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Vasily Zavoyko


Vasily Stepanovich Zavoyko ( ; 1809-1898) was an admiral in the Russianmarker navy.Born to a noble family of Poltava Governorate, in 1827 he took part in the Battle of Navarinomarker, and in 1835-1838 he twice circumnavigated the Earth.

In 1840 he became an employee of the Russian-American Company and soon became the manager of the Okhotskmarker port. He deduced that the port was inconvenient for trade, as it was too far from the Lena Rivermarker basin and advocated transfer of the Company port to Ayanmarker. During his exploration Zavoyko discovered the estuary of the Amur Rivermarker. Zavoyko's reports about the potential importance of the river led to the 1846 expedition to study Amur and ultimately to the incorporation of the modern Primorsky Kraimarker to Russia.

In 1850, he was appointed governor of Kamchatkamarker and the commander of the port of Petropavlovskmarker.Under Zavoyko's governorship, Kamchatka expanded to include a wharf, foundry, and a new army barracks. Zavoyko also encouraged agricultural expansion, urging each household to sustain itself with potato farming. These efforts, however, did little to improve the region's low economic and cultural standards.

In 1854, during the Crimean War, Zavoyko led the successful defence against the Siege of Petropavlovsk by the allied Britishmarker-Frenchmarker troops commanded by Rear Admirals David Price and Fevrier de Point. Zavoyko managed to repel the superior allied forces and even captured the British banner.

In the winter of 1855, Zavoyko was in charge of the transfer the main Russian Pacific naval base from Petropavlovsk to the Amur estuary. The fleet managed to make its way through despite the frozen seas and the superior enemy fleet awaiting them near the Amur inflow. In two months sailors built the Nikolayevsk-on-Amurmarker city that served as the base for the fleet.

In 1856, Zavoyko returned to Saint Petersburgmarker, where he served as the Naval General-Auditor.

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