The term Victorian architecture
can refer to one
of a number of architectural
predominantly employed during the Victorian era
. As with the latter, the period
of building that it covers may slightly overlap the actual reign,
20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901, of Queen Victoria
whom it is named.
Varieties of Victorian architecture
Styles conceived in the Victorian era
Other movements popularized in the period
While not uniquely Victorian, and part of revivals that began
before the era, these styles are strongly associated with the
Victorian era due to the large number of examples that were erected
in that period
Examples of Victorian architecture
There are also Folk and Shingle Style Victorian houses. The names
of architectural styles (as well as their adaptations) varied
between countries. Many homes combined the elements of several
different styles and are not easily distinguishable as one
particular style or another. In the USA, highly decorated houses
are sometimes called gingerbread
Victorian era cities include Albany, New York (USA), Boston (USA),
Chicago (USA), Detroit (USA),
Texas (USA), Glasgow (UK),
Michigan (USA), Jersey City/Hoboken (USA), Kolkata (India),
London (UK), Louisville, Kentucky (USA), Manchester (UK), Melbourne (Australia), Mumbai (India),
Orleans (USA), Philadelphia (USA), Pittsburgh (USA), Richmond (USA), Saint Paul, Minnesota (USA), San Francisco (USA), St. Louis, Missouri (USA), Sydney (Australia), Toronto
USA, the South End of Boston is
recognized by the National Register of
Historic Places as the oldest and largest Victorian
neighborhood in the country. Old Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky also claims to be the nation's largest Victorian
Virginia is home to several large Victorian neighborhoods,
the most prominent being The Fan and Church Hill.
Church Hill has the
distinction of being the place where Patrick Henry gave his famous Give me liberty or give me
death speech at historic Saint John's church. The Fan is best
known locally as Richmond's largest and most 'European' of
Richmond's neighborhoods and nationally as the largest
contiguous Victorian neighborhood in the United
District in Toronto contains the largest and best preserved
collection of Victorian-era industrial architecture in North
America. Cabbagetown is the largest and most continuous Victorian
residential area in North America. Other Toronto
Victorian neighbourhoods include The
Annex, Corktown, Parkdale, and Rosedale.
The photo album L'Architecture Americaine
by Albert Levy
published in 1886 is
perphaps the first recognition in Europe of the new forces emerging
in American architecture.
Old West End neighborhood of Toledo, Ohio is recognized as having the largest collection of
late Victorian and Edwardian
homes in the United States, east of the Mississippi.
Avenue in Los Angeles contains that city's highest
concentration of Victorian homes.
Image:Bishopgate.jpg|Victorian slums in Wetherby, West
Aston Webb building at the University
of Birmingham, UK.Image:Santa Fe passenger terminal in San
Diego prior to 1915.jpg|The California Southern Railroad's
California passenger terminal, built in
1887.Image:Victorian home restored.JPG|An example
of the American Queen Anne style in Lebanon, Illinois.
"gingerbread" house.Image:AlamedaVictorian.jpg|A Victorian house
CaliforniaImage:royal_exhibition_building_tulips_straight.jpg|Melbourne's world heritage Royal
Exhibition Building and fountain built in 1880Image:Old rialto
melbourne.jpg|Rialto buildings, Melbourne, built during the city's land boom of
1888Image:Banff Springs Hotel1.jpg|Banff
Springs Hotel, built in 1888Image:Mayfield_old_house1.JPG| A grand
Victorian style house located on the corner of Hanbury Street and
Highfield Street, Mayfield, New South
Wales, AustraliaImage:victorian-barrie.jpg|Late Victorian
farmhouse near Barrie,
Farmstead built in 1899, is a Victorian style farmstead that is a Provincial Historic
Site of Alberta located in the National Historic Site, Stirling,
Alberta, Canada.Image:University of Glasgow Gilbert Scott
Building - Feb 2008-2.jpg|The Gilbert Scott Building of University
of Glasgow, as viewed from Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow.
example of the Gothic Revival
style.Image:Glasgow City Chambers.jpg|The front
elevation of the Glasgow City Chambers, as seen from George Square, Glasgow.
Image:Queen Anne House.jpg| The C. A. Belden
House, a Queen Anne Victorian in the Pacific Heights
section on Gough Street
Between Clay and Washington Streets. The house is on the
National Register of Historic Places in San Francisco.Image:Saitta House Dyker Heights.JPG| The
Saitta House, Dyker Heights, Brooklyn, New York built in 1899 is designed in the Queen Anne Style.Image:The Oval
Pavilion.jpg| The Victorian Pavilion at The Oval cricket ground in London.Image:Art&Science.jpg|Victorian School
of Art and Science at Stroud, GloucestershireImage:HardwickHouseEstate.jpg|House on the
House estate near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk
- Dixon, Roger and Muthesius, Stephan.
- Victorian architecture.
- Thames & Hudson: 1978.
- ISBN 0-500-18163-2
- Prentice, Helaine Kaplan, Rehab Right, Ten-Speed
Press. ISBN 0-89815-172-4, includes descriptions of
different Victorian and early 20th Century architectural styles
common in the San Francisco Bay Area, particularly Oakland, and detailed instructions for repair and
restoration of details common to older house styles.