Voith AG, which is headquartered in Germany, is a
family-run corporation in the mechanical engineering sector with
Corporate Group is led by the Voith AG headquarters in Heidenheim, located in the German
State of Baden-Württemberg.
Here, the headquarters serves as a
, with the executive board
establishing general business strategies, taking overall
responsibility for the groups operations, and providing support to
the group’s affiliate companies.
The Voith AG has 37,000 employees worldwide, with 4,200 working at
its Heidenheim facility. For the 2006/07 business year, the
consolidated group had revenues of €4,2 billion, profits of €179
million and a new order volume of €5,1 billion.
The Voith Group consists of four commercial sectors: Voith Paper,
Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation, Voith Turbo, and Voith
Industrial Services. Overall management of the group is provided by
the Voith AG executive board which serves a management-holding,
being supported by a stockholder committee as well as a supervisory
is a leading supplier in the
international paper industry, supporting all aspects of the
paper-making process from fibers to end products. Voith Paper's
product portfolio includes machines for newsprint paper
, protective and specialised papers
(decorative paper, thermal paper
, tissue paper
) as well as graphic papers,
sanitary papers and cardboard
one third of the global paper production is performed on Voith
Paper production systems.
- Management: Voith Paper Holding GmbH & Co. KG, Heidenheim,
Germany. Divisions: Fiber & Environmental Solutions, Paper
Machines, Fabric and Roll Systems, and Automation.
- Revenues (2005/06): aprx. €1.57 billion
- Employees: 9,977
- Percentage of total group revenues: 42%
- Products: Fiber & Environmental Solutions
- Paper Machines: Process solutions for
the production of graphic papers, board & packaging papers,
tissue, specialty papers
- Automation: Complete systems for new and existing machines, as
well as solutions for upgrades and rebuilds
- Fabric & Roll Systems: The Fabric & Roll Systems
Division provides forming press and dryer fabrics, as well as press
sleeves; roll covers and coatings; service for complex rolls,
cylinders and components; on-site service; measuring technology;
diagnostic solutions; and roll design and optimization
(former Voith Siemens Hydro
Power Generation) is a joint venture
between Voith and Siemens
, which is now a
leading complete-system supplier for hydropower
stations. Currently, a third of
the world’s hydroelectric power is produced with turbines and generators from Voith Hydro including
major projects such as: Niagara Falls (1903), Itaipu (1976), and
- Management: Voith Hydro GmbH & Co. KG, Heidenheim,
- Divisions: Large Scale Projects, Small Hydro, Control and
Automation Technologies, Integrated Service
- Revenues (2005/06): aprx. €614 million
- Employees: 2,436
- Percentage of total group revenues: 16%
- Comprehensive equipment for hydroelectric power stations:
Francis turbine, Pelton turbine and Kaplan turbines, as well as pump
- Generators or generator-motor units for all turbine types,
sensor and diagnostic systems, frequency converters, safety
systems, switching systems for all voltages and transformers.
Automated operations and control systems for power stations, remote
control stations, optimization and diagnostic systems.
- Consulting, engineering, assembly and commissioning. Servicing
and modernization of existing hydroelectric power stations. Storage
pumps, as well as radial, semi-axial and axial flow pumps.
specialises in mechanical,
hydrodynamic, electric and electronic propulsion, as well as
systems. Worldwide, these systems are
used in industrial plants, as well as in road and rail vehicles
. In the field of turbo-transmission
, Voith Turbo-Transmissions
world’s market leader. The Voith Retarder
, is one of the
best known hydrodynamic braking systems and is found in many
utility vehicles. In addition, other Voith drive systems, such as
the Voith Schneider
, are used by marine vessels.
- Management: Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG, Heidenheim,
- Divisions: Industrial, Road, Rail, Marine, and Trading
- Revenues (2005/06): aprx. €894 million
- Employees: 4,264
- Percentage of total group revenues: 24%
- Industrial products: Hydrodynamic clutches, adjustable
hydrodynamic clutches, adjustable planetary gearing Vorecon ,
torque-converters, mechanical clutches, hydrostatic components,
Hirth spur gearing, high-duty universal shafts, safety clutches,
elastic clutches, control systems for steam and gas turbines.
- Road products: Automatic transmissions for buses, hydrodynamic
retarders and shock absorbers for buses and utility vehicles.
- Rail products: Drive systems for rail vehicles such as
turbo-transmissions, bogie transmissions, anti-slip differentials,
universal shafts, cooling systems, Scharfenberg clutches
(automatic, semi-permanent) as well as bumpers and locomotive
- Marine products: Voith Schneider Propellers, Voith Water
Tractors, Voith Cycloidal Rudders, Voith Turbo Fins, and Voith
In 2005 Voith Turbo started production of its Voith Maxima
series of locomotives; transitioning from a component
supplier to a full vehicle supplier.. On 23 December 2008, the
Voith Maxima - 40 C' C' diesel locomotive was officially approved
for traffic by the German Federal Railway Authority.
Voith Industrial Services
Voith Industrial Services
is one of the leading suppliers of technical services covering:
cleaning, engineering, industrial assembly, facility management
and process management
. These services are
provided through Voith's subsidiary companies: DIW Deutsche
Industriewartung AG, the Premier Group, and Hörmann Industrial
- Management: Voith Industrial Services Holding GmbH, Heidenheim,
Germany. Divisions: Facility Service, Process Service
- Revenues (2005/06): aprx. €655 million
- Employees: 16,858
- Percentage of total group revenues: 17%
- Facility services: On-site facility management, technical
cleaning and maintenance of production systems – for all major
- Process services: Comprehensive production processing services
tailored to individual industries, including: production planning,
engineering, assembly, maintenance and the modernization of
machinery or production systems.
The Voith family
Johann Matthäus Voith
In 1825, Johann Matthäus
(1803–1874) took over the machining workshop with five
craftsmen from his father Johannes in Heidenheim, Germany, which
today is the still the site of Voith's headquarters. In the
original workshop, tooling and spare parts were produced for local
paper and textile mills.
In the mid 1800s
, Johann Matthäus Voith began
developing spinning machines
reprocessing machines and printing
. In 1848, he began working with the Heidenheim paper
producer Heinrich Voelter
(1817–1887), with the common goal of mass producing paper via a new
method using wood pulp
Johann Matthäus Voith refined this new process, and in 1859 he
created the first "Raffineur", a machine that refined the raw wood
pulp and thereby significantly improved the quality of paper
products. When his son Friedrich Voith (1840–1913) eventually took
over the company, it had 30 employees.
Friedrich Voith was also an innovator:
designing and building his own version of a Voith wood grinder for
the Uhingen paper mill,
and improving the design of the original Raffineur.
he was awarded his first patent
for this new
design. The new pulp processing machine further enhanced the
quality of paper, making large scale production possible and laying
the cornerstone for modern newspaper publishing.
At about the same time, Friedrich Voith decided to begin working on
, and in 1870, the
first Voith turbine was delivered. In 1873, the first Francis turbine
was produced, and in the
same year Friedrich Voith was awarded a Medal of Achievement for
his innovations at the World Fair in Vienna. Thereafter, Voith
decided to move beyond the production of individual components for
paper machines. In 1881, he built a new machining plant, the
Maschinenfabrik J. M. Voith, and he delivered the first complete
paper-making machine to his customer Raitelhuber, Bezner & Cie.
in Gemmrigheim, Germany.
By the end of the 1800s, Friedrich Voith was busy developing new
business contacts in Europe and overseas. His company, now offered
machinery covering the entire spectrum of paper
production and it was the market leader. In
recognition of his accomplishments, in 1890, King Karl I of Württemberg
selected Voith to join his economic council. Later in 1903,
Friedrich Voith founded the first Voith subsidiary in St. Pölten, Austria.
At the time of Friedrich Voith's
death in 1913, his production plants in Heidenheim and St. Pölten
employed over 3,000 people - including his three sons, Walther,
Hermann and Hanns, who also worked in different parts of the
Walther and Hermann Voith
Following the death of Friedrich Voith, his sons Walther
(1874–1947), Hermann (1878–1942) and Hanns Voith (1885–1971)
jointly managed the company.
Walther Voith took charge of the St. Pölten plant with 230
employees. Hermann Voith managed the overall commercial affairs
from the Heidenheim factory, and Hanns headed the technical
department in Heidenheim. Together, they expanded the company’s
role in industrial drive technologies, and in 1929 Voith produced
the first hydrodynamic
transmission using the Föttinger Principle.
After the deaths of his older brothers, Hanns Voith
assumed sole ownership of the
company. Following World War II
Voith and Hugo Rupf
, who served as
Executive Board Chairman, then launched the company into a new
phase of growth. Under Hanns Voith's leadership, the development
and construction of paper-making machines reached a new record.
Voith also began its international expansion, investments in other
businesses were made, and some company take-overs occurred.
milestone during this period was the founding of the Voith S.A. in
Paulo, Brazil, in 1964.
Shortly afterwards, Hanns
Voith died on 7 January 1971.
Voith is one of largest family-run businesses in Europe, and is
still owned by Hanns Voith's family members, although they no
longer take operational control of the company. Today, the company
is directed by a management-holding from its headquarters in
The Voith AG began as a small craftsman's workshop
in the former Kingdom of Württemberg
. In 1825,
Johann Matthäus Voith took over this workshop from his father
Johannes, which employed five craftsmen, and made tooling and spare
parts for local mills. The same site used by the original workshop
is now the home of the Voith AG Headquarters.
In the mid 1800s, Johann Matthäus Voith began developing machinery
re-processing and printing presses. In 1848, he began working with
the Heidenheim paper producer Heinrich Voelter (1817–1887), with
the common goal of mass producing paper. At that time, series
production of paper had failed due to the lack of rag-fiber which
was used as the raw material. Wood however, being a plentiful
renewable resource, was seen as an alternative. The very first
patent for producing paper from wood pulp
was awarded to Heinrich Voelter and Friedrich Gottlob Keller in
1846. Johann Matthäus Voith studied that patent, and then
dramatically improved Keller’s design. As a result, the first
Raffineur was born in 1859 – a machine that significantly refined
raw wood pulp and therefore greatly improved the quality of
In 1867, Johann Matthäus Voith transferred control of the company
to his son Friedrich, which had 30 employees. In that same year,
Friedrich Voith officially registered the company in the local
trading register for the first time under the name: Maschinenfabrik
J. M. Voith. In 1869, Voith received his first patent for a wood
grinder. This wood grinder was a major step forward for paper
mills: allowing them to use economical, renewable cellulose-fiber,
while improving paper quality, and setting the cornerstone for
modern newspaper publishing. In 1881, Voith delivered the first
complete paper-making machine to Raithelhuber, Bezner & Cie in
Gemmrigheim, Germany. Voith's invention had opened an entirely new
market, and a surge in new orders helped his company to rapidly
expand. By the mid 1890s
, Voith machines were
available for every stage of the paper-making process.
During the same timeframe, Voith began working on turbines
. By 1879, the first Voith turbine regulator
had been built, based on the designs from Adolf Pfarr, and it
proved to be a decisive step for the generation of electricity
through the force of water. By 1890, Voith had even begun
deliveries of a high-pressure open-jet turbine. And in the same
year, Friedrich Voith was named by King Karl I of Württemberg to
join his council of commercial advisors in recognition of his
successful business achievements. At the company's 25th anniversary
in 1892, 330 people were employed by Voith, and it was one of the
largest companies in the Kingdom of Württemberg.
Voith subsidiary, located in St. Pölten, Austria, was founded
in 1903, and in that same year, Voith received the largest order in
its history: Voith was to build the world's largest water turbines,
having , for the Niagara Falls
Hydroelectric Power Station.
This project turned out to
be a milestone for both the company as well as for the history of
Voith Drive Technology
In 1911, Voith built the fastest and widest machine of its time for
reel-fed printing papers, at its plant in St. Pölten, Austria.
Shortly thereafter in 1913, Friedrich Voith died, and left behind a
strong company with 3,000 employees, and a leading position in the
paper, as well as energy markets. His three sons then shared the
company's management responsibilities: Walther took charge of the
St. Pölten plant, Hermann managed the commercial affairs in the
main facility in Heidenheim, and Hanns headed the technical
After World War I
, the three brothers
decided to expand the company and to concentrate on drive
technologies. By 1922, Voith had begun building transmission gear
assemblies, based on its fluid-dynamics know-how gained from
previous turbine projects. This turned out to be yet another
breakthrough, which was achieved with the aid of Hermann Föttinger,
and his pioneering research on hydrodynamic energy transfers. In
that same year, the first Kaplan
was produced by Voith, being named for its inventor
By 1929, the first Voith hydrodynamic clutches based on the
Föttinger Principle were in use at the Herdecke pumped-storage
hydropower station. Thereafter, similar transmissions for road and
were developed. At the
same time, the company became known for the hydrodynamic drives and
transmissions that it supplied to industrial production facilities.
In addition, Voith launched a new product, the Voith Schneider Propeller
commercial vessels, which would make the company famous worldwide
in the coming decades. This new marine drive could significantly
improve the manoeuvrability of a ship
invented by the Vienna engineer Ernst Schneider, and enhanced by
After successful sea trials on the test boat Torqueo
1937, the first Voith Schneider Propellers were put into operation
in the narrow canals of Venice, Italy. During the 1937 World Fair
in Paris, Voith was awarded the grand
prize – three times – for its exhibition of Voith Schneider
Propellers and Voith turbo-transmissions. A year later, two of
operating with the new VSP system.
Following the death of Hermann Voith, Hanns Voith led the company
in 1942. Later on 24 April 1945, when American troops occupied
Heidenheim, it was Hanns Voith who personally surrendered the city
to the US Army
. During World War II
, 600 of the company's 4,000
employees had either been killed or were missing.
Following World War II, Hannes Voith and Hugo Rupf, who served as
Executive Board Chairman, then launched a high-growth phase for the
company. Their first post-war delivery was a Voith
turbine for Norway in
1947. Then major orders started pouring in: In 1949
eight Voith Schneider Propellers went to the United Africa Co, 46 Voith
turbo-transmissions were shipped to Brazil, and in
1951, a new paper-making machine was delivered to Holland.
the same time, Voith's new triple-converter transmission for
motorised railcars, and its DIWA bus transmissions
made Voith the market
leader in drive technology. In 1953, Voith produced Europe's
fastest newsprint paper machine for the Feldmühle AG: running at
speeds of 600 metre
/min, and producing up
to 200 tons
each day. At the 1958 World's Fair in
Brussels, Voith was awarded a gold medal for developing the first
turbo-transmission for the diesel-hydraulic locomotives
the Deutsche Bundesbahn
Throughout the 1960s
, Voith rapidly expanded
to become an internationally active corporation. In 1962, Voith
participated on Europe's largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power
station in Vianden, Luxembourg, by supplying two spiral turbines, four storage
pumps, and two pump turbines. For years later,
Voith set another record by delivering the widest newsprint machine
in the world to Sweden.
Between 1962 and 1966, the company also made major investments in
the Indian company Utkal Machinery Ltd., and the Spanish company
Talleres de Tolosa. Voith also took over the tooling and paper
machine manufacturer Dörries, as well as founding new sales offices
in Great Britain and France. In addition, a new subsidiary was
founded in Brazil in 1964: the Voith S.A. in São Paulo.
In the 1970s
, Voith developed its centrimatic
clutch, and the R130 retarder for buses and utility vehicles.
USA, Voith founded a subsidiary in Appleton, Wisconsin in 1974, and also became the major shareholder of
Morden Machines in Portland, Oregon.
Two years later, Voith founded its first
Japanese subsidiary. Following the death of Hanns Voith, Hugo Rupf
became the company's Managing
in 1971, and in 1973, he became the Chairman of the
Board of Directors.
Following the acquisition of Appleton Mills, USA in 1983, Voith
entered the market for paper machine clothing. In addition, Voith
took over the hydropower operations of the US market leader Allis
Chalmers in York,
Within a few years, Voith expanded its US
workforce from 200 to 1,300. In 1985, Voith also entered the India,
establishing a production plant in Hyderabad.
1990s, Voith began to expand its operations in
the Far East, concentrating on China.
Voith supplied the turbines for the world's largest pumped storage
hydroelectric power station at Guangzhou II.
And two years later, Voith received the
contract to build the world's largest fine paper machine in Dagang.
Kunshan and Liaoyang, China, the company also opened new production
plants in 1996.
Under the leadership of Michael Rogowski, who had been Voith's
spokesman since 1986, the company was reorganised, and it became a
management-holding, with independently operating commercial
sectors. In the following years, Voith's technical masterpieces
were the introduction of the R 115 integrated retarder in 1988, and
the commissioning of the largest European deinking facility in
Schongau in 1989.
In 1994, Voith and the Swiss company, Sulzer
merged their technical paper production activities. And in 1999, Voith
acquired the technical paper-making operations of the British company, Scapa - thereby
became the leader in machine clothing technologies.
year, the Voith Siemens
Generation was founded as a joint
between the two international leaders in turbine and
In 2000, Voith's leadership also changed hands, with Michael
Rogowski handing over the company's operational responsibilities to
Hermut Kormann. Under his leadership, Voith has become a worldwide,
family-run company - with orders totaling €4 billion, and a
workforce of 34,000 people. A key development has been Voith's
entry into the field of technical industrial service. By assuming
the controlling interest in the DIW Deutsche Industriewartung AG,
Stuttgart, the cornerstone was laid for the new commercial
division: Voith Industrial Services. In past years, this division
has seen considerable growth and other acquisitions
have also followed,
including: The Imo-Hüther Group, the US Premier Group and Hörmann
In May 2006, the new Voith Paper Technology Center was opened in
Heidenheim. In Scotland, Voith's subsidiary Wavegen
introduced the first wave-driven generator that can supply
electricity to a local power grid.
Chairman of the Board since 2008 is Dr.
. Supervisory Board Chairman is Dr. Michael
Rogowski, formerly Germany's BDI
assistant is Gerd Schaible, Assistant Chairman and Chairman of the
Voith Employee Association, Heidenheim, Germany.
- Voith Turbo Lokomotivtechnik
- Press release Voith Turbo