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The Waddington Range is a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountainsmarker in southwestern British Columbiamarker, Canadamarker. It is only about 4000 kmĀ² (1545 sq mi) in area, relatively small in area within the expanse of the range, but it is the highest area of the Pacific Ranges and of the Coast Mountainsmarker, being crowned by its namesake Mount Waddingtonmarker 4019 m (13186 ft). The Waddington Range is also extremely rugged and more a complex of peaks than a single icefield, in contrast to the other huge icefield-massifs of the southern Coast Mountainsmarker, which are not so peak-studded and tend to have more contiguous icemasses.

History

The difficulty of access to the core of the massif delayed actual sighting, measurement and climbing of Mount Waddingtonmarker until 1936; it had only been espied from Vancouver Islandmarker by climbers in the 1930s and was at first referred to as Mystery Mountain - because its existence until then had been unknown. Apparently even in First Nations lore its existence was spoken of only vaguely, as a possibility, and it seems unlikely the core of the massif was penetrated by any First Nations adventurer given the tremendous difficulty posed even for mountaineers equipped with modern outdoor gear.

At its eastern edge, deep in the Grand Canyon of the Homathko Rivermarker, occurred the first gruesome event in the guerilla war known to history as the Chilcotin War of 1864. This resulted from the attempt by Alfred Waddington to build a road from Bute Inletmarker to Barkervillemarker. Port Waddington, a land-survey left over from those days, remains on the map on the south bank of the Homathkomarker where it empties into Bute Inletmarker.

Waddington's Road was never completed because of the war, but was examined in later years as one of the main possible routings for the mainline of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Choice of the route would see the terminus of the railway at Victoriamarker but despite strong favour from that city and the province the railway chose Burrard Inletmarker, which as a result became today's Vancouver.

Neighbouring Ranges and Icefields

Immediately north of the Waddington Range is the Pantheon Range, while to its south is the Whitemantle Range. Northeast across Mosley Creek, the main west fork of the Homathko Rivermarker, is the Niut Rangemarker, while east across the Homathko Rivermarker is the Homathko Icefieldmarker and its attendant ranges. Northwest across the Klinaklini Rivermarker is the Ha-Iltzuk Icefieldmarker, which is the largest of the coastal icecaps of the southern Coast Mountains, larger than the Waddington Range's complex of glaciers and peaks or the Homathko Icefieldmarker.

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