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Vaughan ( Von) (2006 population 238,866) is a city in York Regionmarker north of Torontomarker, Ontariomarker, Canadamarker. Vaughan is one of the fastest growing municipalities in Canada, having nearly doubled in population since 1991. Vaughan is located in Southern Ontario and is part of the Greater Toronto Area. Its slogan is "The city above Toronto".

History

The first European to pass through Vaughan was the Frenchmarker explorer Étienne Brûlé, who traversed the Humber Trail in 1615. However, it was not until the townships were created in 1792 that Vaughan began to see any settlements, as it was considered to be extremely remote and the lack of roads through the region made travel difficult. The township was named after Benjamin Vaughan, a Britishmarker commissioner who signed a peace treaty with the United Statesmarker in 1783.

Despite the hardships of pioneer life, settlers came to Vaughan in considerable numbers. The population grew from 19 men, 5 women, and 30 children in 1800 to 4300 in 1840. The first people to arrive were mainly Pennsylvaniamarker Germans, with a smaller number of families of Englishmarker descent and a group of Frenchmarker Royalists being represented. This migration from the United Statesmarker was by 1814 superseded by an influx of immigrants from Britainmarker. While many of their predecessors had been agriculturalists, the newer immigrants proved to be highly skilled tradespeople, which would prove useful for a growing community.

Around the facilities established by this group arose a number of hamlet, the oldest of which was Thornhillmarker, which witnessed the construction of a saw-mill in 1801, a grist mill in 1815, and boasted a population of 300 by 1836. Other such enclaves included Kleinburgmarker, Coleraine, Maplemarker, Richmond Hillmarker, Teston, Claireville, Pine Grove, Carrville, Patterson, Burlington, Concord, Edgeley, Fisherville, Elder's Mills, Elgin Mills, Jefferson, Nashville, Purpleville, Richvale, Sherwood, Langstaff, Vellore, and Burwick (Woodbridgemarker).

Vaughan changed relatively little in its early history, from the 1840s when the number of inhabitants stood at 4300 to 1935 when it had 4873 residents. However, World War II sparked an influx of immigration, and by 1960 the population stood at 15,957. As well, the ethno-cultural composition of the area began to change with the arrival of different groups such as Italiansmarker, Jews and Eastern Europeans.

Incorporated in 1850 as Vaughan Township, a municipal government was established. Vaughan Road was a rural road constructed in 1850 that linked Vaughan Township with Torontomarker, though this street's current alignment is much shorter and serves only much of the eastern half of the former city of Yorkmarker. In 1971, the new regional government of York Regionmarker was established, acquiring policing and welfare services from the communities it served; simultaneously, the township merged with the Village of Woodbridge to form the Town of Vaughan. In 1991, it officially changed its legal status to City of Vaughan.

A tornado went through the city of Vaughan during the Central Ontario and GTA Tornado Outbreak, August 20 2009. Premier Dalton McGuinty and Vaughan mayor Linda Jackson toured the destruction the next day and reported 200 homes in critical shape and as many as 600 additional homes likely to be demolished. It also ripped up trees, flipped cars, and left thousands of people without power. Vaughan declared a State of emergency because of the widespread damage. One man injured in the storm suffered a heart attack the following morning. Following this tragic Tornado and destruction, one sole resident and proprietor of Le Jardin Conference & Event Centre, Carlo Parentela, took it upon himself to feed 500 affected residents in the hamlets of Woodbridge and Maple in his Venue to help heal the wounds and bring back the spirit of Vaughan and celebrate the Miracle of Vaughan that no one was killed.

Law and government

Even though Vaughan is a city, it is not in the phone book. Instead, its constituent communities are still listed separately in the Yellow Pages directory and White Pages.

Vaughan is the first municipality in Ontario to have a Youth City Councillor. The youth city councillor is appointed as a non-voting member of Council every six months to represent the youth of Vaughan. Vaughan council originally rejected the proposal of a youth councillor but after the Vaughan Youth Cabinet amended their proposal, Council accepted the recommendation.

The City of Vaughan's Council is made up of nine members; a mayor, three regional councillors and five local councillors. The mayor, elected at large by electorate, is the head of Vaughan council and a representative on York Region Councilmarker. The three regional councillors are elected to represent Vaughan at both local and regional levels of government. Five local councillors are elected, one from each of Vaughan's five wards, to represent those wards on Vaughan Council. City councillors meet at the Civic Centre, located in the community of Maple. Construction recently began on a new city hall, to be called the Lorna D. Jackson Civic Centre in memory of the late Mayor. The new Civic Centre will be one of the first in Canada to conform to a LEED Gold Standard, the second highest environmental classification available. The Toronto Star newspaper has made claims that the naming was part of a preliminary deal that would wrap up an outstanding lawsuit between the Jackson estate and the city.

Reports are Vaughan will have a credit card backed by the city that rewards purchases with lower property taxes.

Mayor

Following the death of mayor Lorna Jackson in 2002, Michael Di Biase was appointed mayor by Vaughan council by virtue of his position as one of two regional councillors representing Vaughan, Joyce Frustaglio was the other regional councillor. Gino Rosati, a Vaughan local councillor, was subsequently appointed by Vaughan Council to fill Di Biase’s position as regional councillor and a by-election was held to fill Rosati’s local councillor’s position which was won by Linda Jackson (the daughter of former mayor Lorna Jackson). Di Biase became involved in the city's politics when he was elected local councillor in 1985. In the 2003 Municipal Election, Di Biase won his first official term since Jackson's passing.

In the municipal election on November 13, 2006, Di Biase was narrowly defeated by Linda Jackson, who was sworn in as mayor on December 4, 2006.

On June 18, 2008, an audit of Jackson's 2006 campaign finances found that the politician exceeded her legal spending limit of $120,419 by at least $12,356, or 10 per cent. The auditors, LECG Canada Ltd., say that amount could almost double if what they believed to be unreported contributions in kind at various election events – but couldn't prove – are later verified.

They also found found other apparent contraventions of the elections act, including at least five instances where associated companies made donations that exceeded the normal $750 donation limit per company.

On 24 June 2008, Vaughan Council voted unanimously to hire a special prosecutor to consider laying charges against Jackson under the Municipal Elections Act in reaction to the auditors' report. Council hired Timothy Wilkin, "an expert in municipal law" to decide what (if any) charges are to be laid. If Jackson is charged and found guilty, she would face punishments ranging from fines to removal from office.

Subsequently an audit was conducted on former Mayor DiBiase;s 2006 election campaign funds. This exposed 27 contraventions under the elections act, along with a $155,000 anonymous cash payment made to his lawyer to cover his legal fees. Mr. DiBiase has refused to disclose who made this payment. His court case will be heard in November 2009.

Geography

Vaughan is bounded by Caledon, Ontariomarker and Brampton, Ontariomarker to the west, King, Ontariomarker and Richmond Hill, Ontariomarker to the north, Markham, Ontariomarker and Richmond Hill, Ontariomarker to the east, and Toronto, Ontariomarker to the south. It is located at .

Health care

Vaughan is the largest city in Canada without a hospital within its city boundaries. The nearest full-service hospital facilities are Humber River Regional Hospitalmarker, to the south in Toronto, and York Central Hospitalmarker to the east in Richmond Hill.

There is a new hospital proposed along Major Mackenzie Street which would serve Vaughan.

Community boundaries

There are five communities that make up the city of Vaughan.



Transportation

Demographics

Pie chart showing Vaughan's visible minority composition (data from Canada Census 2006).
Ethnic Origin[31466] Population Percent
Italian 79,835 43.96%
Jewish 33,705 16.90%
Canadianmarker 18,950 10.43%
English 9,345 5.14%
East Indian 8,930 4.91%
Chinese 7,435 4.09%
Russian 6,490 3.36%
Polish 5,855 3.22%
Irish 5,635 3.10%
Black 3,580 1.97%


Vaughan is one of southern Ontario's fastest growing cities. According to Statistics Canada, the population grew 37.3[31467] percent in a mere four year period (more than 9.3% annually), and also has a young age profile than the Canadian average as 22.3 percent is under the age of 14, while those over 65 constitute 8.15%, one of the lowest in Ontario resulting in an average age of 34.1.

Vaughan is reputably known as having some of the highest concentrations of southern Europeans (notably Italians), Eastern Europeans (chiefly Russians and Poles) and Jewish people in Ontario, while those who are of British and/or Irish origin form a smaller proportion than in many other southern Ontario cities.

Visible minorities make up 26.6% of the population. Vaughan has a large South Asian population, with Indian and Pakistani Canadians holding a large portion of the non-white population. Vaughan also has a small but growing Hispanic, Jamaican, Vietnamese and Chinese population. Residents of Vaughan are very religious; the city has the lowest number of non-affiliates in Ontario. Some 67.42% of the population adheres to Christianity, mostly Roman Catholicism (55.80%). Those who practice non-Christian religions adhere to, in order of size, Judaism (18.20%), Hinduism (2.47%), Islam (2.43%), and Buddhism (0.56%).

Attractions



Education

York Universitymarker in North York, Ontario lies on the Torontomarker side of the Torontomarker-Vaughan border. It is a major comprehensive university, with more than 43,000 students enrolled through ten different faculties.There are also a number of Elementary and High Schools in Vaughan which operate under the York Region District School Board and the York Catholic District School Board.

Twin cities



Sports



Media



References

/www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3519028&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Vaughan&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=/>

External links




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