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Veszprém ( , ) one of the oldest towns in Hungarymarker, is now a city with county rights and lies approximately north of Lake Balatonmarker. It is the capital city of the administrative county (comitatus or 'megye') of the same name.

Location

Veszprém lies on both sides of the Séd creek, approximately from Budapestmarker (via the M7 highway and Road 8). It can also be reached from Győrmarker via Road 82 and from Székesfehérvármarker via Road 8.

History

The castle of Veszprém
Veszprém


According to local legend, Veszprém was founded on seven hills. The seven hills are Várhegy (Castle Hill), Benedek-hegy (St. Benedict Hill), Jeruzsálem-hegy (Jerusalem Hill), Temetőhegy (Cemetery Hill), Gulyadomb (Herd Hill), Kálvária-domb (Calvary Hill), and Cserhát.

Anonymus, the notary of King Béla III wrote that a castle already stood here when the Hungarians first occupied the area. The castle was probably a 9th century Frankish fortress. The castles of Veszprém, Esztergommarker and Székesfehérvármarker, were the earliest Hungarian stone castles, which had already been built during the reign of High Prince Géza, a time when motte castles were much more common.

The name of the city originates from the Slavic word Bezprym, which was originally a personal name. Ján Kollár derived its name from Ves Perunova - Perun's village and mentioned also a German derivation from Weiss-Brunn - white well. The city was named either after a chieftain, or the son of Princess Judith (elder sister of St. Stephen of Hungary), who settled here after her husband Boleslaus I of Poland expelled her and her son.

Veszprém had an important religious role during the fight to make Christianity the official religion of Hungarymarker - St. Stephen defeated the armies of his chief opponent, Koppány, near Veszprém. The city became the first episcopal seat of Hungary in 1009 and an archiepiscopal seat in 1993. Comitatus Veszprém was one of the earliest historical counties of Hungary.

Veszprém was the favorite city of Queen Gisela, the wife of St. Stephen. For centuries, the queens of Hungary were crowned by the bishop of Veszprém. The city is still often called "the city of queens."

During the Mongol invasion of Hungary, Veszprém was protected by its castle, which was later demolished on order of the Habsburgs in 1706.

Veszprém was among the first Hungarian cities to have a university - students studied law and arts here. The university was destroyed by fire in 1276, after which Veszprém became a university town again in the 20th century.

Population

Population change of Veszprém (1870-2007)
Ethnic groups (2001 census)

Religions (2001 census)

Notable citizens

Marian CozmaTamas Kadar

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Veszprém is twinned with:



Gallery

Image:Veszprem 2 by andy205.jpg|The Basilica of VeszprémImage:Megyeszékhely - Veszprém megye - Veszprém.jpg|Aerial photography: Veszprém - HungaryImage:Veszprem Sorhazlepcso.jpg|DowntownImage:Veszprem nagyprepostipalota.jpg|Nagypréposti PalaceImage:Gyulafiratot kolostor.jpg|Monastery ruinImage:Veszprem Szentharomsagoszlop.jpg|The castle of VeszprémImage:Veszprem Gizellakapolna.jpg|Gizella Capel (11th century)Image:Veszprem Tuztorony2.jpg|Fire-watch towerImage:Veszprem Szentharomsagter dny.jpg|Holy Trinity SquareImage:Veszprem Megyehaza.jpg|County HallImage:Veszprem Bakonyihaz.jpg|Ethnographic MuseumImage:Veszprem-County-Library-Hungary.jpg|Library of VeszprémImage:Bone of Giselle of Bavaria.jpg|Bone of queen Giselle. Kept in a church in Veszprem (Hungary)Image:Veszprem Istvanesgizella.jpg|Statue of King Stephen I. and Queen GiselaImage:Veszprem foispanilak.jpg|The former Lord Lieutenant’s ResidenceImage:Veszprém - Angolkisassz.jpg|Óvári Ferenc Street (Church and school of the 'English ladies')



External links



References

  1. Kursk guide



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