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Vinnytsia ( , ) (also known by other names) is a city located on the banks of the Southern Buh Rivermarker, in central Ukrainemarker. It is the administrative center of the Vinnytsia Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Vinnytskyi Raion (district) within the oblast. The city itself is also designated as its own separate raion within the oblast, and rests in the historic region of Podillia.

The current estimated population is 350,400.

Since the end of World War II, Vinnytsia has been the home for a major Air force base, including an airfield, a hospital, arsenals, and other military installations. The Ukrainian Air Force Command has been based in Vinnytsia since 1992.

A cathedral in Vinnytsia (1758).


Names

Vinnytsia is also known by a variety of other names, such as Vinnytsya, Vinnitsa ( ) and Vinnica ( ). Some of these reflect names in foreign languages that have had historical influences on the city.

Geography

Vinnytsia is located about from the Ukrainian capital, Kievmarker, from the port city Odessamarker, and from Lvivmarker.

Climate

A long lasting warm summer with a sufficient quantity of moisture and a comparatively short winter is characteristic of Vinnytsia. The average temperature in January is and in July. The average annual precipitation is .

Throughout the year, 6–9 days per year include snowstorms, 37–60 days of the year include mists during the cold period, and 3–5 days include thunder storms with hail.

Mansion-museum of Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov.


History

Vinnytsia has been an important trade and political center since as early as the sixteenth century. More specifically, the city played a significant role during the Cossack wars as well as during World War II. Great Purge victims' graves were exhumed by the Germans in 1943.

Adolf Hitler sited his easternmost headquarters FHQ Wehrwolfmarker near the town and spent a number of weeks there in 1942 and early 1943.

Nazi atrocities were committed in and near Vinnytsia by Einsatzgruppe Dmarker. Estimates of the number of victims run as high as 28 thousand.

Note

  1. World's Famous Photos site (accessed 2009 September 10).


Constructions

  • TV Tower Vinnytsiamarker
  • Baptist Church -- Vinnytsia is home to what is reportedly one of the largest Evangelical Church Buildings in all of Europe.
  • Afghan War Museum and Slavic War Memorial Park -- The Afghan War Museum is located in the red-brick bell tower. Exhibits include photos, letters and other artifacts representing Vinnytsia soldiers who fought in that war. The Memorial Park contains a large statue representing three different soldiers from WWII. An eternal flame burns in front of the statue.


Famous people from Vinnytsia

Vinnytsia's water tower.


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Vinnytsia is twinned with:

See also



External links




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