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The Volvo B10M is a popular mid-engined bus and coach chassis built by Volvo between 1978 and 2001. It was built as the successor of the B58 and was equipped with a 9.6-litre horizontally-mounted Volvo THD100/THD101/THD102/DH10A diesel engine mounted under the floor, near the middle of the chassis, slightly toward the front. An articulated version under the model name Volvo B10MA was also offered.

A large portion of B10M chassis were built in Swedenmarker, but some were built (and bodied) in other countries such as the United Kingdommarker, Brazilmarker, Chinamarker and the United Statesmarker (Chesapeake, Virginiamarker).

The B10M was one of the best-selling PSV chassis in the United Kingdommarker throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Having originally been produced only as a coach chassis, the B10M was made available as a bus, in which form it was also very popular. Having found instant favour with Shearings, Wallace Arnold and Park's of Hamilton, the B10M as a coach is highly popular among UK coach operators, with hundreds of them in use every day.

A double-deck version of the B10M was developed for Strathclyde PTE in 1981. It was launched in early 1982, with a downrated engine from the coach, and was named Citybus (also known unofficially as B10MD or D10M). Most early examples were bodied by Alexander Coachbuilders, who provided a modified version - common to all Volvo double-deck chassis bodied by the company after 1980 - of their popular and attractive R type bodywork. Eastern Scottish and Fife Scottish bought many of these early versions in 1985-1987. Two were exported in 1984, one of them was received by Singapore Bus Services of Singaporemarker, and the other one became Kowloon Motor Bus VMD1, but the latter was destroyed by fire in 1988. The Citybus lasted until the end of B10M production but fell out of favour after Volvo re-engineered the Leyland Olympian as its own, i.e. the Volvo Olympian.

In the 1990s, Stagecoach standardised on the bus version of B10M as their full-size single decker and they are still going today. Most of them had Alexander PS type bodies but some were delivered with Northern Counties Paladin bodywork. They also took numerous examples of the coach version with Plaxton's Interurban bodywork and Jonckheere's Modulo bodywork. South Yorkshire Transport (Mainline Buses) and Kelvin Central Buses (both companies are now subsidiaries of the FirstGroup) also purchased large numbers of the type with Alexander PS bodies.

The B10MA articulated variant was of limited popularity among bus operators in the UK. British Caledonian Airways took four in 1988, the next examples sold in Britain were supplied eight years later, with the delivery of four to Ulsterbus. Stagecoach was the biggest customer for the model in the UK, taking 18 for its subsidiaries between the mid- to late-1990s, with the last delivered in 1999.

The articulated version of the B10M (constructed by Saracakis in 1993, 1995 and 1997) is used in Thessalonikimarker.

Singapore Bus Services (Now SBS Transit) of Singaporemarker has purchased a total of 967 units from 1986 to 2001, making up a large part of its bus fleet. First delivered in 1988, they are bodied by Duple Metsec and Walter Alexander. A single 19m B10MA articulated bus (registered as SBS 998Y) has also been built, but it has since been sold to New Zealandmarker in 2006. The 1986 Van Hool bodied prototype and 1988-89 production versions (known as Mark II) were scrapped in 2008.

From 1983 to 1986, a number of B10M was built and used in the United States. The American B10M was manufactured mostly in its articulated form (which was purchased by SEPTA, SamTrans, and New Jersey Transit) though a standard length B10M model was made for the RIPTA with one example going to SEPTA as compensation for delays. Canadianmarker production of the B10M articulated under licence to Ontario Bus Industries nearly took place, however it fell through when that company negotiated a more favorable deal with Ikarus Bus.

The B10M as a single-deck bus was complemented (and was largely replaced) by the low-floor rear-engined B10L and B10BLE chassis in some markets in the late 1990s. In 2001, the B10M was eventually replaced by the new Volvo B12M and Volvo B12B, both chassis sporting a larger 12-litre engine.

Gallery

File:GM4372.jpg|Volvo B10M operated by KCR (now by MTR) in Hong KongFile:Busabout - PMC bodied Volvo B10M Mk I.jpg|Volvo B10M Mk I operated by Busabout as a school busFile:B10M-MK2.JPG|An SBS Transit Volvo B10M Mark II bus with Walter Alexander bodywork in old SBS livery. These Mark II buses were scrapped in 2008.File:SBS0823T_on_16.jpg|An SBS Transit Volvo B10M Mark III bus with Duple Metsec bodywork in Singaporemarker.File:B10M-Mk4SoonChow.JPG|An SBS Transit Volvo B10M Mark IV bus with PSV body assembled by Soon Chow in Singaporemarker.File:SBS903X.JPG|An SBS Transit Volvo B10M Mark IV bus with Duple Metsec bodywork in Singaporemarker.File:SBS1961X_on_99.jpg|An SBS Transit Volvo B10M Mark IV bus with Walter Alexander Strider bodywork in Singaporemarker.File:SBS Transit B10M Mk4, S2006.JPG|An SBS Transit Volvo B10M Mark IV bus with Duple Metsec 3500 bodywork in Singaporemarker.File:Ulsterbus Volvo B10M 1545.jpg|Ulsterbus Volvo B10M 1545 (DAZ 1545) with Alexander . It is pictured here in 1998 at the Downpatrickmarker depot.File:Volvo B10M 9251.jpg|A retired but serviceable New Jersey Transit Volvo articulated bus in storage in Connecticut in 2004.File:Volvo B10M Articulated PMC Adelaide.jpg|Volvo B10MA with Pressed Metal Corporation body in Adelaidemarker, this bus is now retired, but is still used as a bus elsewhere.File:VBL121.JPG|A Volvo B10MA with Hess body in Lucernemarker


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