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Vaux-Marquenneville is a commune in the Sommemarker department in Picardiemarker in northern Francemarker.

Geography

The commune is situated south of Abbevillemarker, on the D93 road. The name Vaux derives from ‘vale’ or ‘valley’ and Marquenneville comes from the domain of someone called Marca. The inhabitants are known as ’’Vallois’’’

Population

Population history
1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
117 83 98 74 78 75 62 72 67 78
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates


History

Known by many variants of the current name throughout the centuries:1166: Vaux, 1557 Vaulx, 1757 Vaux1284 Marquienvilla, 1301 Marchaigneville, 1312 Markaigneville, 1340 Markainneville, 1388 Marquenneville

The Knights Templar were established nearby at Oisemontmarker and had a farm at VauxSource: " la Somme, les 783 communes", septembre 2004, aux éditions Delattre, Grandvilliersmarker (60)

The first known seigneurs were the Riencourt family Source: " la Somme, les 783 communes", septembre 2004, aux éditions Delattre, Grandvilliers (60)

In 1790 the commune came under the management of the department of the Somme and in 1793 the town of Vaux was integrated into the arrondissement of Abbevillemarker and the canton of Saint-Maxent.

1801 saw the neighbouring village of Marquenneville join with Vaux.

The town was occupied, as were many French towns and villages, by the German army during World War II. In 1943 work began to build a V1 missile launch ramp at "Le Mont" in Marquenneville.

A German army deserter hid in a hangar under a pile of wheat and after fruitless search by the Wehrmacht, the soldier, with the help of the French Resistance escaped from France to Spainmarker and return to his own home.

In June 1944. the V1 ramps were destroyed by No. 485 Squadron RNZAF. The bombardment lasted one and a half hours (from 15h45 to 17h15).

The village was liberated by a Canadian tank regiment in 1944.

Vaux-Marquenneville received the Croix de guerre with Bronze Star from the Secretary of State for War who said: "This courageous village, badly damaged during the Second World War, was delivered by faith and hard work".

Places of interest

  • The sixteenth century church. The Riencourt family tomb is inside


  • The war memorial is on the left of the entrance to the church graveyard.


Image:Vaux-Marquenneville église Vaux 1.jpg|South face of the churchImage:Coté gauche de l'Eglise de Vaux-marquenneville (Somme(80)-France).JPG|Church of Vaux-MarquennevilleImage:Monument aux morts de Vaux-Marquenneville (Face) (Somme(80)-France).JPG|The war memorialImage:Calvaire de Vaux-Marquenneville (Somme(80)-France)..JPG|A cross

  • The manor with a 17th century dovecote.
  • Another dovecote of the same period can be found at another farm in the village .


  • The school and mairie
  • 1834: The presbytery serves as a school and communal housing. The annual salary of the teacher was 200 francs.
  • 1838-1855: Renovation of the school.
  • 1861: Separation of boys and girls by a partition.
  • 1873: Collapse of the west side and part of the roof.
  • 1876: Introduction of the municipal library in the school.
  • 1883: Establishment of the Fund Schools.
  • 1889-1890: Construction of the new mixed school (now the mairie).
  • Since the 1960s, the school has been closed but the building is still used as the mairie.


See also



References

  1. Source: "Les lieudits" de la Section Patrimoine CIS N°9
  2. Source: C.I.S.Section Patrimoine N°9
  3. Fusion, source Cassini
  4. Histoire de Cloches [1]
  5. Source: Mémorial morts pour la france (80)
  6. Sources:Quid [2]
  7. Source: Section Patrimoine C.I.S. N°11 Pg:garde, 19, 29, 32, 52, 56
  8. Annuaire Mairie


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