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The Volkswagen Passat is a family car built by Volkswagen Passenger Cars through six design generations since 1973. Slotting between the Volkswagen Golf / Volkswagen Jetta, and the Volkswagen Phaeton in the current Volkswagen line-up, the Passat has been badged variously as Dasher, Santana, Quantum, Magotan, Corsar and Carat. More recently, Volkswagen has extended its range with the launch of the Passat CC, a 4-door "coupé" version of the Passat.

The nameplate Passat derives from the German word for tradewind — and the period in its history when Volkswagen named vehicles after prominent winds, including also Golf (after Gulf Stream), Jetta (after Jet stream), Bora (after Bora) and Scirocco (after Sirocco).

History

The Passat falls in the middle of the sedan/saloon market segment, and was critical to Volkswagen on its introduction in 1973, as the sales of the aging Beetle were declining, and larger air-cooled rear-engined models like the Volkswagen Type 3 and 411 and 412 based on older technology were also failing to take hold in the market.

Following the Volkswagen Group's acquisition of Audi in 1964, Volkswagen used new engineering expertise to develop a modern front-wheel drive car with a water-cooled engine, and thus the Passat and Golf (the latter being introduced in 1974) were the first of a new generation of Volkswagen cars. The first Passat was developed partly from the Audi 80/Fox and, until 2005, the two shared a history.

During its development phase, the Passat was designated internally as Entwicklungs-Auftrag 400 (EA400 / Project 400), and well before its launch, production of the Volkswagen Type 3 at the Wolfsburgmarker plant had been stopped in order to free up capacity for the new car. Wolfsburg was able to ramp up production carefully: directly before Passat production started the lines were used to assemble small volumes of the car's Audi 80 sibling which had been launched a year earlier.

Passat Mk1 (B1, 1973–1981)

Volkswagen Passat Mark I 5-door Variant


B1 in Europe

The original Volkswagen Passat was launched in 1973. The body types offered originally were 2- and 4-door sedans and similar looking three- and five-door versions. Externally all four shared a modern fastback style design, styled by the Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. In essence, the first Passat was a fastback version of the mechanically identical Audi 80 sedan, introduced a year earlier. A five-door station wagon/estate was introduced in 1974. In Europe, the Passat was equipped with 2 rectangular, 2 round 7", or 4 round 5.5" headlights depending on specification.

The Passat was one of the most modern European family cars at the time, and was intended as a replacement for the aging Volkswagen Type 3 and Type 4. The Passat was Wheels magazine's Car of the Year for 1974 and its sister model Audi 80 was nominated car of the year by the European motor press a year earlier. The platform was named B1.

The Passat originally used the 4 cylinder OHC 1.3 l ( ) and 1.5 l ( / ) petrol engines also used in the Audi 80—longitudinally mounted with front-wheel drive, in Audi tradition, with either a 4-speed manual transmission or 3-speed automatic. It had a MacPherson strut front suspension with a solid axle/coil spring setup at the rear.

The SOHC 1.5 was enlarged to 1.6 l in August 1975 with unchanged power ratings and slightly higher torque ratings. In July 1978 the Passat Diesel became available, equipped with the VW Golf`s 1.5  l Diesel ( ), followed in February 1979 by the Passat GLI with a fuel-injected version of the 1.6 l engine.

The whole range received a facelift in 1977 (launched 1978 outside Europe), featuring an interior upgrade and subtly revised styling including repositioned indicators and depending on model, either 4 round or 2 rectangular headlights.

B1 in North America

In North America, the car was called the Dasher. The three- and four-door hatchback and a station wagon model were launched in North America for and during the 1974 model year. Sole available engine was a carburetted 1.5 l inline-four developing (or in 1975), supplanted from model year 1976 by a Bosch fuel-injected 1.6 l four . North American cars were equipped with single DOT standard headlights.

1979 saw the introduction of the 1.5 l diesel engine, which produced just 48 PS (35 kW) in the 1130 kg (2500 lb) car. 0–100 km/h time for the Diesel was 19.4 seconds, 6.2 seconds slower than the gasoline (petrol) engine. All gasoline engines were dropped for North America in 1981 in preparation for the next generation.

B1 in Brazil

In Brazil, the Passat B1 was produced from 1974 until 1988. In 1986 many improvements from the B2 platform where introduced, like its 1.6 and 1.8 engines and the 5-speed gearbox. A sports version, named Passat GTS 1.8, even on the twilight of the car, saw some popularity with its very good performance. This generation was also extensively exported to Iraq, with its 1.6 engine and the 4-speed gearbox, where many are still on the road specially as a taxi car with white and orange colour but the air conditioning not compatible with the hot weather of Iraq. It was also assembled in Nigeria.

Passat Mk2 (B2, 1981–1988)

The second generation Volkswagen Passat was launched in 1981. The platform, named B2, was slightly longer and the car's updated styling was instantly recognisable as Passat, with the most obvious difference being the rectangular headlights. The car was known as the Quantum in North America, where it was introduced in 1982, and Corsar in Mexico, where it was sold between 1984 and 1988, in Brazil it was called Santana. The Passat saloon and estate were produced in South Africa for their local market until 1987.
Volkswagen Passat B2 Variant
Mk2 (facelift) Passat 5-door hatchback
Volkswagen Quantum wagon (US)
Santana AP 1.8 in Brazil.


As well as the Passat hatchbacks and estate (wagon) there was also a conventional three-box saloon, which until the beginning of 1985 was sold as the Volkswagen Santana in Europe, Brazil, Nicaragua and China. In North America, the Quantum was available in three-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and wagon form, but the five-door hatchback was never sold there and the three-door hatchback was dropped after a year.

The range received a minor facelift in 1986, with the saloon, now known as the Passat, sharing the same front end as the hatchback and estate. The North American version gained European-style composite headlamps.

The range of engines was more extensive than that of the first generation Passat, and included a 5 cylinder Audi 2.0 litre petrol, 1.9 litre system used in the Passat shared the mechanics of the Audi 80 quattro and not the Volkswagen Golf Syncro. Syncro was also available in the North American market, but only on the wagon, and only with the 5 cylinder engine.

Carat in Argentina

The Second Generation Passat had its production started in Argentina in June, 1987 and was called Carat,Manufactured by Volkswagen Argentina S.A. (San Justo/Gral. Pacheco Pcia de Bs.As.)

Characteristics CD/CD 2,0/GS 1.8Beginning Manufacture: 1987 (1989 2,0 and GS)Term of Manufacture: 1991Origin: Germany Originaldenomination: Volkswagen Santana (1984)Body: Autoportante SedánDoors: 4Motor: Volkswagen - Audi 827 AP 1,8/2.0Cycle: 4 times, camshaft at the top, valves at the topLocation: inclined longitudinal forward (20º)

MOTOR 1.8Piston displacement (cm3): 1.781Number of Cylinders: 4 Diám x Carr (mm): 81 xs 86,4Compression ratio: 9,0:1Power (CB): 96Regime (r.p.m): 5.500Motor pair (mKg): 14,6Regime (r.p.m): 2.600Fuel system: Carburetor Pierburg Brosol 2E7 2 mouthsSpeeds: 5 Final relation: 5,14: 1

MOTOR 2.0Piston displacement (cm3): 1.984Number of Cylinders: 4 Diám x Carr (mm): 82,5 xs 92,8Compression ratio: 8,5:1Power (CB): 100Regime (r.p.m): 5.200Motor pair (mKg): 16,2Regime (r.p.m): 3.400Fuel system: Carburetor Pierburg Brosol 2E7 2 mouthsSpeeds: 5 Final relation: 4,11: 1

Traction: AdvantageRefrigeration: Water (6.1 liters)Fuel: Super gasolineCombustible capacity (liters): 75Empty weight (kg): 1.081Length (mm): 4.527Width (mm): 1.708Stop (mm): 1.395Wheelbase (mm): 2.550Front trail (mm): 1.414Back trail (mm): 1.422Brakes (D/T): Disc - DrumAddress: attended, pinion and rackFront suspension: Indep, Mc helical Pherson, meansBack suspension: Integrated axis, helical meansTires: 185/70/MR. 13"Generator ELT: Alternator 12V 55ADetail: Conditioned air, closes centralized, raises electrical crystals

Consumption Average (Km/l): 10,0 *Acceleration 0 to 100 km/h (s): 12,9 *Terminal velocity (Km/h): 168 * *Motor 1,8

Consumption Average (Km/l): 11,2 *Acceleration 0 to 100 km/h (s): 12,4 *Terminal velocity (Km/h): 171 *Motor 2,0

B2 in Brazil

The Second Generation Passat had its production started in Brazil in June, 1984 and was called Santana.

The Santana was sold as a 4-door saloon and 2-door saloon, later as a station wagon, named Santana Quantum (or just Quantum) which was launched in July, 1985.

The engine range consisted of two version of the 1.8 litre Volkswagen EA827 engine, running on ethanol or petrol. In late 1987, to the 1988 model run, it gained the option of a 2.0 litre engine (Petrol or Ethanol). They were so called Santana 2000 and Quantum 2000. Transmissions included a 4-speed manual (for the first 2 years), 5-speed manual (first as an option, then turned standard in 1987), and to the top line CD (later called GLS) a 3-speed automatic.

In 1991, Volkswagen do Brasil by the time it had a joint venture with Ford, called AutoLatina, they've decided instead of building the newer third generation Passat (B3), to retain the Passat (B2) shaped saloon and wagon, and made structural changes to the entire body. By changing the bodyshell, boot line, front and rear guards, it looked like the modern German designed Passat (B3) of the time. Under terms with AutoLatina, this "new" Santana was also marketed as the Ford Versailles in Brazil and as the Ford Galaxy in Argentina. Another model was the Ford Royale.

It received a small face-lift for 1994, and another one, more extensive, in 1998. In 2002, the Quantum was out, and then, in June, 2006, after more than two decades, the Santana was retired from the range, after years of dropping sales. An not so glamourous end to the car which have inaugurated the use of Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) in Brazil, and sold 548,494 units in all those time.

2006 Santana Comfortline 2.0L Specs
  • Engine: 2.0L 8v I4 (VW EA827/ AP-2000).
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual.
  • Driving Layout: Front engine, Front-wheel drive.
  • Power: @ 5250 rpm.
  • Length: .
  • Width: .
  • Height: .
  • Wheelbase: .
  • Weight: .
  • 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph): 9,9 sec.
  • Top Speed: .


Corsar (B2, México, 1984–1988)

1987 Volkswagen Corsar CD for Mexican market.
The Santana 4-door saloon (Quantum in the USA) was introduced in Mexico in February 1984 as the Corsar CD. It was assembled in the Puebla plant with most German components. The only engine available for the whole Corsar lineup was the 1.8 litre with carburetor. For 1984 and 1985, the Corsar CD was only in one trim available. It had 13” alloy wheels, 185/70 R 13 tires, velour upholstery (1984 was grey only, and from 1985 it was grey or blue), 4 headrests, AM/FM stereo cassette Radio with 4 speakers, tachometer, power steering. It was sold with 4 speed manual transmission or 3 speed automatic. The only option was air conditioning. Colors for 1984 were: Mars Red, Alpine White, Jade Green Metallic, Cosmos Silver Metallic and Graphite Metallic. For 1984 and 1985, the Corsar CD had the American Quantum GL looks.

In the 1986 model year, the Corsar CD receives new colors, upholsteries, and the 1985 European Passat 4-door sedan looks. A new 5 speed manual gearbox replaces the previous 4 speed one. The Corsar also has new optional equipments such like power windows, power door locks, and black leather upholstery. In March 1986 the station wagon body, known as the Corsar Variant (Quantum Wagon in the USA, Quantum in Brasil, and Passat Variant in Europe) was introduced sharing trim levels and engine/transmissions with the Corsar CD saloon. In 1987, the alloy wheels became optional, and the series wheels were steel made with full covers. The Corsar continued until 1988 mostly unchanged. By mid 1988 appeared a limited edition with double tone painting (black and silver), black leather upholstery and top equipment available in both the Corsar CD and Corsar Variant. The Corsar was discontinued from the Mexican market by the end of the 1988 model year, since production stopped in Germany (most parts came from Germany) and Volkswagen required its assembly lines to produce the A2 Golf/Jetta for USA and Canada exports. The Corsar lineup is remembered in Mexico with excellent reputation.

B2 in China

The Santana (B2) has been built by Shanghai Volkswagen Automotivemarker joint venture since 1985.

Initially launched with a 1.6 litre petrol engine, it was updated with a 1.8 litre petrol in 1987. Both these were equipped with a 4-speed manual, in 1989 the Santana wagon was launched on the market.

The Santana has had a number of updated features added since the original 1985 model. Some updated features the Santana has been include with are Bosch electronic fuel injection system, a 5-speed manual, a third brake light, improved back seats, hydraulic clutch, MP3 and CD compatible radios, ABS brakes with electronic brake distribution.

2007 Santana specifications
  • Engine - 1.8L
  • Engine Position - North South
  • Power - @ 5400 rpm
  • Torque - @ 3000 rpm
  • Length -
  • Width -
  • Height -
  • Wheelbase -
  • Unladen Weight -
  • Top Speed - >


In 1991 the Santana 2000 was put into development for China with the aid of Volkswagen do Brasil.
Front view of a Santana 2000 Xian City


Santana 2000 started mass production in 1995 with a longer wheelbase and rear doors than its Brazilian counterpart.

1997 Santana 2000 specifications
  • Engine - 1.8L
  • Engine Position - North South
  • Power - @ 5400 rpm
  • Length -
  • Width -
  • Height -
  • Wheelbase -
  • Unladen Weight -
  • Top Speed -
Rear view of a Santana 3000 Shangri-La Police Car


In 2004, the Santana 3000 succeeded the Santana 2000. It was the first design that the Shanghai Volkswagen Automotivemarker joint venture designers had undertaken by themselves. The Santana 3000 was also the first in the Chinese developed Santana series to be optioned with ABS brakes with electronic brake distribution, electronic differential system, a multi function display system, a sunroof designed by the German Webasto company. The 2.0 litre engine was added to the range in June 2006.

2007 Santana 3000 1.8L specifications
  • Engine - 1.8L
  • Engine position - North South
  • Power - @ 5200 rpm
  • Torque - @ 3800 rpm
  • Length -
  • Width -
  • Height -
  • Wheelbase -
  • Unladen Weight -
  • Top Speed -


In 2008, Shanghai Volkswagen Automotivemarker released the Santana Vista (Zhijun) and Santana Vista (Changda) (Taxi model) in January with front and rear visual updates and minor chassis updates.

2008 Santana Vista 2.0 L Specifications
  • Engine - 2.0 L
  • Engine position - North South
  • Power - @ 5000 rpm
  • Torque - @ 3800 rpm
  • Length -
  • Width -
  • Height -
  • Wheelbase -
  • Unladen Weight -
  • Top Speed -


Both the original German designed Santana, and the Santana Vista are still sold in China, and they are still the most popular vehicles in China with taxi & police fleets and private buyers.

But the Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive has decided not to make them anymore from 2012.

B2 in Japan

The Santana was also built in Japan under license by Nissan. Outwardly it was all Volkswagen, however there were a few minor mechanicals (i.e. window wipers) that were Nissan.

Passat Mk3 (B3, 1988–94)

Europe-spec Passat CL Variant (estate/wagon)
The third generation Passat was introduced in 1988 in Europe, 1990 in North America, and 1995 in South America. Its curvy looks were a world away from the boxy appearance of its predecessor and owed much to the "jelly mould" style pioneered by Ford with the Sierra. The lack of a grille made the car's front end styling reminiscent of older, rear-engined Volkswagens such as the 411, and also doubled as a modern styling trend.

At the time it was the first Passat to be built on a Volkswagen-designed platform, rather than sharing one with an Audi saloon. The car, although designated B3 in Volkswagen's platform nomenclature, was based largely on the A platform as used for the smaller Golf model, but was stretched in all directions. In fact, many components are shared directly between these vehicles. Only 4-door saloon and 5-door estate versions were available, without the fastback option of previous models (though it was considered). It was marketed under the Passat name in all markets; in North America, this was a first.

The fuel injected petrol engines gave better performance and refinement than the carburettor units previously used. They were mounted transverse, and the floorpan was engineered to accept Volkswagen's 'Syncro' four-wheel drive system. Engine options were the 2.0 litre 16 valve engine in the GL model, 1.8 litre engine in the CL model (not available in North America, all CLs, GLs, and GLSs had the 2.0 16v), Volkswagen's new 2.8 litre VR6 engine (also used in the Golf and Corrado) in the GLX/GLS model (introduced in 1991 in Europe and 1992 in North America), and the G60 engine (only available on the Syncro model in Canada for the North American market). The VR6 engine gave the top-of-the-range Passat a top speed of . The 1.9 litre diesel engine was also available as an option.

In Russia (where this generation of Passat was extremely popular at second-hand market from early 1990s), it had been affectionately known as "ski", because grille-less front looked like an upside-down cross-country ski or toboggan.

Passat Mk4 (B4, 1995–1997)

Just like the original Mk3 Passat, every external body panel on the Mk4 Passat was new, except for the carried-over windows. The most obvious exterior change was the re-introduction of a grille to match the style of the other same-generation Volkswagen models, such as the Mk3 Golf, whose styling theme did not follow on from the original Mk3 Passat. The interior design was also updated and improved safety equipment including dual front airbags and pyrotechnic seat belt pretensioner were added.

The car was available with a Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine - an inline four-cylinder 1.9 litre turbodiesel, generating of torque at 1,900 rpm, at 3,750 rpm. It carried a U.S. EPA fuel efficiency rating for the sedan of highway. Combined with a fuel tank, it had a 1300+ km (800+ mi) range on a single tank of fuel, nearly unheard of in the North American market. The TDI version is in high demand today, and commands a high resale price in the U.S. due to its fuel economy and ability to operate on locally produced biofuels. The B4 TDI wagon is even rarer, fewer than 1000 having been imported to the U.S. during its 1996 to 1997 lifespan.

B4 trim levels

Volkswagen Passat Variant
In Europe, L, CL, GL, GT and VR6 versions were available, although this could be combined, for instance it was possible to purchase a GL VR6. Only three trim levels were available in the United States: GLS, GLX and TDI. The GLX version carried Volkswagen's 2.8 litre VR6 engine. The GLS had a 2.0 litre 8-valve engine, while the TDI had the 1.9 TurboDiesel.

Canadian versions of the Passat were similar to their European counterparts, unlike models sold in the U.S., due to a trade agreement that Canada had with Europe at the time, which allowed any car federalized in one participating country to legally be sold in any of the others. However, Canada did not get the 1.8 litre 4-cylinder petrol version, nor the 1.6 litre TurboDiesel, both of which were on sale in Europe at the time.

Versions sold in Mexico had a choice of 2.0 litre 4-cylinder, or a 2.8 litre VR6 petrol. Trim levels were GL or GLX. These versions were more expensive than the Volkswagen cars built in Mexico, due to the import tariffs, and the fact the Passat was built in Germany.

B4 engines

The following internal combustion engines were available in the B4 Passat:
name engine ID
code(s)
engine
type
displacement max. power max. torque years
Petrol engines
1.6 AEK I4 8v
SOHC
1595 cc 1994–1995
1.6 AFT / AKS I4 8v
SOHC
1595 cc 1995–1997
1.8 AAM / ANN I4 8v
SOHC
1781 cc 1993–1997
1.8 ABS / ACC / ADZ / ANP I4 8v
SOHC
1781 cc 1993–1997
2.0 2E / ADY / AGG / ABA I4 8v
SOHC
1984 cc 1993–1997
2.0 ABF I4 16v
DOHC
1984 cc 1993–1997
2.8 VR6 AAA VR6 12v
DOHC
2792 cc 1993–1997
2.9 VR6 ABV VR6 12v
DOHC
2861 cc 1994–1997
Diesel engines
1.9 TD AAZ I4 8v
SOHC
1896 cc 1993–1997
1.9 TDI 1Z / AHU I4 8v
SOHC
1896 cc 1993–1997
1.9 TDI AFN I4 8v
SOHC
1896 cc 1996–1997


Passat Mk5 (B5/B5.5, 1996–2005/present: SVW)

B5 Volkswagen Passat saloon
An all-new fifth-generation Passat, based on the Volkswagen Group B5 platform, was launched in 1996 in Europe, and 1998 in North America. It was significant in that it shared a platform with the Audi A4 (1995 onwards), using the classic longitudinally mounted engine with front-wheel drive. This design harked back to the first and second generation Passats, which were based on the Audi 80 (the A4 is the supersession of the Audi 80 line).

Styling-wise, the Passat introduced a new design language, first seen on the Concept 1 concept car, for the latest generation of Volkswagens, and this was evident with the Mk4 Golf, Bora and Polo Mk4. The curvy lines, heavily raked windscreens, and smooth underpinnings helped give the B5 Passat an very low coefficient of drag, rated at 0.27 (saloon model).

The car featured fully-independent four-link front suspension; and at the rear - either a twist-torsion semi-independent beam axle, or fully-independent suspension on the 4motion driveline. Four-wheel drive was introduced in 1997 as an option for the 1.8, 2.8 V6, 1.9 TDI and 2.5 V6 TDI engines; using a second-generation Torsen T-2 based 4WD system, which considerably minimises loss of traction. The 1.8 litre petrol engine in the Passat and Audi A4 has a lower oil capacity than transverse applications of the same engine (4.6 quarts in transverse, 4.3 quarts longitudinal), and may suffer from oil sludge problems as a result, if not changed at regular intervals with fully synthetic oils. Two transmission options were available: a 5-speed manual transmission and a 5-speed automatic transmission with tiptronic.

B5 awards

  • 1999 Used Car Buyer Greatest Used Buy Awards — Most Sensible Car Award Overall & Best Family Car
  • 1999 Auto Express New Car Honours — Best Family Car
  • 1998 What Car? Car of Cars — Best Medium Car
  • 1998 Which? Magazine Best Buy — Large family car market winner


B5 engines

The internal combustion engines used are the same as for many other vehicles in the Volkswagen Group.
Short Descr Config/ Cyls Fuel Displacement Power

(Max Output)
Torque

(Max Output)
VW Engine Code Accel 0–100 km/h Top Speed Years Market
1.6 8v I4 petrol @5300 rpm @3800 rpm ADP/ AHL/ ARM/ ANA 12.5 s 1996–2000 EU
1.8 20v I4 petrol @5800 rpm @3500 rpm ADR/ APT/ AVV/ ARG 11.1 s 1996–2000 EU
1.8 20v T I4 petrol @5700 rpm @1750–4600 rpm AEB/ APU/ ANB/ ATW/ AUG 8.9 s 1996–2000 EU/US
1.8 20v T I4 petrol @5900 rpm @1950–5000 rpm AWM 8.0 s

(est)
2000–2005 EU
2.0 8v I4 petrol @5600 rpm @2600 rpm AUZ/ ASU/ AVA 11.1 s 1999–2000 EU
2.3 10v VR5 petrol @6000 rpm @3200 rpm AGZ 8.9 s 1997–2000 EU
2.8 30v V6 petrol @6000 rpm @3200 rpm ACK/ APR 7.7 s 1997–2000 EU/US
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm AHU/ AHH 13.5 s 1996–2000 EU
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm AVB 12.4 s 2000 EU
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4150 rpm @1900 rpm AFN/ AVG 11.5 s 1996–2000 EU
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm AJM 10.8 s 1998–2000 EU
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm ATJ 10.8 s 1998–2000 EU
2.5 24v TDI V6 diesel @4000 rpm @1500–3200 rpm AFB/ AKN 9.4 s 1998–2000 EU


Mid-2001 facelift (B5.5)

2004 Volkswagen Passat Variant
B5.5 Passat models built after mid-2001, also known as B5.5 models, received minor styling and mechanical revisions including revised projector-optic headlights, bumpers, tail lights, and chrome trim.

A 4.0 litre W8 engine producing was introduced in 2002 in a luxury version of the car that included standard 4motion four-wheel drive. This engine was intended to be a test bed for Volkswagen Group's new W engine technology, which would later make an appearance on the W12 in the Phaeton and Audi A8, and the W16 engine in the Bugatti Veyron. The engine was discontinued in 2004.

In 2004, a powerful 2.0 litre Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine producing was added (making the Passat the only mid-sized diesel powered car sold in the U.S.). This variant, sold from 2004-2005, is relatively rare on the U.S. used market, and examples in good condition command high resale prices for their fuel economy and ability to operate on increasingly inexpensive biofuels.

A long-wheelbase version was introduced in Chinamarker in late 1999 by Shanghai-Volkswagen. This lengthened platform went on to underpin the Škoda Superb. Both have a longer wheelbase and length than the standard B5 Passat. An updated version called the Passat Lingyu was released in 2005, which has the 2.0 litre, 1.8 litre Turbo, and 2.8 litre V6 petrol engines.

B5.5 trim levels

In the United Kingdommarker, trim levels were E, S, Sport, SE, V5 and V6. The E trim level had a 1.6 litre engine only. The S trim level was considered well-equipped by the motoring press at the time, and What Car? magazine recommended the 1.8 S as the best version in 1999. SE models had the same engines as the S version, but were better equipped. The V5 models had a 2.3 V5 engine, the V6 was available with a 2.8 V6, or 2.5 TDI, and was also well-equipped.

Models sold in Europe and the Republic of Irelandmarker were similar apart from the trim level naming schemes; the trim levels were Volkswagen's "lifestyle" naming scheme, which were Comfortline, Trendline, and Highline. A base model was available too, this was spartan equipped and sold to the fleet market as well as private buyers.

Models sold in the U.S. had the 1.8 litre 20-valve turbo engine, 2.0 TDI, the 2.8 V6, or 4.0 W8; trim levels were GL (2003 onward), GLS, GLX, and W8 (2002 to 2004). The W8 was only available with the 4motion four-wheel-drive system and a slightly higher trim than the GLX models. The V6 engine had 4motion as an option, as did the 1.8 T starting in the 2004 model year. The GLX trim was only sold with the V6.

Versions sold in Mexicomarker are the same as their European equivalents.

B5.5 engines

The internal combustion engines used are the same as for many other vehicles in the Volkswagen Group.
Short Descr Config/ Cyls Fuel Displacement Power

(Max Output)
Torque

(Max Output)
VW Engine Code Accel 0–100 km/h Top Speed Years
1.6 8v I4 petrol @5600 rpm @3800 rpm ALZ 12.7 s 2000–2005
1.8 20vT I4 petrol @5700 rpm @1750–4600 rpm AWT 6.2 s 2000–2005
2.0 8v I4 petrol @5400 rpm @3500 rpm AZM 11.2 s 2000–2005
2.0 20v I4 petrol @5700 rpm @3300 rpm ALT 9.9 s 2001–2005
2.3 20v VR5 petrol @6200 rpm @3200 rpm AZX 9.1 s 2000–2003
2.8 30v V6 petrol @6000 rpm @3200 rpm AMX 7.8 s 2000–2005
4.0 32v W8 petrol @6000 rpm @2750 rpm BDN 6.5 s 2001–2004
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm AVB 12.4 s 2000–2005
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1750–2500 rpm AWX 9.9 s 2000–2005
1.9 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm AVF 9.9 s 2000–2005
2.0 8v TDI I4 diesel @4000 rpm @1900 rpm BGW   2003–2005
2.5 24v TDI V6 diesel @4000 rpm @1500–3200 rpm AKN 9.6 s 2000–2003
2.5 24v TDI V6 diesel @4000 rpm @1500 rpm BDG 9.1 s 2003–2005
2.5 24V TDI V6 diesel @4000 rpm @1500 rpm BDH/ BAU 8.7 s 2002–2005


B5.5 awards

  • 2001 Auto Express Used Car Honours 2001 - Best Family Used Car
  • 2001 Diesel Car 2001 Awards - Overall Diesel Car of the Year & Best Family Car
  • 2000 Used Car Buyer: Used the Year - Overall winner & Best Family Car
  • 2000 Auto Express Used Car Honours - Best Family Car
  • 2000 Auto Express New Car Honours - Best Family Car
  • 2000 Fleet World Honours - Best Fleet Car


Passat Mk6 (B6 PQ46, 2005–present)

B6 Passat 2.0 T estate (US)
The latest B6 Passat was first displayed at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2005, and launched in Europe in the summer of 2005. The Mk6 Passat (the PQ46 platform) is now based upon the platform from the Golf Mk5. Confusingly, this model is sometimes referred to as the "B6" (or "3C") Passat, despite its lack of commonality with the "B6" (Typ 8E) Audi A4. This has happened previously in the Passat's history, with the B3 and B4, which bore no relation to the same-named platforms from Audi.

Styling-wise, the car follows the latest design language first introduced on the Volkswagen Phaeton luxury car, and is something of a departure from the styling of the B5.5 Passat. Although the new design is somewhat controversial, sales have improved over the old model. On the four-wheel drive version, called 4motion, the transverse-engine platform dictated a switch from the Torsen centre differential of the B5, to the Haldex Traction multi-plate clutch. The change to the Haldex system also changes the handling closer to a front-wheel drive car, with better fuel economy claimed. The Haldex can direct torque more unequally to the front wheels (from 100:0 to 50:50 front-to-rear bias), compared to the Torsen, which was had a wider bias ranging from 75:25 to 25:75 in the B5 Passat. Haldex is a reactive type system, behaving as a front-wheel-drive vehicle until slippage is detected, at which point up to a maximum of 50% of the torque can be transmitted to the rear axle. See the Audi-related quattro article for more information.

Fuel Stratified Injection is used in nearly every petrol engined version of the Passat, ranging from 1.6 to 3.2 litres (the 1.6 litre DOHC can reach in 11.5 seconds, and for manual transmission versions), but the multi-valve 2.0 litre Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) is the most sought after version in Europe (available in both and variants). In the US market, it features a 2.0 litre turbocharged I4 as the base engine, or a 3.6 litre VR6 engine as the upgrade, with six-speed manual (only available on the base 2.0 T model) and automatic transmissions. As of the 2009 model year, the VR6 engine and 4motion option were no longer available on the Passat sedan and wagon, but are available on the Passat CC.

In February 2008, the 2.0 FSI was replaced with the new Audi-developed 1.8 TSI engine and 6-speed automatic transmission. The 1.8 T is rated at , and reaches 0–100 km/h in 8.6 seconds, reaching a top speed of . This engine is part of the wider Volkswagen Group policy for engine sharing.

The Passat Estate has just won overall winner of Practical Caravans Towcar of the Year Awards 2008 for it array of towing features such as its Trailer Stability Programme.

At the Beijing International Automobile Exhibition, Volkswagen Group China subsidiary FAW-Volkswagenmarker (FAW-VW) released the PQ46 Passat as the Magotan, due to related subsidy Shanghai Volkswagen Automotivemarker (SVW) still using the Passat name for its Passat Lingyu (LWB Mk5 Passat).

Passat R36

Passat R36 Variant at the 2008 Adelaide Motor Show
At the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007, Volkswagen launched the 'R line' R36, created by Volkswagen Individual GmbH.

The R36 uses a 3.6 litre VR6 engine, retuned to produce , and of torque, which Volkswagen claim pushes the saloon and Variant (estate/wagon) to in 5.6 and 5.8 seconds respectively.

The R36 has many distinguishing features over the other Passat siblings, such as a redesigned front and rear spoilers, 18" Omanyt aluminium alloy wheels, lower suspension, 'R' engraved stainless steel pedals, 'R' imprinted sport leather seats, Bi-Xenon headlights, and twin rear muffler tailpipes.

In July 2008, Volkswagen launched the R36 version in the Middle East .

Passat CC

The CC ("Comfort Coupé") is a 4-door "coupé" version of the Passat. It debuted at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroitmarker. Originally aimed at competing with the similarly styled Mercedes CLS, the Passat CC intends to be more stylish and luxurious than the previously released Passat B6. Some options specific to the CC include hands-free parking, lane-departure prevention, intelligent cruise control, and adaptive suspension. Engines offered in the CC mirror those of the regular Passat, with options of the base 2.0 liter turbocharged four-cylinder, or the optional 3.6 liter V-6, which includes 4-motion all wheel drive. Although the CC is marketed as a more luxurious Passat B6, it comes in with a lower price tag. While MSRP on a Passat B6 is $28,300, the CC comes with a base price of $27,100.

B6 engines

Petrol engines

The following petrol engines are available:
Short Descr VW Engine Code Engine Type Displacement Power

(Max Output)
Torque

(Max Output)
Years
1.4 TSI CAXA I4 DOHC 16V, Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) and turbocharger 1390 cc 2007-
1.6 BSE; BSF I4 SOHC 8V, multipoint sequential fuel injection 1595 cc 2005-
1.6 FSI BLF; BLP I4 DOHC 16V, Fuel Stratified Injection 1598 cc 2005-2007
1.8 TSI BZB I4 DOHC 16V, Fuel Stratified Injection and turbocharger 1798 cc 2007-
2.0 FSI BLR; BVX; BVY I4 DOHC 16V, Fuel Stratified Injection 1984 cc 2005-2007
2.0 TFSI AXX; BWA; CAWB; BPY I4 DOHC 16V, Fuel Stratified Injection and turbocharger 1984 cc 2006-
2.0 TSI AXX; BWA; CAWB; CCTA I4 DOHC 16V, Fuel Stratified Injection and turbocharger 1984 cc 2008-
3.2 FSI AXZ VR6 DOHC 24V, Fuel Stratified Injection 3189 cc 2006-
3.6 FSI BWS; BLV VR6 DOHC 24V, Fuel Stratified Injection 3597 cc 2006-


Diesel engines

The following diesel engines are available:
Short Descr VW Engine Code Engine Type Displacement Power

(Max Output)
Torque

(Max Output)
Years
1.9 TDI BKC/BXE/BLS I4 SOHC 8V, Pumpe Düse (PD) injectors; optional diesel particulate filter (DPF) 1896 cc 2005-
2.0 TDI BKP I4 DOHC 16V, Pumpe Düse injectors 1968 cc 2005-2008
2.0 TDI DPF BMP I4 DOHC 16V, Pumpe Düse injectors, diesel particulate filter 1968 cc 2005-2008
2.0 TDI DPF CBAB I4 DOHC 16V, piezoelectric common rail injection, diesel particulate filter 1968 cc 2008-
2.0 TDI DPF BMR I4 DOHC 16V, piezoelectric Pumpe Düse injectors, diesel particulate filter 1968 cc 2006-2008
2.0 TDI DPF CBBB I4 DOHC 16V, piezoelectric common rail injection, diesel particulate filter 1968 cc 2008-


References

  1. Werner Oswald: Deutsche Autos 1945-1990. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2003 (2nd ed.), ISBN 3-613-02116-1, pp. 94-101
  2. Mike Covello, Standard Catalog of Imported Cars 1946-2002. Krause Publications, Iola 2002, ISBN 0-67341-605-8, pp. 824-826
  3. Trade Arabia: Passat R36 arrives in Mideast
  4. Passat CC > Modelle > Volkswagen Deutschland


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