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Harvest (1882) by Volodymyr Orlovsky
Volodymyr Orlovsky ( ) (1842 – 1914) was a Russian-Ukrainian realist painter. Orlovsky is considered one of the founders of Ukrainian Realist landscape painting.

Life, art, and death

Orlovsky was born in Kievmarker (Kyiv) in 1842 to a landowning family. In the talent of the young artist believe his art teacher of the second Kiev gymnasium, I. Soshenko who earlier helped another great Ukrainian artist Taras Shevchenko. The gymnasium's director M. Chalyi also recognized Orlovsky's talent and recommended him in a written letter to Shevchenko. And so it was that the painter's art education commenced with a letter of recommendation from Taras Shevchenko at the Saint Petersburg Academy of Fine Artsmarker in 1861. For his quick successes, Orlovsky received a large silver medal at the academy in 1863. Later he painted while in Crimeamarker, Kiev Governorate, and Finlandmarker.

Upon the conclusion of his studies in 1868, Orlovsky gained the recognition of his colleagues in the academic circles and the general public, earning the title of artist of the first degree . Orlovsky received a gold medal for his paintings of Crimean landscapes, which allowed him to travel abroad on government allowance. Thus from 1869 to 1872, Orlovsky worked in Parismarker, Francemarker, as well as Switzerlandmarker, Germanymarker, and Italymarker.

In two years, in 1874, Orlovsky was promoted to the status of an academic, and in 1878 for his painting Harvest he was made professor.

Orlovsky painted for Moscow and St. Petersburg aristocracies, and his art was even bought by the Emperor of Russiamarker himself, Alexander III. He enjoyed popularity on par with Ivan Aivazovsky, and was influenced by the work of Arkhip Kuindzhi.

In 1897, the artist became ill with typhoid, and following the advice of his doctors moved from the official St. Petersburg to his "native and loved Kiev".


  1. Orlovsky, Volodymyr. Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4. (1993)
  2. Zhbankova, Olha. Klasyky i Suchasnyky. Mirror Weekly. No. 5 (450) 8–14 February 2003 .
  3. Spirit of Ukraine: 500 Years of Painting. Winnipeg Art Gallery. 1991, pg. 206 ISBN 0-88915-163-6.

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