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Venue is the location where a case is heard. In the United Statesmarker, the venue is either a county (for cases in state court) or a district or division (for cases in federal court). Venue deals with locality of a lawsuit, that is, with questions of which court or courts with proper jurisdiction may hear a specific suit. A case can only be brought in a certain venue. For instance, in federal diversity cases, the venue can only be (1) the district where any defendant resides if all defendants reside in the same state, (2) the district where a substantial part of the events giving rise to the claim occurred, or (3) the district in which any defendant is subject to personal jurisdiction if there is no district in which the claim can otherwise be brought ( ).

Venue is a concept distinct from jurisdiction, which focuses on the authority of a court to hear a particular case. Venue is concerned with the geographical location of the court where a lawsuit is commenced. However, unlike personal jurisdiction, there is no constitutional requirement for proper venue in order to have a valid judgment.

The general venue statute for United States federal courts is with special rules listed in ยงยง 1392-1413. Venue can be transferred from one federal district to another ( ). A case can also be removed from a state court to a federal court. Finally, a case may be dismissed because its venue is harshly "unfair" to one or more parties under a doctrine called forum non conveniens, often used in cases where the events took place in a foreign country such as Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno, .

Defendants can waive venue at the time of trial (Neirbo Co. v. Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., ). Plaintiffs may also waive their right to sue in certain venues through a contract that contains a valid and reasonable forum selection clause (Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute, ).

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