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The Washington Redskins are a professional American football team based in the Washington, D.C.marker area. The team plays at FedExFieldmarker in Landovermarker, Marylandmarker, which is in Prince George's County, Marylandmarker. The team's headquarters and training facility are at Redskin Park in Ashburn, Virginiamarker, a community in Loudoun County, Virginiamarker, near Dulles International Airportmarker.

According to Forbes Magazine, the Redskins are the second most valuable franchise in the NFL, valued at approximately $1.55 billion as of 2009. Being the second most valuable franchise, the Redskins remain the highest grossing team in the NFL with $345 million in revenue during the 2009 season They have also broken the NFL's mark for single-season attendance eight years in a row.

Overall, the Redskins have played for eleven NFL Championships and have won five, including three of the five Super Bowls in which they have played. Four of the five Super Bowl appearances were under the leadership of Hall of Fame coach Joe Gibbs.

The Redskins were the first team in the NFL with an official marching band. The other team with a marching band is the Baltimore Ravens, their regional rivals. The Redskins were the second team to have a fight song, "Hail to the Redskins."

Franchise history

In Boston

The Boston "Football" Braves, owned by George Preston Marshall, entered the National Football League in after the Newark Tornadoes franchise folded and played at Braves Fieldmarker, home of Boston "baseball" Braves. They had tried to base the team in New York, but were blocked by the NFL's territorial rule. The Braves were coached by Lud Wray and were led by Hall of Famers Cliff Battles (Running Back) and Turk Edwards (Offensive Tackle). Their first game was held on October 2, 1932 in which they lost to the Brooklyn Dodgers. The next week, the Braves would gain their first franchise victory, with a 14-6 win over the New York Giants. The Braves would complete their first season with a 4–4–2 record.

In , the team moved into Fenway Parkmarker, home of the Boston Red Sox, and changed their name to the Redskins. They also changed their head coach. The team was now led by Lone Star Dietz, as Lud Wray moved to Philadelphia to head up its new franchise, the Eagles. The Redskins finished the 1933 season with a 5-5-2 record. In 1934, the Redskins finished in second place with a 6–6 record. In 1935, under head coach Eddie Casey, the Redskins had a dismal season, scoring only 65 points and finishing with a 2–8–1 record. In 1936, under their fourth head coach, Ray Flaherty, the Redskins won their final three games, outscoring their opponents 74–6, and captured the Eastern Division Championship with a 7–5 record. However because of extremely poor attendance, highlighted by only 4,813 fans coming out to Fenway Park to see the Redskins trounce the Pittsburgh Pirates, 30–0, George Preston Marshall elected to give up home field advantage and played the NFL Championship game against the Green Bay Packers at the Polo Groundsmarker. Battles was injured on the tenth play of the game and the Packers won the championship with a 21–6 victory. The Redskins moved to Washington the following season due to lack of fan support in Boston. Marshall had raised the ire of the Boston fans and media by raising ticket prices on the day of games, without advance notice.

The Baugh era

In their early years in Washington, the Redskins shared Griffith Stadiummarker with the Washington Senators baseball team. In 1937, they signed an innovative rookie quarterback from Texas Christian Universitymarker, Sammy Baugh. In an era where the forward pass was relatively rare, the Redskins used it as their primary method of gaining yards. "Slingin' Sammy" Baugh also played numerous other positions, including cornerback and punter.

With Sammy Baugh at the helm, the Redskins won the Eastern Division title and went back to the NFL Championship game in their first year in the Nation's Capital. The 1937 NFL Championship game pitted them against the Chicago Bears. Sammy Baugh threw three touchdown passes and the Redskins prevailed, 28–21. The two teams would meet again in the 1940 Championship, and the Bears handed the Redskins the most lopsided defeat in NFL history, 73–0. The Redskins struck back in 1942, as George Preston Marshall used the 1940 humiliation as a rallying point and the Redskins upset the Bears to spoil their try for a perfect season, 14–6. The teams clashed again the following season and the Bears would even the series at 2-2, capturing the 1943 NFL title, 41-21. The Redskins challenged for the NFL title again in 1945, but fell a point short to the Cleveland Rams, 15-14.

Integration and front-office

The team's early success endeared it to the fans of Washington, D.Cmarker. However, after 1945, the Redskins began a slow decline. This was in part because of Marshall's tendency to micromanage the team. From 1946 to 1968, the Redskins had only three winning seasons.

Marshall refused to integrate the team, despite pressure from the Washington Post and the Federal Government (a typical comment by Post writer Shirley Povich was "Cleveland Browns runner Jim Brown integrated the Redskins' end zone three times").

Finally, in 1962, Interior Secretary Stewart Udall gave the Redskins an ultimatum--unless they signed a black player, the government would evict them from the year-old District of Columbia Stadium. As a result, the Redskins became the final pro football franchise to integrate, in 1962, its second season in the stadium. First, the team drafted Ernie Davis, the first black player to win the Heisman Trophy. Then, before signing Davis, they traded his rights to the Browns for wide receiver Bobby Mitchell. It turned out that Davis had leukemia and died without ever playing a down in professional football. Mitchell, however, was still in the first half of a career that would land him in the Pro Football Hall of Famemarker.

Mitchell would be joined by black stars such as receiver Charley Taylor, running back Larry Brown (who had a hearing aid installed in his helmet due to near-total deafness), and defensive back Brig Owens. They would also pull off two of the best trades of the 1960s, gaining colorful quarterback Sonny Jurgensen from the Philadelphia Eagles and linebacker Sam Huff from the New York Giants. But even with these additions, the Redskins were still not performing up to expectations. Although the team became more popular than ever, particularly with the addition of Mitchell, they struggled through the 1960s.

In the front office, Marshall had been forced to reduce his duties due to a mental decline in 1962, and the team's other stockholders found it difficult to make decisions without their boss. Marshall died in 1969, and the remaining stockholders sold the team to Edward Bennett Williams, a Washington resident and one of America's most esteemed attorneys.

Also in 1969, D.C. Stadium was renamed Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium, and the Redskins hired Vince Lombardi — who gained fame coaching with the Green Bay Packers — to be their new head coach. Lombardi led the team to a 7–5–2 record, their best since 1955, but died of cancer on the eve of the 1970 season.

Revival

Two years later, Williams signed former Los Angeles Rams head coach George Allen as head coach. Partial to seasoned veterans instead of highly touted young players, Allen's teams became known as the Over-the-Hill Gang. "The future is now" was his slogan, and his players soon proved him right.

Allen helped to foster the team's rivalry with the Dallas Cowboys, which has turned into one of the NFL's most heated matchups. The Redskins reached the NFC Conference Championship in the 1972 season, defeating Dallas 26–3, only to lose to the undefeated Miami Dolphins 14–7 in Super Bowl VII. In his seven years as head coach, Allen's teams made the playoffs five times.

In 1981, new Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke signed the offensive coordinator of the San Diego Chargers, Joe Gibbs, as their 20th head coach. He coached the team to four Super Bowls, winning three of them.

Quarterback Joe Theismann, running back John Riggins, and receiver Art Monk got most of the publicity, but the Redskins were one of the few teams ever to have a famous offensive line. Offensive Line coach Joe Bugel, who would later go on to be the head coach of the Phoenix Cardinals, nicknamed them "The Hogs," not because they were big and fat, but because they would "root around in the mud" on the field. The "original" Hogs were made up of center Jeff Bostic, guards Russ Grimm and Mark May, and tackles Joe Jacoby and George Starke. In later years other notables such as Jim Lachey, Raleigh McKenzie, and Mark Schlereth were also part of the famous line. Tight ends Don Warren and Clint Didier, as well as Riggins, were known as "Honorary Hogs."

The Redskins' first Super Bowl win, their first NFL Championship in 40 years, was in Super Bowl XVII, where the Redskins beat the Miami Dolphins 27-17 on January 30, 1983, in Pasadena, California. John Riggins provided the game's signature play when, on 4th and inches, with the Redskins down 17–13, the coaches called "70 Chip" a play designed for short yardage. Riggins instead gained 43 yards and the go-ahead touchdown. The image of Riggins running through would-be tackler Don McNeal has become one of the all-time Super Bowl highlights. One touchdown later, the Redskins won their first Super Bowl title by a 27–17 score.

The Redskins' 1983 season began with a loss to the Dallas Cowboys 31–30 on the Monday Night Football season opener despite a 23-3 halftime lead over the Cowboys, but they lost only one more game in the regular season (also a Monday Night game, vs. Green Bay, by a score of 48–47), as they dominated the National Football League with a 14-win season that included scoring a then NFL record of 541 points, many of which came as a result of John Riggins' 24 touchdowns. In the postseason, the Redskins defeated the Los Angeles Rams 51–7. The next week, they cruised to a 21–0 lead over the San Francisco 49ers after 3 quarters in the NFC Championship Game, but the Redskins' weakness that season was their defense (they allowed 332 points that season). The 49ers fired off 3 touchdowns to tie the game. But Mark Moseley, who had missed 4 field goals, made the one that counted as the 'Skins beat the 49ers 24–21. It would be Washington's last win of the season because two weeks later, the Raiders beat the Redskins 38–9 in Super Bowl XVIII.

The 1987 season began with a 24-day players' strike, reducing the 16-game season to 15. The games for weeks 4-6 were won with all replacement players. The Redskins have the distinction of being the only team with no players crossing the picket line. Those three victories are often credited with getting the team into the playoffs and the basis for the 2000 movie The Replacements. The Redskins won their second championship in Super Bowl XXII on January 31, 1988, in San Diego, California. The Redskins routed the Denver Broncos 42-10 after falling behind 10–0 early in the first quarter. This was the largest come-from-behind victory in Super Bowl history. This game is more famous for the stellar performance by quarterback Doug Williams, who passed for four touchdowns in the second quarter en route to becoming the first black quarterback to lead his team to a Super Bowl victory. Rookie running back Timmy Smith had a great performance as well, running for a Super Bowl record 204 yards.

The Redskins won their most recent Super Bowl on January 26, 1992, in Super Bowl XXVI in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Redskins, the most dominant team in the NFL in the 1991 season, defeated the Buffalo Bills 37–24. Quarterback Mark Rypien was named the MVP. On March 5, 1993, Joe Gibbs retired after 12 years of coaching with the Redskins. In what would prove to be a temporary retirement, Gibbs pursued an interest in NASCAR by founding Joe Gibbs Racing.

Snyder era

1997

In 1997, Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke died on the eve of the opening of the new stadium in suburban Landover, Marylandmarker, that was to be named in his honor. In his will, Cooke left the Redskins to the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, with instructions that the foundation sell the team. His son, John Kent Cooke, was unable to raise sufficient funds to purchase the business, and the team was later sold to Daniel Snyder, a businessman.

1999

In 1999, the Redskins made the playoffs for the first time since Joe Gibbs's retirement by winning the NFC East. They beat the Detroit Lions 27-13 in a home wild card game, but subsequently dropped their divisional playoff game in a 14-13 loss on the road to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.



2000–2003

Snyder, who grew up as a Redskins fan and who made his fortune in marketing, has made many controversial moves since owning the team, including offering the name of the stadium up to corporate bidders. FedEx had the highest bid, and the stadium is now named FedEx Fieldmarker. The most controversial habit Snyder has practiced is the continuous hiring and firing of head coaches, first firing incumbent coach Norv Turner, firing replacement Marty Schottenheimer after only one season, and in 2002, hiring University of Floridamarker head coach Steve Spurrier to replace Schottenheimer. Spurrier resigned after the 2003 season with three years left on his contract.



2004

For the 2004 season, Snyder successfully lured former coach Joe Gibbs away from NASCAR to return as head coach and team president. His employment came with a promise of decreased intervention in football operations from Snyder. Snyder also expanded FedEx Fieldmarker to a league-high capacity of 91,665 seats. Gibbs's return to the franchise did not pay instant dividends as the Redskins finished the 2004 season with a record of 6 wins and 10 losses.

Despite an impressive defense, the team struggled offensively. Quarterback Mark Brunell—an off-season acquisition from the Jacksonville Jaguars—struggled in his first season, and was replaced midway through the season by backup Patrick Ramsey. On the other hand, some of Gibbs's other new signings, such as cornerback Shawn Springs and linebacker Marcus Washington, did very well. The Redskins also picked Sean Taylor from University of Miamimarker during the draft in Gibbs's first season.

Partly because owner Dan Snyder has turned the Redskins into the greatest revenue producer in pro football, he has spent a lot of money on free agents. These moves did not work out well in the beginning (Bruce Smith, Deion Sanders), but the quality of free agents signed under Coach Gibbs has improved by signing or trading for stars such as Cornelius Griffin, Santana Moss, and Clinton Portis.

2005

During the 2005 offseason, the Redskins traded back WR Laveranues Coles to the New York Jets and acquired WR Santana Moss in return.

The Redskins used their first pick of the 2005 NFL Draft on Auburn Universitymarker cornerback Carlos Rogers. The Redskins used their next first round draft pick (acquired from the Denver Broncos) on Auburn Quarterback Jason Campbell. The rest of their picks included UCLAmarker fullback Manuel White, Jr., Louisvillemarker linebacker Robert McCune, Stanfordmarker linebacker Jared Newberry, and Citadel Collegemarker fullback Nehemiah Broughton.

Hoping to improve on the previous season's dismal passing attack, Coach Gibbs added former Jacksonville Jaguars offensive coordinator Bill Musgrave as his quarterbacks coach. For the first time under Gibbs, the Redskins offense utilized the shotgun formation.

The team won its first three games, including a Monday Night Football victory over Dallas, but then fell into a slump, including three straight losses in November, which lessened the chances of the team making the playoffs. However, five consecutive victories at the end of the season allowed Washington to finish the season at 10-6, qualifying for the playoffs as a wild card team. They opened the playoffs on the road against the NFC South champion Tampa Bay Buccaneers on Saturday, January 7, 2006. They won the rematch by a final score of 17-10, after taking an early 14-0 lead, which they later seemed to have squandered until replay evidence showed that an apparent touchdown that would have tied the game was in fact an incomplete pass. In that game, the Redskins broke the record for fewest offensive yards (120) gained in a playoff victory, with one of their two touchdowns being from a defensive run after a fumble recovery. The following weekend, they played the Seattle Seahawks, who had received a first round bye. The Seahawks defeated the Redskins 20-10, ending the Redskins' hopes of reaching their first NFC Championship Game since 1991.

Three team records were broken during the 2005 season. Clinton Portis set the Redskins record for rushing yards in a season with 1,516 yards, breaking Stephen Davis's 2001 mark of 1,432 yards and Santana Moss's 1,483 receiving yards broke Bobby Mitchell's 1963 record of 1,436 yards. Chris Cooley's 71 receptions broke Jerry Smith's season record for a Redskins tight end.

2006

The inconsistency of the offense during the 2005 season resulted in Gibbs hiring offensive coordinator Al Saunders as the Associate Head Coach - Offense. Saunders came from a similar background as Gibbs through being mentored under Don Coryell and was thought to be able to make the offense become more efficient. Saunders would serve as the primary playcaller. Because of this, it was believed that Gibbs would have the role of Head Coach/CEO with the Redskins in 2006 and would largely deal with personnel matters, as well as having more time to focus on special teams and defense, while Saunders would supplement Gibbs with the offense. Gibbs also added former Buffalo Bills defensive coordinator Jerry Gray to his staff as Secondary/Cornerbacks Coach. Gibbs did lose quarterbacks coach Bill Musgrave to the Atlanta Falcons over the summer of 2006.

After bringing in new faces Brandon Lloyd, Antwaan Randle El, Adam Archuleta andAndre Carter with lucrative contracts and lucrative bonuses in the 2005-06 offseason, expectations for the Redskins were high. The expectations would in no way be met. The Redskins struggled every week to stay close in games and hold leads. The Redskins lost a close season-opener to the Minnesota Vikings 19-16. However, the season turned for the worse quickly. The Redskins played another primetime game the very next week against the hated rival Dallas Cowboys on NBC Sunday Night Football and fell flat on their face, losing 27-10. The Redskins seemed to turn it around after that, routing the Houston Texans 31-15 and quarterback Mark Brunell setting a then-NFL record by completing 22 consecutive passes. The Redskins then defeated the highly regarded Jacksonville Jaguars in overtime 36-30. However, this 2-game win streak would be the high point. The Redskins entered the next week favored over the slumping rival New York Giants and fell again, being demolished 19-3. The Redskins then hosted the winless Tennessee Titans at home, and lost 25-22, allowing Vince Young to win his first career start. After a loss to Indianapolis Colts, the Redskins returned home for a second jab at the Cowboys. The Redskins rallied to tie the game at 19-19. However, the Cowboys were on their way to victory and lined up for a 38-yard field-goal attempt by renowned kicker Mike Vanderjagt. When the kick went up, it was blocked and returned by Sean Taylor to the Cowboys 47 yard line as time expired, apparently sending the game to overtime, but a facemask on Dallas allowed newly signed kicker Nick Novak attempt a 49 yard field goal on an untimed down. He squeezed it through the uprights and the Redskins won the game 22-19. The next week, the Redskins traveled to Philadelphia to take on the rival Philadelphia Eagles and fell flat again, falling 27-3. After this, Joe Gibbs replaced Brunell with young quarterback Jason Campbell. The Redskins continued to lose games by close margins and blow late leads, winning only two of its final 7 games, and finishing the season 5-11, last in the NFC East.

Analysts differ on exactly why the 2006 season was such a failure. Some point to free agent signings such as strong safety Adam Archuleta and wide receiver Brandon Lloyd. Others point to the disconnect between the offensive philosophies of Gibbs and Saunders: Gibbs preferring a power-running scheme while Saunders desired an aggressive pass-oriented style. Many looked to the breakdowns in defensive coordinator Gregg Williams's system, while some point to specific player breakdowns in the porous secondary such as the struggles of defensive backs, allowing a league high 30 TD passes, and accumulating an NFL low 6 interceptions. The defense went from 7th overall in 2005 to 29th in 2006.

2007

The 2007 Washington Redskins season was the team's 75th season, and saw the team achieve a record of 9–7 and a playoff appearance. This was an improvement over the 2006 season in which they went 5–11 and finished last in the NFC East.

The Redskins began the 2007 season by "winning ugly" starting the season off 2–0. The Redskins kept winning and losing close games, the only exception to this a 34–3 rout of the Detroit Lions. The Redskins continued to win ugly and lose ugly to be 5–3 at the halfway mark. However, the Redskins would begin to collapse. The Washington Redskins lost their next three games to fall to 5–6. On Monday, November 26, 2007, Redskins team leader & superstar, Sean Taylor was shot early in the morning in his Miamimarker home. The next morning, Sean Taylor passed away. The heartbreak continued for the Washington Redskins, taking a 9–2 halftime lead against the Buffalo Bills, and eventually a 16–5 lead. However, the Bills cut the lead to 16–14, and got into position with just 8 seconds remaining to win the game. In an attempt to ice the kicker, head coach Joe Gibbs called timeout. However, he attempted to re-ice him, and called timeout again, which drew an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty, reducing the field goal from 51 yards to 36, and Bills kicker Ryan Lindell nailed it with ease. Following the heartbreaking loss, the Redskins attended Sean Taylor's funeral two days later, with a game to play on Thursday night against the Chicago Bears. The bad news continued, as quarterback Jason Campbell went down for the season with a knee injury. Following this, unlikely hero and backup quarterback Todd Collins led the Redskins to the victory, keeping their playoff hopes alive. Things continued to turn in the right direction behind Collins, who led the Redskins to a 22-10 victory on Sunday Night Football over the New York Giants and routs of the Minnesota Vikings and rival Dallas Cowboys in the final two weeks to propel the Redskins to 9–7 and the final playoff spot in the NFL Playoffs.

The Washington Redskins trailed 13–0 entering the 4th quarter to the Seattle Seahawks in the Wild Card Playoffs, but rallied back to take a 14–13 lead, but Redskins kicker Shaun Suisham missed a field goal later in the game, and the Seahawks scored on the next drive and converted the two-point conversion. To close the game, Todd Collins threw two interceptions, each returned for touchdowns, and the Redskins fell 35–14.

2008

The Washington Redskins looked to return to the playoffs in 2008 but could not, finishing 8–8. After Joe Gibbs announced his retirement, Jim Zorn was hired as head coach, and brought in a West Coast Offense.

The season started about as well as it could have, as the Washington Redskins started the season 6–2, with their two losses coming by a combined 11 points to the New York Giants and St. Louis Rams. Furthermore, Redskins star Clinton Portis led the NFL in rushing yards and Jason Campbell was just 40 pass attempts away from breaking Bernie Kosar's record of consecutive passes to start the season without an interception. However, the downturn began on the eve of the 2008 Presidential Election, being routed 23–6 by the Pittsburgh Steelers and Clinton Portis' injuries finally caught up to him. The Redskins continued to struggle, falling all the way to 7–7, with their only win a 3-point victory of the then-2–8 Seattle Seahawks, who were at that point 3–11. Despite this, their fast start ballooned them and thus were still barely breathing, but they needed help. The Washington Redskins upset the Philadelphia Eagles in Week 16, but were eliminated by the Atlanta Falcons due to their 24–17 victory over the Minnesota Vikings that same week. The Redskins lost the final game of the season 27–24, despite having a 17–7 lead at halftime, losing on a Joe Nedney field goal as time expired.

2009

The Redskins signed defensive tackle Albert Haynesworth to a 7-year, $100 milllion contract in the offseason. They also signed cornerback DeAngelo Hall to a 6-year, $54 million contract. Hall had joined the team for the final seven games of the 2008 season after being released by the Oakland Raiders.

The Redskins also signed offensive guard Derrick Dockery to a 5-year deal, bringing him back to the team that drafted him in 2003. In the 2009 NFL Draft the Redskins, with the 13th pick overall, drafted defensive end Brian Orakpo out of Texas. They also released two veterans, offensive tackle Jon Jansen and wide receiver/kick returner James Thrash. In addition the Redskins selected University of Kentucky defensive end Jeremy Jarmon in the third round of the supplemental draft.

After starting the season 2-3 with all-winless opponents, the Redskins hired former NFL offensive coordinator Sherman Lewis as an offensive consultant. After another close loss to the Kansas City Chiefs, Lewis was promoted to playcalling duties while coach Jim Zorn was demoted of the duties. Despite huge controversy of the job security of coach Zorn, Vinny Cerrato has stated that Zorn will be the coach of the Redskins for the remainder of the season.

Logos and uniforms

Washington Redskins uniform combinations
Redskins logo 1965-1969
Redskins logo 1982
Redskins logo 1972-1981, 1983-present
The Washington Redskins' primary colors are burgundy and gold. The Redskins' current uniform design was introduced by coach Jack Pardee in 1979. From 1961 through 1978, the Redskins wore gold pants with both the burgundy and white jerseys, although details of the jerseys and pants changed a few times during this period. Gold face masks were introduced in 1978 and remain to this day; previous to that they were grey. They are one of three NFL teams that primarily wear their white jerseys at home (the others being the Dallas Cowboys and the Miami Dolphins; these last two teams, playing in warm weather cities, do traditionally wear dark jerseys at night or late in the season). The tradition of wearing white jerseys over burgundy pants at home, which is considered the "classic" look, was started by Joe Gibbs when he took over as coach in 1981. Gibbs was an assistant for the San Diego Chargers in 1979 and 1980, and the Chargers wore white at home during the tenure of coach Don Coryell in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Their burgundy jersey is primarily used when the opposing team decides to wear white at home, which comes mostly against the Dallas Cowboys and occasionally the Philadelphia Eagles, and is normally worn over white pants. Outside of Dallas and Philadelphia, the burgundy jersey is also worn on the road against other teams that like to wear white at home for early season games. From 1981 through 2000, the Redskins wore their white jerseys over burgundy pants at home almost exclusively. In 1994, as part of a league-wide celebration of the NFL's 75th Anniversary, during certain games the Redskins wore special uniforms which emulated the uniforms worn by the team in its inaugural season as the Washington Redskins, 1937. Both worn over gold pants, the burgundy jerseys featured gold numbers bordered in white and the white jerseys featured burgundy numbers bordered in gold. The most distinctive feature of both colors of the jersey was the patches worn on both sleeves, which were a reproduction of the patches worn on the full-length sleeves of the 1937 jerseys. Worn with these uniforms was a plain burgundy helmet with a gold facemask. In 2001, the Redskins wore burgundy for all home games in preseason and regular season per a decision by Marty Schottenheimer, their coach for that year. In 2002, the team celebrated the passing of 70 years since its creation as the Boston Braves in 1932, and wore a special home uniform of burgundy jersey over gold pants which roughly resembled the home uniforms used from 1969-1978. The helmets used with this special home uniform during that year were a reproduction of the helmets used by the team from 1965-1969. In 2004, when Joe Gibbs became the coach of the Redskins once again, the team switched back to wearing white jerseys at home.

Their white jersey has provided three basic color combinations, two of which have been previously alluded to in this article. The last combination consists of both white jerseys and pants. That particular combination surfaced in the first game of the 2003 season, when the team was coached by Steve Spurrier, on a nationally televised game against the New York Jets, which led many sports fans and Redskins faithful alike to point out that they had never seen that particular combination. That year the Redskins wore it two more times. That look didn't appear again until midway through the 2005 season when the Redskins wore it in a road game against the St. Louis Rams. The Redskins won six games, including one in the playoffs against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, wearing that combination and the local media jokingly pointed out that the reason the Redskins were winning was their use of the white on white combination. In the NFC Divisional Game against the eventual 2005 NFC Champion Seattle Seahawks, the Redskins wore the all-white uniforms, in hopes that they could keep their streak going; however, they lost 20-10. The Redskins continued to wear the white jerseys and white pants into the 2006 preseason. In the 2006 season, the Redskins started wearing black cleats, something that hadn't been done for quite a while. It was a surprise because they wore white cleats during the preseason. They would have to wear that color for the rest of the season, because the NFL usually asks teams to choose either black or white cleats to be worn throughout the season.

After the white-on-white period which lasted from the mid/late 2005 season into 2006, the classic uniform of white jerseys over burgundy pants reappeared on November 26, 2006, in a home game against the Carolina Panthers. The decision to return to the classic look may have symbolized a desire by the team to turn a new page on their 2006 season, which had been very lackluster previous to that game, the period of success with the white jerseys over white pants having come to an end the previous season. The move may have also been related to the fact that this home game was the second start and first home start of second-year quarterback Jason Campbell, and that the game and the previous week's game were, in the hopes and perceptions of many Redskins fans, the start of the "Jason Campbell era." The Redskins went on to win that game against Carolina, preserving slim hopes of the team's being able to make it to the 2006 playoffs, although they ultimately missed the playoffs.

Redskins 75th anniversary uniform: 2007
In celebration of the franchise's 75th anniversary, the Redskins wore a special throwback uniform for the September 23, 2007 home game against the New York Giants. Players wore a white jersey with burgundy and gold stripes on the sleeves and the 75th anniversary logo on the left chest. The pants were gold, with white and burgundy stripes down the side. The helmet was yellow-colored with a maroon "R" logo. The helmet and uniform styles (besides the anniversary patch) were the same as the ones the franchise used during the 1970-71 seasons. While this throwback uniform was worn during a home game, it was actually the away uniform for 1970-71. (The helmet was discontinued after the 1971 season, while this basic away uniform design was used through the 1978 season.) The legendary Vince Lombardi, who coached the Redskins in 1969 before passing away during the 1970 pre-season, was the inspiration behind the helmet. Lombardi pushed for the logo, which sat inside a white circle enclosed within a red circle border, with Indian feathers hanging down from the side, because of its similarity to the "G" on the helmets worn by his Green Bay Packers for many years.

On September 14, 2008, Week 2 and Game Two for the team of the 2008 season, the 'Skins again donned the white-on-white look, reminiscent of the successful stretch at the end of the 2005 season.

On November 3, 2008, the Redskins wore burgundy jerseys over their burgundy pants in a Monday night home game against the Pittsburgh Steelers the night before the 2008 U.S. Presidential election. The Redskins lost the game, 23-6. It was the first time the Redskins went with the dark "monochrome" look that many NFL teams have adopted in some form over the past few years, and was also a rare home game use of the burgundy jerseys. The Redskins again wore the burgundy jerseys at home against the Giants in Week 12 on November 30, 2008, against the Eagles in Week 16 on December 21, 2008.

On November 15, 2009, the Redskins wore their burgundy jersey at home against the Denver Broncos. The burgundy jersey with burgundy pants combination made a reappearance against the Dallas Cowboys at Cowboys Stadium on November 22, 2009.

Native American mascot controversy

Some people consider the namesake and logo of the Washington Redskins insensitive towards Native Americans. There have been movements by certain groups to change the name, but the attempts have been unsuccessful. Others make the case in defense that the The Redskins name is intended to honor the bravery and dignity of Native Americans and that, regardless of past usage, the word "redskins" today refers to the football team. Notwithstanding the protests of activists, a 2002 poll commissioned by Sports Illustrated found that 75% of those Native Americans surveyed had no objection to the Redskins name. The results of the poll have been criticized by Native American activists due to Sport's Illustrated's refusal to provide polling information (i.e. how participants were recruited and contacted, if they were concentrated in one region, if one ethnic group is over represented and the exact wording and order of questions). But in 2004, a poll by the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania essentially confirmed the prior poll's findings, concluding that 91% of the American Indians surveyed in the 48 states on the mainland USA found the name acceptable and setting out in detail the exact wording of the questions.

In 1992, a group of Native Americans led by Suzan Harjo filed to have the United States trademarks associated with the Redskins name cancelled under statutes which prevent registration of disparaging term. The Trademark Trial and Appeal Board in 1999 ruled in favor of the petition and cancelled the trademarks. Following appeals, in 2005 the D.C. Court of Appeals in Pro-Football, Inc. v. Harjo reversed the cancellation, ruling that there was insufficient evidence to support the finding of disparagement and holding that the majority of the petitioners were barred by laches from maintaining the suit. Had the cancellation of the trademark been successful, the team could have still used the name, and it still would have had enforceable trademark rights under state and local law. It would thus have been able to prevent others from using its marks on promotional goods, such as jackets and caps. It would, however, have lost various benefits of federal trademark registration, such as the ability to enlist the aid of the U.S. Customs Service to seize infringing imports at the border. On May 15, 2009 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit affirmed an earlier ruling that the Native Americans had waited too long to challenge the trademark. The trademark was registered in 1967. Native Americans successfully got the court to reconsider based on the fact the one of the plaintiffs, Mateo Romero, was only 1 year old in 1967 and turned 18 in 1984. The court decision affirmed that, even accepting the 1984 date, the Native Americans had still waited too long for the 1992 challenge. In November, 2009, in Harjo v. Pro-Football, Inc., Case No. 09-326, the U.S. Supreme Court declined certiorari and refused to hear the Native American group's appeal.

Season-by-season records

Record vs. opponents

(As of the conclusion of the 2008 NFL season. Includes postseason records.)

Miami Dolphins 4 6 0 .400 W 16-13 (OT) Sep 9, 2007 Landover
Oakland Raiders 3 7 0 .300 L 16-13 Nov 20, 2005 Landover
Carolina Panthers 7 2 0 .777 L 20-17 Oct 11, 2009 Charlotte, North Carolinamarker
Arizona Cardinals 74 44 2 .625 W 24-17 Sep 21, 2008 Landover
Chicago Bears 18 20 1 .474 W 24-16 Dec 7, 2007 Landover
Jacksonville Jaguars 3 1 0 .750 W 36-30 (OT) Oct 1, 2006 Landover
Cleveland Browns 10 33 1 .239 W 14-11 Oct 19, 2008 Landover
Atlanta Falcons 14 5 1 .725 L 24-14 Dec 3, 2006 Landover
Dallas Cowboys 37 58 2 .367 L 6-7 Nov 22, 2008 Arlington, Texas
Denver Broncos 4 6 0 .400 W 27-17 Nov 15, 2009 Landover
New Orleans Saints 15 7 0 .681 W 29-24 Sep 14, 2008 Landover
New York Giants 61 88 4 .412 L 23-17 Sep 13, 2009 New York
Pittsburgh Steelers 42 21 3 .659 L 23-6 Nov 3, 2008 Landover
Tampa Bay Buccaneers 8 8 0 .500 w 16-13 Oct 4, 2009 Landover
Kansas City Chiefs 1 7 0 .125 L 14-6 Oct 18, 2009 Landover
Buffalo Bills 4 7 0 .364 L 17-16 Dec 2, 2007 Landover
Tennessee Titans 4 6 0 .400 L 25-22 Oct 15, 2006 Landover
Indianapolis Colts 10 18 0 .357 L 36-22 Oct 22, 2006 Indianapolismarker
Detroit Lions 26 11 0 .703 L 14-19 Sep 27, 2009 Detroit
Green Bay Packers 12 17 1 .417 L 17-14 Oct 14, 2007 Green Baymarker
Minnesota Vikings 8 6 0 .571 W 32-21 Dec 23, 2007 Minneapolismarker
St. Louis Rams 21 8 1 .717 W 9-7 Sept 20, 2009 Landover
San Francisco 49ers 9 14 1 .396 L 27-24 Dec 28, 2008 San Franciscomarker
Seattle Seahawks 10 4 0 .714 W 20-17 Nov 23, 2008 Seattlemarker
Baltimore Ravens 1 3 0 .250 L 24-10 Dec 7, 2008 Baltimoremarker
New England Patriots 6 2 0 .750 L 52-7 Oct 28, 2007 Foxboro, MAmarker
Philadelphia Eagles 77 66 6 .537 W 10-3 Dec 21, 2008 Landover
Houston Texans 2 0 0 1.000 W 31-15 Sept 24, 2006 Houstonmarker
Cincinnati Bengals 4 4 0 .500 L 20-13 Dec 14, 2008 Cincinnati, OHmarker
New York Jets 8 1 0 .889 W 23-20 (OT) Nov 4, 2007 East Rutherford, NJmarker
San Diego Chargers 6 2 0 .750 L 23-17 (OT) Nov 27, 2005 Landover
Total 508 478 23 .515

Rivalries

The Redskins and Dallas Cowboys enjoy what has been called by Sports Illustrated the top NFL rivalry of all time and "one of the greatest in sports." The two teams storied rivalry goes back to 1960 when the two clubs first played each other, resulting in a Washington victory. Since that time, Dallas has led the all-time series 57-39-2. In recent years the Redskins have gained ground since 2005 with a record of 5-3. On September 28, 2008, the Redskins beat the Cowboys 26–24 in the final Redskins/Cowboys game at Texas Stadiummarker.

The Redskins also share a long rivalry with the New York Giants that dates back to the days that the Redskins were in Boston.

A divisional and historical rivalry also exists between the Redskins and Philadelphia Eagles.

Players of note

Current roster

Pro Football Hall of Famers



Retired numbers



Unofficial retired numbers

The Redskins' policy since Baugh's retirement has been to not retire numbers. However, some numbers are unofficially retired and are usually withheld from being assigned to new players. The following numbers of past Redskin greats fall into that category.





The use of unofficial retired numbers drew controversy during Steve Spurrier's first year as head coach. Quarterbacks Danny Wuerffeland Shane Matthewsfirst wore 7 and 9 respectively during training camp. The resulting sports talk furor led to them switching to 17 and 6. During the season, reserve tight end Leonard Stephenswore number 49 for the season. After his retirement as assistant GM, Bobby Mitchellblasted the team, accusing late owners Edward Bennett Williamsand Jack Kent Cookeof racism for not being considered for GM and was upset that the team would let a player like Leonard Stephens wear his number. Although Sean Taylor's number (21) has yet to be re-issued, it is unclear yet whether it falls into this category.

Washington Hall of Stars

The Washington Hall of Stars is a series of banners hanging at RFK Stadiummarker honoring D.C. performers from all sports.It was previously located on a series of white-and-red signs ringing the face of the stadium's mezzanine level. Another version hangs on a large sign on one of the parking garages at Nationals Parkmarker.The Redskins honored on it include Hall-of-Famers Allen, Battles, Baugh, Dudley, Houston, Huff, Jurgensen, Marshall, Millner, Mitchell, Riggins, and Taylor; "retired number" honorees Brown, Monk, Moseley, and Theismann; and the following:





Despite having been elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, Turk Edwards, Ray Flaherty, Joe Gibbs, and Paul Krause are not on the Hall of Stars banners. Edwards, Flaherty, and Gibbs had been honored on signs on the prior version of the Hall of Stars.

Redskins Ring of Fame

When the Redskins moved out of RFK Stadium, the signs commemorating the Washington Hall of Stars were left behind and the team began a new tradition of honoring Redskins greats via the "Ring of Fame," a set of signs on the upper level facade at FedEx Field. Unlike the Hall of Stars, which honors historical greats from all sports, the Ring of Fame is limited to honoring Redskins greats. The following is a list of members of the Ring of Fame:



The 70 Greatest Redskins

In honor of the Redskins' 70th anniversary, on June 13, 2002, a panel selected the 70 Greatest Redskins to honor the players and coaches who were significant on-field contributors to the Redskins five championships and rich history. They were honored in a weekend of festivities, including a special halftime ceremony during the Redskins' 26–21 win over the Indianapolis Colts.

The panel that chose the 70 consisted of former news anchor Bernard Shaw; former player Bobby Mitchell; Senator George Allen(son of coach George Allen); broadcaster Ken Beatrice; Noel Epstein, editor for the Washington Post; former diplomat Joseph J.Sisco; Phil Hochberg, who retired in 2001 after 38 years as team stadium announcer; Pro Football Hall of Fame historian Joe Horrigan; sportscaster George Michael; sports director Andy Pollin; NFL Films president Steven Sabol; and news anchor Jim Vance.

The list includes three head coaches and 67 players, of which 41 were offensive players, 23 defensive players and three special teams players.

Among the 70 Greatest, there are 92 Super Bowlappearances, with 47 going once and 45 playing in more than one. Twenty-nine members possess one Super Bowl ring and 26 have more than one. Also, before the Super Bowl, members of the 70 made 18 World Championship appearances including six that participated in the Redskins' NFL Championship victories in 1937 and 1942.





All-time first-round draft picks

Coaches of note

Current staff

Single-season records

* NFL Record

Redskins career records



NFL records

Offense

  • The Washington Redskins have had two 14 win seasons, in both and 1991. This is sixth place all time.
  • The Redskins scored 541 points in 1983, an NFL record that was surpassed by the Minnesota Vikings and again by the 2007 New England Patriots, and is still third all time.
  • The Redskins' 72 points against the New York Giants on November 27, 1966, is the most points ever scored by an NFL team in a regular season game and the 72 to 41 score amounted to 113 points and the highest scoring game ever in NFL history. The second half scoring for the game amounted to 65 points, the second highest point total for second half scoring and the third highest total scoring in any half in NFL history. The Redskins' ten touchdowns are the most by a team in a single game and the 16 total touchdowns are the most combined for a game. The Redskins' nine PATs is the second most all time for a single game and the 14 combined is the most ever in a game.
  • The Redskins set a record for most first downs in a game with 39 in a game against Detroit on November 4, 1990. They also set a record by not allowing a single first down against the N.Y. Giants on September 27, 1942.
  • The Redskins have led the league in passing eight times, in 1938, 1940, 1944, 1947–48, 1967, 1974, 1989. Only the San Diego Chargers have led more times. The Redskins led the league in completion percentage 11 times, in 1937, 1939–1940, 1942–45, 1947–48, 1969–1970, second only to the San Francisco 49ers. Their four straight years from 1942–45 is the second longest streak.
  • The Redskins' nine sacks allowed in 1991 is the third fewest allowed in a season.
  • The Redskins' completed 43 passes in an overtime win against Detroit on November 4, 1990, second most all-time.


Defense

  • The Redskins recovered eight opponent's fumbles against the St. Louis Cardinals on October 25, 1976, which is the most ever in one game.
  • The Redskins' allowed 82 first downs in 1937, third fewest all-time.
  • The Redskins have led the league in fewest total yards allowed five times, 1935-37, 1939, and 1946, which is the third most. Their three consecutive years from 1935-37 is an NFL record.
  • The Redskins have lead the league in fewest passing yards allowed seven times, in 1939, 1942, 1945, 1952-53, 1980, and 1985, second only to Green Bay (10).
  • The Redskins had 61 defensive turnovers in 1983, the third most all-time. The turnover differential of +43 that year was the highest of all time.
  • The Redskins had only 12 defensive turnovers in 2006, the fewest in a 16-game season and second all time. (The Baltimore Colts had 11 turnovers in the strike-shortened 1982 Season which lasted only 9 games.)


Special teams

  • The Redskins led the league in field goals for eight seasons, , , , -77, , , . Only the Green Bay Packers have ever led more. Their 49 field goals attempted in 1971 is the most ever attempted in a single season.
  • The Redskins and Bears attempted an NFL record 11 field goals on November 14, 1971, and the Redskins and Giants tied that mark on November 14, 1976.
  • The Redskins 28 consecutive games, from to , scoring a field goal is third all time.
  • The Redskins have led the league in punting average six times, in 1940-43, 1945, and 1958, second only to the Denver Broncos. Their four consecutive years from 1940–43 is an NFL record.
  • The Redskins have led the league in average kickoff return yards eight times, in 1942, 1947, 1962–63, 1973–74, 1981, and 1995, more than any other team.


Broadcasting

Radio

, the Redskins' flagship station is WTEM (ESPN 980), owned by Red Zebra Broadcasting, which in turn is owned by Snyder. Redskins games are also simulcast on the five other Red Zebra stations in the Washington, D.C. area.


Larry Michael, formerly of Westwood One, is the team's play-by-playannouncer and director of broadcasting. Michael replaced longtime announcer Frank Herzogin . Sonny Jurgensenand Sam Huffare the color analysts. Rick Walkeris the sideline reporter.

Television

Telecasts of preseason games not shown on national networks are aired in HD exclusively on Comcast SportsNetin the overall Mid-Atlantic region. WRCmarker broadcasts preseason games in SD in the Washington, D.C. area.Comcast SportsNet also airs a pregame show and an extensive game recap program after each Redskins regular season Sunday game.

Superstition regarding US Presidential elections

For 17 of the past 18 United Statesmarker Presidential elections, a win for the Redskins' last home game prior to Election Day coincided with the incumbent party winning re-election.The exception was in 2004, when the Republican Partyincumbent George W.Bushwon re-election despite the Green Bay Packersbeating the Redskins. Other than this exception, this "Redskins Rule" has proven true since 1936 when they won and incumbent Franklin D.Roosevelt won re-election, prior to the Redskins' move from Bostonmarker in 1937.

In 2008, the Pittsburgh Steelersbeat the Redskins on the eve of Election Day 23-6, and Barack Obamawon the presidency the following evening.

The Redskins Rule was discovered by Steve Hirdt, executive vice president of the Elias Sports Bureau, while searching for discussion fodder in 2000 for a game between the Redskins and Titans.

References

  1. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/30/football-values-09_NFL-Team-Valuations_Value.html
  2. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/30/football-values-09_NFL-Team-Valuations_Value.html
  3. http://www.redskins.com/gen/articles/Redskins_Set_NFL_Attendance_Record_In__07_5502.jsp
  4. ESPN.com Roethlisberger leaves at halftime, Leftwich leads Steelers past Skins
  5. Pro-Football, Inc. v. Harjo, 415 F.3d 44 (2005).
  6. Quinn Emanuel's Raskopf Wins Affirmance of Washington Redskins' Trademarks - law.com - May 15, 2009
  7. CNN McCain gets bad sign? November 4, 2008.
  8. The China Post 'Redskins Rule' could predict election winner, Updated Saturday, November 1, 2008, 10:46 am TWN, AFP.
  9. The Orlando Sentinal Did Washington Redskins' loss to Pittsburgh Steelers clinch the Presidential election for Barack Obama over John McCain?, November 4, 2008.


See also



External links



Washington Redskins inducted in the Pro Football Hall of Famemarker
Players
Number
Name
Positions
Seasons
Number
Name
Positions
Seasons
9 Sonny Jurgensen QB 1964-1974 17 Turk Edwards OT-DT 1932-1940
20 Cliff Battles RB-CB 1932-1937 26 Paul Krause S 1964-1967
27 Ken Houston S 1973-1980 28 Darrell Green CB 1983-2002
33 Sammy Baugh QB-S-P 1937-1952 35 Bill Dudley RB-CB 1950-1953
40 Wayne Millner TE-DE 1936-1941 42 Charley Taylor WR 1964-1977
44 John Riggins RB 1976-1985 49 Bobby Mitchell RB 1962-1968
70 Sam Huff LB 1964-1967 73 Stan Jones DT 1966
75 Deacon Jones DE 1974 78 Bruce Smith DE 2000-03
81 Art Monk WR 1980-1993
Management
Number
Name
Positions
Seasons
Number
Name
Positions
Seasons
-- George Allen Head coach 1971-1977 -- Ray Flaherty Head coach 1936-1942
-- Joe Gibbs Head coach 1981-1992, 2004-2007 -- Otto Graham Head coach 1966-1968
-- Curly Lambeau Head coach 1952-1953 -- Vince Lombardi Head coach 1969
-- George Preston Marshall Owner & founder 1932-1969 -- Mike McCormack Assistant coach 1965-1972
-- Emmitt Thomas Assistant coach 1986-94
#
Name
Position
Years
21
Terry Allen
RB
1995–98
41
Mike Bass
CB
1969–75
20
Cliff Battles
B
1932–37
33
Sammy Baugh
QB
1937–52
31
Don Bosseler
B
1957–64
53
Jeff Bostic
C
1980–93
4
Mike Bragg
P
1968–79
80
Gene Brito
DE
1951–53,55–58
43
Larry Brown
RB
1969–76
77
Bill Brundige
DE
1970–77
65
Dave Butz
DT
1975–88
21
Earnest Byner
RB
1989–93
84
Gary Clark
WR
1985–92
51
Monte Coleman
LB
1979–94
53
Al DeMao
C
1945–53
36
Chuck Drazenovich
LB
1950–59
35
Bill Dudley
RB
1950–51,53
17
Turk Edwards
OT
1932–40
44
Andy Farkas
FB
1938–44
37
Pat Fischer
CB
1968–77
28
Darrell Green
CB
1983–2002
68
Russ Grimm
G
1981–91
55
Chris Hanburger
LB
1965–78
57
Ken Harvey
LB
1994–98
56
Len Hauss
C
1964–77
27
Ken Houston
S
1973–80
70
Sam Huff
LB
1964–67,69
66
Joe Jacoby
OT/G
1981–93
47
Dick James
RB
1955–63
9
Sonny Jurgensen
QB
1964–74
22
Charlie Justice
RB
1950,52–54
17
Billy Kilmer
QB
1971–78
26
Paul Krause
DB
1964–67
79
Jim Lachey
OT
1988–95
14
Eddie LeBaron
QB
1952–53,55–59
#
Name
Position
Years
72
Dexter Manley
DE
1981–89
71
Charles Mann
DE
1983–93
58
Wilber Marshall
LB
1988–92
73
Mark May
OT
1981–89
79
Ron McDole
DE
1971–78
63
Raleigh McKenzie
G
1985–94
53
Harold McLinton
LB
1969–78
40
Wayne Millner
E
1936–41,45
49
Bobby Mitchell
FL
1962–68
30
Brian Mitchell
RB
1990–99
81
Art Monk
WR
1980–93
3
Mark Moseley
K
1974–86
29
Mark Murphy
S
1977–84
21
Mike Nelms
KR
1980–84
52
Neal Olkewicz
LB
1979–89
23
Brig Owens
DB
1966–77
65
Vince Promuto
G
1960–70
44
John Riggins
RB
1976–79,81–85
11
Mark Rypien
QB
1987–93
83
Ricky Sanders
WR
1986–93
76
Ed Simmons
OT
1987–97
87
Jerry Smith
TE
1965–77
60
Dick Stanfel
G
1956–58
74
George Starke
OT
1973–84
72
Diron Talbert
DT
1971–80
84
Hugh Taylor
E
1947–54
42
Charley Taylor
WR
1964–77
7
Joe Theismann
QB
1974–85
67
Rusty Tillman
LB
1970–77
85
Don Warren
TE
1979–92
25
Joe Washington
RB
1981–84
17
Doug Williams
QB
1986–89
George Allen
head coach
1971–77
Ray Flaherty
head coach
1936–42
Joe Gibbs
head coach
1981–92,04–07

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