is a 102-foot (31 m) deep pond
. It is in area and around, located in Concord,
Massachusetts, in the United States.
A famous example of a
, it was formed by
retreating glaciers 10,000–12,000 years ago.
The writer, transcendentalist
philosopher Henry David Thoreau
lived on the shores of the pond for two years starting in the
summer of 1845. His account of the experience was recorded in
Walden; or, Life in
, and made the spot famous. Concord Museum
contains the bed, chair, and
desk from Thoreau's cabin.
Boston's "Ice King", Frederic Tudor
harvested ice yearly on Walden Pond for export to the Caribbean,
Europe, and India. In his journal, Thoreau philosophized upon the
wintry sight of Tudor's ice harvesters: "The sweltering inhabitants
of Charleston and New Orleans, of Madras and Bombay and Calcutta,
drink at my well ... The pure Walden water is mingled with the
sacred water of the Ganges."
managed by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Walden Pond State Reservation is
a popular swimming destination in the summer.
In the spring
and fall, many people hike the trails that ring the pond and visit
the site of Thoreau's one-room cabin. In the summer, especially on
hot sunny weekends, admission to the park is often shut down for
hours at a time to prevent the habitat from being overstressed.
Tourists to the Concord area should plan their visits accordingly,
scheduling stops at Walden either for early in the morning or for
late in the evening.
In 1961, the Middlesex County Commissioners, then managing the
land, proposed leveling a significant portion of the preserve for a
parking lot and other "improvements." They had already leveled an
acre of woodland for access to the public beach. The Commissioners
were sued to stop the destruction of the existing environment.
Judge David A. Rose, sitting in the Massachusetts Superior Court,
ruled that Walden’s deed donating the property to the Commonwealth
required preservation of the land and barred further development.
This decision achieved national recognition and Judge Rose received
hundreds of letters from school children across the country
thanking him for saving the land.
In 1990, Eagles
member and solo artist
initiated The Walden Woods
Project to prevent the area around Walden Pond from being
At one point there was an amusement park built on the far end of
the pond but it burnt down and was never rebuilt.
Image:WaldenPondSpring.jpg|Walden Pond in spring,
2008Image:Cabinsite.jpg|Site of Thoreau's cabin,
2004Image:Walden-winter.jpg|Walden Pond in winter, 2005
Walden Pond inspired the naming of the American film company
- as measured by Thoreau; the actual depth is variable as the
pond rises and falls over a range of at least five feet (also
according to Thoreau; see Walden)
- Walden Pond: a First Visitation
Walden Pond in summer, 2005