ward in the
Kingdom is an electoral district at subnational
level represented by one or more councillors. It is the primary unit
of British administrative and electoral geography (except in the
England, the London boroughs,
the metropolitan boroughs and
districts (including most unitary authorities) of England, are divided
into wards for elections. However, county
council elections (including the Isle of Wight unitary authority), instead use the term 'electoral division'.
areas with both wards and
electoral divisions, the two types of divisions may bear no
relation to each other, but generally wards will be used as
building blocks for county electoral divisions, or will be used
as-is but electing fewer councillors.
In urban areas the wards within a local authority area generally
contain roughly the same number of electors and elect three
councillors. In local authorities with mixed urban and rural areas
the number of councillors may vary from one to three depending on
the size of the electorate. A ward can be coterminous with a
or consist of groups of
civil parishes. Larger civil parishes can be divided into two or
more wards. Parish and community wards also exist, which are
subdivisions of parishes or communities, and used for elections to
parish and community councils. They need not bear any relation to
district wards. The four most northerly ancient counties of England
namely, Cumberland, Westmorland, County Durham and
Northumberland were divided into administrative units called wards
instead of hundreds or wapentakes, as in other counties.
Wales, the term 'electoral division' is used.
Scotland is divided
into wards for local government elections with each ward electing 3
or 4 councillors by Single