Vidhan Parishad also known as Legislative
Council forms a part of the state legislatures of India.
In 6 of
India's 28 states
Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jammu and
Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh), the Legislative Council serves as the upper house
of a bicameral legislature.
It is a house indirectly elected
by the people. It is also a permanent house because it cannot be
dissolved. Also, only one-third of its members run for election
every 2 years. Every MLC
serves for a term
of 6 years.
Qualifications required to become an MLC
an MLC, a person must be a citizen of
India, not under 30 years of age.
He should be
mentally sound but should not be bankrupt. His name should be on
the voter's list of the state from where he is contesting the
Membership of the Vidhan Parishad
The size of the Vidhan Parishad cannot be more than one-third the
membership of the Vidhan Sabha
Legislative Assembly (lower house) of that state. But its size cannot be
less than 40 except in Jammu and Kashmir where there are 36 by an Act of Parliament.
One-sixth of its
membership is nominated by the Governor from among persons who have
excelled in science
, social service
other activities. Another one-third is elected by the local
government bodies and one-twelfth by teachers of secondary schools
2007, the State of Andhra
Pradesh re-established its Legislative Council.
State's main opposition party,, the Telugu Desam Party
, has stated that it
would abolish the council again if it comes to power in the
state.After the victory of the Akali Dal-BJP in Punjab, newly
elected Chief Minister Prakash Singh
stated that he would re-constitute the state's Vidhan
Critics of the Vidhan Parishad put forward similar arguments as
those against India's upper house of parliament, the Rajya Sabha
. The main contention is that the
upper houses, intended to let accomplished persons from a
non-political background have a say in governance, have rather
become a place to put unelectable politicians.