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The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly employed during the Victorian era. As with the latter, the period of building that it covers may slightly overlap the actual reign, 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901, of Queen Victoria after whom it is named.

Varieties of Victorian architecture

Styles conceived in the Victorian era

Other movements popularized in the period

While not uniquely Victorian, and part of revivals that began before the era, these styles are strongly associated with the Victorian era due to the large number of examples that were erected in that period

Examples of Victorian architecture

There are also Folk and Shingle Style Victorian houses. The names of architectural styles (as well as their adaptations) varied between countries. Many homes combined the elements of several different styles and are not easily distinguishable as one particular style or another. In the USA, highly decorated houses are sometimes called gingerbread houses.

Notable Victorian era cities include Albany, New Yorkmarker (USA), Bostonmarker (USA), Brooklynmarker (USA), Chicagomarker (USA), Detroitmarker (USA), Galena, Illinoismarker (USA), Galveston, Texasmarker (USA), Glasgowmarker (UK), Grand Rapids, Michiganmarker (USA), Jersey Citymarker/Hoboken (USA), Kolkatamarker (India), Londonmarker (UK), Louisville, Kentuckymarker (USA), Manchestermarker (UK), Melbournemarker (Australia), Mumbaimarker (India), Nelsonmarker, New Orleansmarker (USA), Philadelphiamarker (USA), Pittsburghmarker (USA), Richmondmarker (USA), Saint Paul, Minnesotamarker (USA), San Franciscomarker (USA), St. Louis, Missourimarker (USA), Sydney (Australia), Torontomarker (Canada).

In the USA, the South Endmarker of Bostonmarker is recognized by the National Register of Historic Places as the oldest and largest Victorian neighborhood in the country. Old Louisvillemarker in Louisville, Kentuckymarker also claims to be the nation's largest Victorian neighborhood.

Richmond, Virginiamarker is home to several large Victorian neighborhoods, the most prominent being The Fanmarker and Church Hill. Church Hill has the distinction of being the place where Patrick Henry gave his famous Give me liberty or give me death speech at historic Saint John's churchmarker. The Fanmarker is best known locally as Richmond's largest and most 'European' of Richmond's neighborhoods and nationally as the largest contiguous Victorian neighborhood in the United States.

The Distillery Districtmarker in Toronto contains the largest and best preserved collection of Victorian-era industrial architecture in North America. Cabbagetownmarker is the largest and most continuous Victorian residential area in North America. Other Toronto Victorian neighbourhoods include The Annex, Corktownmarker, Parkdalemarker, and Rosedale.

The photo album L'Architecture Americaine by Albert Levy published in 1886 is perphaps the first recognition in Europe of the new forces emerging in American architecture.

The Old West End neighborhood of Toledo, Ohiomarker is recognized as having the largest collection of late Victorian and Edwardian homes in the United States, east of the Mississippimarker.

Carroll Avenuemarker in Los Angeles contains that city's highest concentration of Victorian homes.

Image:Bishopgate.jpg|Victorian slums in Wetherbymarker, West YorkshireImage:BirminghamUniversityChancellorsCourt.jpg|The Aston Webb building at the University of Birminghammarker, UK.Image:Santa Fe passenger terminal in San Diego prior to 1915.jpg|The California Southern Railroad's San Diego, Californiamarker passenger terminal, built in 1887.Image:Victorian home restored.JPG|An example of the American Queen Anne style in Lebanon, Illinoismarker.Image:Gingerbread (architecture).jpg|A "gingerbread" house.Image:AlamedaVictorian.jpg|A Victorian house in Alameda, CaliforniamarkerImage:royal_exhibition_building_tulips_straight.jpg|Melbournemarker's world heritage Royal Exhibition Buildingmarker and fountain built in 1880Image:Old rialto melbourne.jpg|Rialto buildings, Melbournemarker, built during the city's land boom of 1888Image:Banff Springs Hotel1.jpg|Banff Springs Hotelmarker, built in 1888Image:Mayfield_old_house1.JPG| A grand Victorian style house located on the corner of Hanbury Street and Highfield Street, Mayfieldmarker, New South Walesmarker, AustraliaImage:victorian-barrie.jpg|Late Victorian farmhouse near Barrie, Ontariomarker, CanadaImage:Stirling.jpg|Michelsen Farmsteadmarker built in 1899, is a Victorian style farmstead that is a Provincial Historic Site of Alberta located in the National Historic Site, Stirling, Albertamarker, Canada.Image:University of Glasgow Gilbert Scott Building - Feb 2008-2.jpg|The Gilbert Scott Building of University of Glasgowmarker, as viewed from Kelvingrove Parkmarker, Glasgowmarker. An example of the Gothic Revival style.Image:Glasgow City Chambers.jpg|The front elevation of the Glasgow City Chambersmarker, as seen from George Squaremarker, Glasgowmarker.Image:Queen Anne House.jpg| The C. A. Belden House, a Queen Anne Victorian in the Pacific Heights section on Gough Street Between Clay and Washington Streets. The house is on the National Register of Historic Places in San Franciscomarker.Image:Saitta House Dyker Heights.JPG| The Saitta House, Dyker Heightsmarker, Brooklynmarker, New York built in 1899 is designed in the Queen Anne Style.Image:The Oval Pavilion.jpg| The Victorian Pavilion at The Ovalmarker cricket ground in London.Image:Art&Science.jpg|Victorian School of Art and Science at Stroudmarker, GloucestershiremarkerImage:HardwickHouseEstate.jpg|House on the Hardwick Housemarker estate near Bury St Edmundsmarker, Suffolk

See also


  1. Dixon, Roger and Muthesius, Stephan.
  2. Victorian architecture.
  3. Thames & Hudson: 1978.
  4. ISBN 0-500-18163-2
  5. Prentice, Helaine Kaplan, Rehab Right, Ten-Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-172-4, includes descriptions of different Victorian and early 20th Century architectural styles common in the San Francisco Bay Area, particularly Oaklandmarker, and detailed instructions for repair and restoration of details common to older house styles.

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