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Victorville is a city located in the Victor Valley of southwestern San Bernardino County, Californiamarker. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2000 census, this city had a total population of 64,030. The May 1, 2008, population estimate released by the state of California for Victorville was 107,720.

Geography and Climate

Victorville is located at 34°31'14" North, 117°20'40" West (34.520459, -117.344525) .

Victorville is located at the southeastern edge of the Mojave Desert, northeast of Los Angelesmarker, south of Barstowmarker, east of Palmdalemarker, and north of San Bernardinomarker through the Cajon Passmarker on Interstate 15. Victorville is the location of offices of the "Mojave Desert Branch" of the San Bernardino County government.

Victorville is bordered by Apple Valleymarker on the east, Hesperiamarker on the south, and Adelantomarker on the west. The Mojave Rivermarker flows sporadically through Victorville. The elevation at City Hall is approximately above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 189.8 km² (73.3 mi²). 188.5 km² (72.8 mi²) of it is land and 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.71% water.

The summer climate for this area in the Mojave Desert may be hotter than the Los Angeles basin, but actually it is 10 or 15 degrees cooler than in the Colorado Desert. The National Weather Service has maintained a weather station in Victorville since 1917. Official records show that Victorville has an arid climate with cool winters and hot summers. Average January temperatures range from a maximum of to a minimum of . Average July temperatures range from a maximum of to a minimum of . The record high temperature was on July 10, 2002. The record low temperature was on January 17, 1949. There are an average of 109 days with highs of or higher and an average of 79 days with lows of or lower.

The average annual precipitation in Victorville is . There is an average of 25 days annually with measurable precipitation. The wettest year recorded was 1983 with and the dryest year recorded was 1953 with . The most precipitation in one month was in February 1944. The most precipitation in 24 hours was on February 24, 1998. Snowfall in Victorville averages only annually. The most snowfall in one month was on January 1949, including on January 14. Snowfall is rather common during the winter months in the higher mountains south of Victorville, especially around Cajon Passmarker.

Demographics

In 2005, the city was estimated to contain 86,473 people, 30,000 households, and 21,000 families residing in the city. The population density is 339.7/km² (879.7/mi²). There are 22,498 housing units at an average density of 119.4/km² (309.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 41.92% White, 16.05% African American, 1.11% Native American, 1.48% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 16.26% from other races, and 5.98% from two or more races. 50.46% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 30,000 households out of which 43.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% are married couples living together, 16.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% are non-families. 19.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.03 and the average family size is 3.47.

In the city the population is spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $36,187, and the median income for a family is $39,988. Males have a median income of $40,149 versus $26,138 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,454. 18.7% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.6% of those under the age of 18 and 10.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

For the year ending July 2007, Victorville experienced the second-highest population growth rate in the country, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. That year, the population rose 9.5%, to 107,221.

In July 2009, Victorville was confirmed the decade's fastest-growing city of over 100,000 in California, and among the fastest-growing cities in the United Statesmarker.

Politics

In the state legislature Victorville is located in the 17th Senate District, represented by Republican George Runner, and in the 36th Assembly District, represented by Republican Steve Knight. Federally, Victorville is located in California's 25th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7 and is represented by Republican Buck McKeon.

History

In 1858, Aaron G. Lane came to the High Desert and created the hamlet of "Lane's Crossing", which for many years was a provider of shelter and supplies for people making the journey across the desert from the east to San Bernardino. Lane's Crossing was on the Mojave River just north of where the river crosses Interstate 15. Captain Lane was a Mexican-American War veteran who had suffered from malaria during that war. Originally he migrated west to join the California gold rush, but he found out that it was better to sell supplies to the miners than to pan for gold. He settled in Ione near Sutter's Mill in northern California during those years, but he migrated to San Bernardino in 1857. Although his health did not improve much there, he found that the dry desert air was comforting to him. He settled there in 1858. He was a rancher and became involved in Mojave Valley politics, providing the first polling place in the high desert at his home. That first year, ten citizens cast their votes at Lane's residence, rather than making the long trip to San Bernardino.

About 1895, the village was named "Victor" for the California Southern Railroad's General Manager Jacob Nash Victor. In 1901, the U.S. Post Office Department changed that name to Victorville to avoid confusion with the town of Victor, Coloradomarker.

In 1926, the highway U.S. Route 66 was begun, and it passed through Victorville. Today, that former route is the primary street through Old Town Victorville, known as Seventh Street.

In 1940, Herman J. Mankiewicz and John Houseman wrote the first two drafts of the script for the film Citizen Kane in Victorville, while residing at the Green Spot motel along Route 66. That film's producer and director, Orson Welles, had sent the two of them to write in semi-seclusion - due to Mankiewicz's outrageous drinking propensities.

The Victorville Army Airfieldmarker was constructed beginning in 1941, and this airfield became the George Air Force Basemarker when the U.S. Air Force was established in October, 1947.

After decades of service to the Air Force, in 1992 the George Air Force Base was closed, and its land turned over to other uses. Part of it is now the Southern California Logistics Airportmarker. The former Air Force base housing area is now vacant, and it forms a ghost town that is used for military training by troops from the U.S. Army's Fort Irwin Military Reservation. On another part of the grounds of the former Air Force Base has been built the Victorville Federal Penitentiary.

The city of Victorville was officially incorporated by the State of Califonia on September 21, 1962.

On August 14, 1977, the actor Ron Haydock was struck and killed while hitch-hiking near Victorville.

In 2003, the practically bankrupt Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum was moved from Victorville to Branson, Missourimarker, for another try at solvency.

On November 3, 2007, Victorville hosted the DARPA Urban Challenge, a six-hour autonomous robot driving contest through the streets of the Southern California Logistics Airport. The Carnegie Mellon Universitymarker team, known as Tartan Racing, won the two million dollar first prize, with the Stanford Universitymarker Racing Team winning a one million dollar check for finishing second. Team Victor Tango, made up of faculty and students from the Virginia Polytechnic Institutemarker won $500,000 for finishing third.

“Robots some­times stun the world, in­spire a lot of peo­ple and change the be­lief of what is pos­si­ble,” said Wil­liam “Red” Whit­ta­ker, a Car­ne­gie Mel­lon Univ. robotics pro­fes­sor and the lead­er of the un­ivers­ity’s Tar­tan Rac­ing team. “We’ve seen that here and once the pe­rception of what’s pos­si­ble changes it nev­er goes back. This is a phe­nom­e­nal thing for robotics.”

Old Town Victorville

A revitalization project started in 1995 in the oldest part of the city, which encompasses ten square blocks along Historic Route 66. They still consist mostly of empty buildings, but there is the Veteran's Memorial on the corner of Seventh Street and Forrest Ave, the Route 66 Museum on D Street, and the Old Victor School on Sixth Street

Filming location

Victorville has been used for commercial filming several times:

Notable residents



References

  1. http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca9325


External links




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