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Vittorio Amedeo I., Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia, 8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa. [10817]


He was born in Turinmarker to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain. He spent much of his childhood at the Spanish court in Madridmarker. When his brother prince Filippo Emanuele died, he became legitimate heir to the duchy and received the loyalty swore of the court at Racconigimarker on 21 January 1607.

After a crisis with relationships with Spain, he was married to Henry IV of France's daughter Christine Marie.
Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.
Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain. With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was given back Pinerolomarker, although, according to a secret point of the agreement, that important stronghold was to remain with France in exchange for Genevemarker.

Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italymarker. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on September 8 1637 in the battle of Mombaldone.

On 25 September of that year, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. Carried to Turin, he died here on 7 October.


Victor Amadeus I's ancestors in three generations
Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy Father:
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Paternal Grandfather:
Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Charles III, Duke of Savoy
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Infanta Beatriz, Duchess of Savoy
Paternal Grandmother:
Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Francis I of France
Paternal Great-Grandmother:
Claude of France
Catherine Michelle of Spain
Maternal Grandfather:
Philip II of Spain
Maternal Great-Grandfather:
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Isabella of Portugal
Maternal Grandmother:
Elisabeth of Valois
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Henry II of France
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Catherine de' Medici

Marriage and issue

He married Christine Marie of France (1606-1663), Regent of the Duchy from 1637 to 1663 and a daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. They had children including:


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