and its administrative capital was the city of Skopjemarker.

According to the 1930 statistics of the Central Press Bureau of the Ministerial Council out of the 9 Yugoslav banovinas, the “Vardarska” banovina was the largest at 38,879km2; while its population, was the fourth at 1,386,370 inhabitants. It also suffered the worst health problems, especially Typhus and Variola Vera, and required one Institute of Hygiene, 3 health stations and 6 dispensaries and convalescent homes.However, unlike the banovinas that until recently belonged to the Austro-Hungarian empire and the lands of Montenegromarker, it had inherited no debts.

Borders

According to the 1931 Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia,
The Vardar Banovina is bounded on the north by the boundaries ... of the Zeta and Morava Banovinas, and on the east, south and west by the State frontiers with Bulgariamarker, Greecemarker, and Albaniamarker.


History

In 1941, the World War II Axis Powers occupied the Vardar Banovina and divided it between Bulgariamarker, German-occupied Serbia, and Albania under Italy. Following World War II, the southern portion of the region became Socialist Republic of Macedonia while the northern portions were made a part of the Socialist Republic of Serbia, both within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslaviamarker.

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