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The Victoria Embankment under construction in 1865.
The Victoria Embankment is part of the Thames Embankmentmarker, a road and walkway along the north bank of the River Thames in Londonmarker. Victoria Embankment extends from the City of Westminstermarker into the City of Londonmarker.

The Victoria Embankment is located at the coordinates .

The Victoria Embankment's construction started in 1865. It was completed in 1870 under the direction of Joseph Bazalgette, and was a project of the Metropolitan Board of Works. The contractor for the work was Thomas Brassey. The original impetus was the need to provide London with a modern sewerage system. Another major consideration was the relief of congestion on The Strandmarker and Fleet Streetmarker.

The project involved building out onto the foreshore of the Thames, thus narrowing the river. The construction work required the purchase and demolition of much expensive riverside property. The tunnels for the District Line were built underneath the Embankment. At ground level, in addition to the new roads, two handsome public gardens were laid out. One of these backs onto the government buildings of Whitehallmarker, and the other stretches from Hungerford Bridgemarker to Waterloo Bridgemarker. The gardens contain many statues, including a monument to Bazalgette. The section of the gardens between Waterloo Bridgemarker and Charing Cross railway stationmarker also includes a large bandstand, where many musical performances are given, and the watergate of the former York Housemarker.The water gate, its main historical feature, was built in 1626 for the Duke of Buckinghammarker.
York Water Gate and the Adelphi from the River by Moonlight, circa 1850.


Route

The Victoria Embankment (part of the A3211) starts at Westminster Bridgemarker, just north of the Palace of Westminstermarker, then follows the course of the north bank, past Hungerford Bridgemarker and Waterloo Bridgemarker, before ending at Blackfriars Bridgemarker. Shell Mex Housemarker, the Savoy Hotelmarker and Savoy Placemarker are located between the Embankment and the Strandmarker.

Transport

London Underground stations along Victoria Embankment are Westminstermarker, Embankmentmarker, Charing Crossmarker, Templemarker and Blackfriarsmarker. The former Aldwych tube stationmarker was also located nearby. London Bus routes 388 and N50 are the only bus routes along the Embankment, perhaps because of the proliferation of tube stations along the route.

Victoria Embankment was also the southern end of the Kingsway Tramway Subwaymarker.

Tourist attractions

Ships permanently moored by Victoria Embankment include HMS Presidentmarker and HMS Wellingtonmarker. Other attractions include Cleopatra's Needle and the modernistic Cleopatra's Kiosk.

References


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