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Via Agrippa: Map

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A section of Via Agrippa near Beaumont-Monteux (Drôme)
The term "Via Agrippa", describes any stretch of the network of Roman roads in Gaul that were built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, to whom Octavian entrusted the reorganization of the Gauls. In all, the Romans built thirteen thousand miles of roads in Gaul.

Agrippa's project

Agrippa's network radiated from a hub at the new strategic site of Lugdunummarker (Lyonmarker). Strabo indicated the directions. which were identified by Pierre Gros:

Though the detailed routes taken by the various stretches of the Via Agrippa are well settled, the dates of construction are still debated. In 39-38 BCE, according to the authors of the Guide romain antique;; 22-21 BCE, according to Pierre Gros; or between 16-13 BCE, according to Paul Petit;

The southern route

An ancient salt road passed to the mouths of the Rhône, keeping to the lower slopes of the hills to avoid the river's sometimes swampy flood plain. Under the impetus of Augustus, Agrippa paved a route that lay closer to the river, passing through the important Roman cities of Arlesmarker, Avignonmarker, Montélimarmarker, Valencemarker, Viennemarker, interspersed with relay stations (mutationes) where a change of horses was maintained for official couriers. This route was augmented by the Via Antonina along the right bank of the Rhône.

Traces of the via Agrippa

Near Valence, the modern Route nationale 7 follows the track of the via Agrippa

To the north of the Isèremarker]] the via Agrippa, having passed the crossroads still called Sept Chemins ("Seven Roads") followed Route départementale 101 towards Beaumont-Monteuxmarker; there a Route communale and a pathway trace the straight Roman track which serves as boundary between the communes of Beaumont-Monteux and Pont-de-l'Isère. Nearby the toponym Vie Magne records the passage of the via magna, the "great road".

Roman milestones

Inscribed standing mile stones placed along the route indicated the miles from the starting point (capita viae) with Vienne, Valence or Avignon, as well as the magistrate or emperor who had them erected or maintained.=

In addition to twenty-two surviving milestones recovered along the route is one of the 3rd or 4th century reused in the ambulatory of the choir of the Cathedral of Valence, where its inscription may still be read:

IMP(ERATOR) CAESAR L(UCIUS) DOMIT[IUS]

AURELIANU[S] P(IUS) [F(ELIX)] INV[I]CT[US]

[AU]G(USTUS) P(ONTIFEX) MA(XIMUS) GER[MANIC(US) MAX(IMUS)]

[GO]THIC(US) MA[X(IMUS) CARPIC(US) MAX(IMUS)] ?

[PAR]THIC(US) MA[X(IMUS) TRIB(UNICIA) POT(ESTATE) VI CO(N)S(UL)] ?

[III] P(ATER) P(ATRIA) PROCO(N)[S(UL) PACATOR ET RES]

[TITUT]OR ORB(IS) [REFECIT ET]

[R]ESTITUIT […]

MILIA [PASSUUM]

I[I] II ?

Translation: "The Emperor Caesar Lucius Domitian Aurelianus, pious, fortunate, invincible, august, pontifex maximus, greatest conqueror of the Germans, Goths, Carpi, Parthians, reinvested with the [[Tribune|tribunician power for the [ ] time, consul [ ] times, Pater Patriae, proconsul, restorer of universal peace, restored it: 3 or 4 miles"

Notes

  1. Strabo, Geography IV, 6, 11.
  2. Gros, La France gallo-romaine, 1991, p. 54
  3. George Hacquard, Jean Dautry, O Maisani, Guide romain antique, Hachette, 1952, 50th ed. 2005, p,162
  4. Gros
  5. Paul Petit, La paix romaine, (PUF, collection Nouvelle Clio – l’histoire et ses problèmes) Paris, (1967), 2nd ed. 1971, p. 288
  6. Philippe Ravit, Le paysage valentinois, de la fondation de la colonie de Valentia au IIIème siècle ap. J.-C., Lyon 3, 2007, 202 p. (mémoire)
  7. Philippe Ravit, Le paysage valentinois, de la fondation de la colonie de Valentia au IIIème siècle ap. J.-C., Lyon 3, 2007, p 202 (abstract)
  8. C.I.L., XII, 5549.
  9. From Valence understood.



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